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Homework answers / question archive / Louisiana State University PSYC 2070 Chapter 1: Introduction (life-span perspective) 1)The developmental period that runs from approximately 40 years of age to about 60 years of age is Select one: a

Louisiana State University PSYC 2070 Chapter 1: Introduction (life-span perspective) 1)The developmental period that runs from approximately 40 years of age to about 60 years of age is Select one: a


Louisiana State University

PSYC 2070

Chapter 1: Introduction (life-span perspective)

1)The developmental period that runs from approximately 40 years of age to about 60 years of age

is Select one:

a.            the nesting years.

b.            the crooning years.

c.             middle adulthood.

d.            early adulthood.

2.            Many older adults become wiser by being able to call on experience, yet they perform poorly on cognitive speed tests. This can be explained by which of the following life-span characteristics?

Select one:

a.            multidirectionality

b.            plasticity

c.             contextualism

d.            multidimensionality

3.            Dr. Wong is a cognitive theorist, so we know that he will stress the importance of            

for understanding development. Select one:

a.            conscious thoughts

b.            repressed memories

c.             the effects of genes and evolution on the development of intelligence

d.            reciprocal interactions

4.            According to Urie Bronfenbrenner, this aspect of the environment refers to the person's

immediate environment. Select one:

a.            mesosytem

b.            microsystem

c.             chronosystem

d.            macrosystem

5.            People with similar occupational, educational, and economic characteristics are said to share the

same Select one:

a.            ethnic group.

b.            poverty rate.

c.             subculture group.

d.            socioeconomic status.

6.            The first stage in Erickson's theory is Select one:

a.            belief versus unbelief.

b.            naïveté versus cynicism.

c.             kindness versus callousness.

d.            trust versus mistrust.

7.            An eclectic theory of development assumes that Select one:

a.            the different developmental theories are all correct and complete within their own contexts.

b.            development is a dynamic and variable process.

c.             the more contemporary theories are more accurate than those created before 1950.


d.            no single theory can account for all of human development.

8.            The longitudinal method of research consists of Select one:

a.            a snapshot of functioning at one point in time.

b.            studying the same individuals over a long period of time.

c.             an experimental variable with long-standing effects

d.            a dependent variable that takes a long time to manifest.

9.            Development is BEST defined as a pattern of growth that Select one:

a.            begins at birth and continues throughout childhood.

b.            begins at birth and ends when the person begins to decline due to age.

c.             begins at conception and continues until the person is fully grown.

d.            begins at conception and continues throughout the human life span.

10.          Which of the following methods is the best method to determine cause and effect? Select one:

a.            naturalistic observation in the "everyday world"

b.            naturalistic observation in the laboratory

c.             experimental method

d.            correlational method

11.          Researchers from many disciplines study human development in an effort to better understand

how humans develop. This makes human development a            field of study. Select one:

a.            multidisciplinary

b.            multidirectional

c.             multidimensional

d.            cultural

12.          Life expectancy refers to Select one:

a.            the number of years lived by most people.

b.            the maximum number of years a species can live.

c.             the average number of years a person can expect to live.

d.            the oldest age of any person in recorded history.

13.          Informed consent in research contains all of the following, EXCEPT Select one:

a.            detailed hypothesis.

b.            description of what is involved.

c.             risks.

d.            right to withdraw.

14.          Dr. Tepper-Harmon believes that life-span development cannot be studied without considering biological, socioemotional, and cognitive dimensions. Dr. Tepper-Harmon believes that

development is Select one:

a.            multidimensional.

b.            plastic.

c.             multidirectional.

d.            lifelong.

15.          Travis spends a great deal of time working and trying to establish his career. He also has been thinking about how his personal relationship is going and considering whether it could be long

term and lead to establishing a family. Travis is most likely in Select one:

a.            late adulthood.

b.            early adulthood.


c.             late adolescence.

d.            middle adulthood.

16.          People today are waiting longer to marry and raise children. In the 1950s, it was more common for people to marry and start a family before they were 20 years old. This difference is an

example of a Select one:

a.            normative age-graded influence on development.

b.            multidimensional change in the context of development.

c.             nonnormative life event that has changed across development.

d.            normative history-graded influence on development.

17.          The traditional and life-span perspectives are contrasting views of developmental change.

According to the life-span perspective, when do developmental changes occur? Select one:

a.            during adolescence and early adulthood

b.            during middle and late adulthood

c.             throughout the entire life cycle

d.            during infancy and early childhood

18.          One of the differences between Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson is that Select one:

a.            Erik Erikson believed that development lasted only until the age of 10.

b.            Erik Erikson built his theory from his own philosophy and not from case studies.

c.             Erik Erikson said that sexuality played a key role in the life-span development of the


d.            Erik Erikson saw that development occurred throughout the life span.

19.          When studying development, behavioral theorists believe that only behavior must be observed

because it Select one:

a.            allows inferences about underlying cognitive processes.

b.            allows us to better understand the biology that causes our development.

c.             indicates the way in which we have resolved prior crises during development.

d.            is the only direct and measurable indication we have of development.

20.          By age 50, many people need reading glasses or bifocals to improve their vision. This

physiological change is a good example of a Select one:

a.            nonnormative life event.

b.            multidirectional influence on development.

c.             nonnormative age-graded influence on development.

d.            normative age-graded influence on development.
























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