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Homework answers / question archive / Middle Tennessee State University - NFS 2220 Energy Balance Multiple Choice Questions 1)What would be the approximate weight gain of a person who consumes an excess of 500 kcalories daily for one month? 0

Middle Tennessee State University - NFS 2220 Energy Balance Multiple Choice Questions 1)What would be the approximate weight gain of a person who consumes an excess of 500 kcalories daily for one month? 0

Health Science

Middle Tennessee State University - NFS 2220

Energy Balance

Multiple Choice Questions

1)What would be the approximate weight gain of a person who consumes an excess of 500 kcalories daily for one month?

    1. 0.5 lb
    2. 2 lbs
    3. 3 lbs
    4. 4 lbs
    5. 8 lbs
  1. When an adult gains an extra 10 pounds of body weight, approximately how much of this weight is fat?
    1. 1 lb
    2. 2.5 lbs
    3. 5 lbs
    4. 7.5 lbs
    5. 9 lbs
  2. Approximately what percentage of weight loss during starvation is lean body mass? a.        10%

b.   20%

c.     35%

d.   50%

e.    75%

 

  1. What is an indirect measure of the amount of energy released from food?
    1. The increase in heat given off when the food is burned
    2. Quantity of oxygen consumed when the food is burned
    3. Quantity of carbon dioxide consumed when the food is burned
    4. The increase in heat retained by the food when it is slowly brought to 100° C
    5. The decrease in ambient temperature when the food is chilled to 0° C

 

  1. The desire to eat a slice of chocolate cake after consuming a very large meal best illustrates which state?
    1. satiety
    2. hunger
    3. appetite
    4. depression
    5. Bulimia

 

  1. Which hormone is most responsible for signaling satiety as well as reducing food intake during a meal?
    1. Gastrin
    2. Adipokines
    3. Neuropeptide Y
    4. Cholecystokinin
    5. Secretin

 

 

 

  1. About how long does it take for a meal to be completely eliminated from the stomach?
    1. 30 minutes
    2. 1.5 hours
    3. 4 hours
    4. 8 hours
    5. 12 hours

 

  1. Among the following, which has the greatest power to suppress hunger?
    1. Apples
    2. French fries
    3. Doughnuts
    4. Potato chips
    5. Cookies

 

  1. The brain chemical neuropeptide Y is known to specifically enhance the craving for         .
    1. fat
    2. salt
    3. protein
    4. carbohydrate
    5. Water

 

  1. What fraction of the day's energy expenditure of the average person is represented by the basal metabolism?
    1. About 1/10
    2. About 1/3
    3. About ½
    4. About 2/3
    5. Over 9/10

 

  1. What is the approximate daily basal metabolism of a 110-pound woman?
    1. 500 kcal
    2. 1000 kcal
    3. 1500 kcal
    4. 2000 kcal
    5. 2500 kcal

 

  1. Which factor has the most influence on the body's metabolic rate?
    1. Age
    2. Gender
    3. Amount of fat tissue
    4. Amount of lean body tissue
    5. Usual diet

 

  1. Which measurement may be used to calculate the amount of energy expended by the body?
    1. Oxygen consumed
    2. Total air exchanged
    3. Intestinal gas expelled
    4. Carbon dioxide consumed
    5. Carbon dioxide exchange rate

 

 

 

  1. Which measurements are all used to compute a woman's BMR?
    1. Body fat, height, and age
    2. Body weight, height, and age
    3. Physical activity level, body weight, and height
    4. Energy intake, physical activity level, and body weight
    5. Age, weight, and estimated skeletal mass

 

  1. Which diet promotes the greatest loss of body heat?
    1. High fat and low protein
    2. High protein and low fat
    3. High carbohydrate and low fat
    4. Balanced protein, fat, and carbohydrate
    5. High protein and high carbohydrate
  2. What term describes the increase in energy expenditure that occurs in a person who fractures a leg?
    1. Febrile hyperthermia
    2. Physical hyperthermia
    3. Specific thermogenesis
    4. Adaptive thermogenesis
    5. Stress hyperthermia

 

  1. What is the approximate value for the thermic effect of a 2500-kcalorie diet?
    1. 25 kcal
    2. 250 kcal
    3. 400 kcal
    4. 500 kcal
    5. 1250 kcal

 

  1. What is the main explanation for the difference in basal metabolic rates between males and females of the same body weight?
    1. Males are usually taller than females
    2. Females have lower levels of thyroid hormones
    3. Males have a higher percentage of lean body mass
    4. Females have a lower percentage of adipose tissue
    5. Reproductive hormones increase the basal metabolic rates of females.

 

  1. What term best describes a failure of the body’s cells to respond to secretion of insulin?
    1. Central obesity
    2. Insulin resistance
    3. Thyroid insufficiency
    4. Hypothalamic impedance

 

  1. What is the approximate body mass index of a woman who is 5'5" and 125 lbs?
    1. 21
    2. 26
    3. 31
    4. 36
    5. 40

 

 

 

  1. Jacki, who has a sedentary lifestyle, is 5'5" tall and weighs 165 lbs. She calculated her BMI to be 27.5. She recognizes that her body weight is unhealthy and vows to improve her eating habits and begin a regular program of physical fitness. Her goal is to achieve a BMI of 22. Approximately how much weight (lbs) must she lose?
    1. 21
    2. 27
    3. 33
    4. 41
    5. 52

 

  1. What is a characteristic of excess intra-abdominal fat?
    1. It is more common in women than men.
    2. It has been proven to be a poorer indicator of degenerative diseases than the BMI.
    3. Some (but not all) research suggests that it is more harmful than fat in other locations.
    4. It is associated with increased risk for heart disease and diabetes in men but not in women.
    5. It bears very little relationship to heart disease or diabetes but is importantly associated with certain cancers.

 

  1. Which of the following defines central obesity?
    1. Accumulation of fat during the mid-years of life
    2. Storage of excess fat around the trunk of the body
    3. Over-fatness due to a large number of interacting behavioral problems
    4. Over-fatness due to reliance on high-fat foods as a central part of the diet
    5. Obesity determined primarily by genetic factors and only slightly by diet and exercise

 

  1. Which measurement can be used to gauge the amount of a person's abdominal fat?
    1. BMI
    2. Essential body fat
    3. Hydrodensitometry
    4. Waist circumference
    5. Adaptive thermogenesis efficiency
  2. According to much research, in what region of the body is the storage of excess body fat associated with the highest risks for cardiovascular disease?
    1. Neck
    2. Abdomen
    3. Hips and thighs
    4. Arms and shoulders
    5. Legs and feet

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