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Homework answers / question archive / 1)Sternberg’s three components of the triangle together form this kind of love

1)Sternberg’s three components of the triangle together form this kind of love

Psychology

1)Sternberg’s three components of the triangle together form this kind of love.

2.  Gottman assigns this term to an understanding of the partner’s life and world.

 

3.  According to Jean Piaget, ________ thought expected in adolescence.

    1. concrete operational
    2. formal operational
    3. postoperational
    4. passive operational

 

4.  What do people in preoperational thought and formal operational thought share?

    1. They are both egocentric.
    2. They both rely primarily on deductive reasoning.
    3. They both operationalize concepts.
    4. They both depend on scripts and schemes.

 

5.  The imaginary audience involves ________, whereas the personal fable involves ________.

    1. painful awareness of others; specialness of self
    1. performance desires; specialness of self
    2. specialness of self; painful awareness of others
    1. specialness of self; performance desires

 

6.  Which of the following is NOT a component of Sternberg’s triangular theory of love?

a. passion

b. consumption

c. commitment

d. intimacy

 

7.  According to Erik Erikson, the adolescent identity crisis is:

a.   a natural and healthy part of development.

b.   an abnormal and unhealthy state that occurs when development goes awry.

c.   a simple problem to resolve for well-adjusted adolescents.

d.   something that develops when parents put too much pressure on adolescents to grow up.

 

8.   In general, for long-term relationship success, opposites attract.

   A. True   B. False

 

9.  The matching hypothesis says that we choose romantic partners:

a.  who have similar values.

b.  who are close to our level of physical attractiveness.

c.  on the basis of proximity.

d.  who have opposing personality traits.

 

10.  What is Erik Erikson’s psychosocial crisis for the person in early adulthood?

a.  identity versus identity confusion

b.  generativity versus stagnation

c.  integrity versus despair

d.  intimacy versus isolation

 

11.   “I used to have more time to think about the theoretical ideals of truth, justice, beauty, and peace, but now I have three kids, two jobs, and a huge mortgage to pay.  My ‘ideal’ now is to make it to the end of the week so I can sit in the hot tub for an hour and think about how I’ll cope with next week.”  As this statement shows, what we think about (and how we think about it) changes a good deal when we take on the responsibilities of adult life.  This is consistent with the idea that adolescents are more _____ and adults are more _____.

a.  reflective, dualistic

b.  concrete, abstract

c.  idealistic, pragmatic

d.  formal, postformal

 

12.  Which of the following is true?

a.  attachment style in early childhood generally predicts attachment style in adulthood

b.  there is little relationship between attachment styles in childhood and adulthood

c.  attachment style in early childhood predicts adult attachment style for those with

                        insecure styles only

d.  attachment style in early childhood predicts adult attachment style for those with

                        secure styles only

 

13.  According to Erik Erikson, what must individuals achieve before they can develop intimacy?

a.  an identity

b.  secure attachment

c.  self-appraisal

d.  commitment

 

14.   According to Erik Erikson, achieving intimacy means to be able to:

a.  have a sexual relationship with someone.

b.  detach your thoughts from your emotions.

c.  comfortably live in close proximity to someone.

d.  comfortably share private thoughts and experiences with someone.

 

15.  In marriages that work, the couple turn toward their friends with their concerns about the relationship in order not to burden the partner, and they blow off steam that way through complaints about the partner to their friends. 

True   False

 

16.  What is one finding about early onset of puberty for girls? Why?

 

 

17.  What is the relationship between the amygdala and the frontal lobes in early adolescence and how is that relationship manifest?

 

18.  Why is the incidence of depression believed to be higher in girls than in boys?

 

 

 

19.  What is your opinion on the legitimacy of the emerging adulthood concept for young persons living in the US?

 

 

20.  Based on the research literature that Santrock presents, what do you see as one possible positive and one possible negative for couples living together before deciding whether to marry?

 

 

21.  In marriages that work, the couple turn toward their friends with their concerns about the relationship in order not to burden the partner, and they blow off steam that way through complaints about the partner to their friends.

 

22.  A love map is an understanding of the partner’s life and world.

 

23.  Novel problem solving is typically described as _intellect.  

 

24.  Problem solving based on acquired knowledge is described as intellect.

 

25.  The seventh stage of Erikson’s psychosocial theory is characteristic of middle age and some of older age as well.  It is called 

 

 

26. What is one decline and one gain on average in midlife?

 

27.  Erikson believed that those who experienced isolation and stagnation in adulthood are more likely to experience ________ in late adulthood.

    1. despair
    2. inferiority
    3. shame and doubt
    4. identity diffusion

 

28. Erikson believed that elderly adults use their impending death as a motivation to look back and evaluate their life. This form of retrospection is what many theorists call:

    1. life review.
    2. identity resolution.
    3. integrity formation.
    4. retrospective spirit.

 

29.  Uncle Harry has been “losing his memory” for over a year. He also has developed some fantastic ideas about aliens taking over the government, and on some occasions he requires visitors to “give the password” before letting them into his apartment. Uncle Harry appears to have:

a.  dementia.

b.  major depression.

c.  an anxiety disorder.

d. excess acetylcholine.

 

30.  The theory that throughout the lifespan we make choices between knowledge-related and emotion-related activity is the ___ theory.

a. convoy

b. socioemotional selectivity

c. activity

d.  selective optimization with compensation

 

31.  Whereas cognitive ________ appears to decline in old age, cognitive ________ appears to remain constant or increase.

a. mechanics; pragmatics

b. pragmatics; mechanics

c. pragmatics; reasoning

d. learning; reasoning

 

32. Eighty-year-old Ms. X has difficulty remembering to call her son every Sunday at noon. This is likely due to a decline in her:

a. perceptual speed.

b. episodic memory.

c. implicit memory.

d. prospective memory.

 

33. One of the most common language difficulties that older adults experience is:

a. expressive aphasia

b. stuttering.

c. making up new words that other people don’t understand.

d. tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon.

 

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