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Homework answers / question archive / EACH DISCUSSION PAPER SHOULD BE 1 FULL PAGE AND 2 REFERENCES




Paper 1Law Enforcement Intelligence History

Based on the readings, how has the field of law enforcement intelligence changed or progressed since 1971?  Were the terror attacks of 2001 the most significant event to cause change in the field?  Give examples of progress and why these are important.  

Paper 2 Intelligence Laws and Regulations


Federal laws governing criminal justice operations in the United States are few and, in some instances, conflicting.  Restrictions are placed on some types of investigations that are absent in others, for example.  The Caprioni testimony refers to this. Other countries have centralized police powers with the ability to enact laws that guide all investigation and intelligence operations.  This past year, some jurisdictions passed laws legalizing possession and sale of marijuana, while it remains a federal violation.  Given these activities, why or why not do you think we should have national laws governing intelligence operations? 


Paper 3: Intelligence Led Policing and its Applications 

 The use of ILP in law enforcement is viewed  by some as limited to intelligence activities, but by others as more appropriately used in a much broader sense.  Based on the readings, which do you think is the more effective approach and why?  Give examples from literature and use appropriate APA citations.


Paper 4: Managing Intelligence


 While adopting change in police agencies (and other organizations) is often assisted by training as a catalyst, few changes that are not strongly endorsed by management survive.  Given the results of Ratcliffe's and Phillips' research, is ILP receiving the support it needs from executives?  State why or why not and cite examples.  Use APA citations.


Paper 5 Collection, Dissemination and Jurisdiction


One of our sources this week talks about behavioral recognition, facial recognition, wide-area surveillance, and streetlights with recording capabilities (Chen, 2014). Some of this brings to mind the current TV show, "Person of Interest" in which every movement of individuals is tracked and stored in a giant computer.

Is this level of information collection acceptable?  Should there be greater constraints on these emerging technologies to ensure individual privacy? What about our right to "plead the fifth" and not incriminate ourselves?  When should these rights be waived and at what level of threat to our security?

Paper 6 Analysis and Threat Assessments


The CISC Integreated Threat Assessment Methodology (2007, p. 8) shows a Criminal Group Inventory Matrix with four groups assessed on the following factors:  territory, market/submarket, criminal roles, money laundering, and criminal scope (geographic range).  What other factors do you think would be valid to assess a criminal group and why?  Give at least one example of a group, with APA citations.


Paper 7 Comparison of Strategies


This week's readings and lecture look at varied policing strategies in use today:  intelligence led, community oriented, predictive, and problem oriented policing along with COMPSTAT. But all these have some similarities and differences.  Reflect on these, note them (with proper citations), and their comparisons and contrasts.  Can they work in tandem or are any mutually exclusive?


Paper 8: Fusion Centers and Information Sharing


In "Rethinking the Purpose of Fusion Centers", Ray Guidetti says they should "Harness information from state and local partners to provide strategic, operational and tactical intelligence and provide a level of analytic services to agencies that have none" (Guidetti, 2010, p. 3).  This level of analytic activity would support the intelligence led policing model. To your knowledge, has this occurred?


Paper 9: ILP and Organized Crime


Organized Crime is viewed as a serious threat to stability in nations around the world.  Much work has been done to arrest and prosecute those involved in organized crime groups but less has been done of a proactive nature.

Given that this is a class on proactive intelligence-led policing, what aspects of ILP do you think would be most effective in the prevention and mitigation of organized crime?  Remember to use some current or previous readings and cite them properly.


Paper 10: ILP and Cyber Criminals


Cyber Crime and privacy concerns seem to be a flashpoint today.  The CISA referred to in this week's reading has its supporters and its detractors.  The detractors call it a 'surveillance' bill, while the supporters call it a 'computer security' bill.  Which do you think it should be called and why?  A link to the bill is found in this week's lecture if you want to check out its provisions for yourself


Paper 11 Discussion: ILP and Home Grown Terrorism


From Ted Kazinsky, the Unibomber, to the North Virginia Five, home grown extremists have been constant in American society.  But today's environment seems to include factors that encourage, more than ever, extremism worldwide.  From the readings and any other sources at your disposal, enumerate what some of these factors are (with appropriate citations) and what factors that might mitigate against home grown terrorism in the U.S. might be.


Paper 12: ILP Today and Tomorow 

If you were the "chief of chiefs" in the U.S. and could dictate what policing strategy was in use, given what you've learned about ILP, community policing, predictive policing and the rest, which strategy would you implement?  You can choose a straight strategy or you can blend a few.  Why would you choose that strategy and not others?  Please document your choice with examples of successes known or (if a new blend of strategies) what you would anticipate would occur, based on previously reported successes for that type of strategy.









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