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Homework answers / question archive / Chapter 9—Increasing Conflict and War, 1805-1815   MULTIPLE CHOICE       1)   Tenskwatawa taught that Indians should: a

Chapter 9—Increasing Conflict and War, 1805-1815   MULTIPLE CHOICE       1)   Tenskwatawa taught that Indians should: a

History

Chapter 9—Increasing Conflict and War, 1805-1815

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

    1)   Tenskwatawa taught that Indians should:

a.

embrace white culture.

b.

take their case against white encroachment to the Supreme Court.

c.

move further west.

d.

stop interacting with whites.

 

 

 

     2.   The Tertium Quids were:

a.

New England Federalists who desired to secede from the Union.

b.

antislavery southerners.

c.

Republicans who were disenchanted with Thomas Jefferson.

d.

westerners seeking cheap land.

 

 

 

     3.   Why did Aaron Burr kill Alexander Hamilton?

a.

Burr discovered Hamilton was involved with his mistress.

b.

Hamilton's criticisms helped defeat him in New York's governor's race.

c.

Hamilton attacked Burr, who acted in self-defense.

d.

No one really knows; there was no provocation.

 

 

 

     4.   In Aaron Burr's conspiracy case, Chief Justice John Marshall took a position of:

a.

strict constitutional constructionism.

b.

broad constructionism.

c.

executive privilege.

d.

state's rights.

 

 

 

     5.   During the war between France and England, Americans intended to:

a.

profit by trading with both.

b.

remain neutral and have nothing to do with either side.

c.

seize portions of each nation's Caribbean empire.

d.

side with whichever nation was losing and prolong the war.

 

 

 

     6.   What British act served to strain British relations with the United States?

a.

The British established an embargo on trade with the United States.

b.

The British said they would accept goods made in France, but not the United States.

c.

The British persisted in smuggling contraband into the United States.

d.

The British abducted 8,000 sailors from American ships.

 

 

 

 

 

     7.   After 1805, military deadlock in Europe

a.

created new economic opportunities for American merchants.

b.

raised the specter of American involvement in the European wars.

c.

increased pressure on the American position of neutrality.

d.

had no effect on American politics.

 

 

 

     8.   When it became clear to Thomas Jefferson that the European powers were not going to respect American neutrality, in 1808, he:

a.

allied the United States with France.

b.

declared war on both England and France.

c.

banned American trade with Europe.

d.

expelled French and British citizens from America.

 

 

 

     9.   The economic effects of the Embargo Act were most keenly felt in:

a.

the North.

b.

the West.

c.

the South.

d.

All sections of the country suffered about equally.

 

 

 

   10.   All of the following happened as a result of the embargo act, EXCEPT:

a.

the price of virtually every consumer good went down.

b.

1200 New Yorkers ended up in debtor's prison.

c.

wholesale prices for agricultural products spiraled downward.

d.

tobacco prices declined.

 

 

 

   11.   The Prophet Tenskwatawa preached all of the following, EXCEPT:

a.

ethnic pride.

b.

nonviolence.

c.

united resistance against white expansion

d.

peaceful assimilation

 

 

 

   12.   William Henry Harrison believed Tecumseh was a:

a.

potential ally.

b.

fool.

c.

half-breed white.

d.

British spy.

 

 

 

   13.   For William Henry Harrison and men like him, why were the Indians and the British linked together in their thinking?

a.

Both opposed the French.

b.

The British forced Indians into slavery.

c.

Both sought to dominate Canada.

d.

Both were seen as obstacles to U.S. control of all of North America.

 

 

   14.   The Non-Intercourse Act:

a.

prevented Indian-white marriages.

b.

created deep divisions within the Republican Party.

c.

prevented Federalists from winning elections at any level.

d.

forbade trade only with England and France.

 

 

 

   15.   Macon's Bill No. 2 states that:

a.

Americans may trade with either England or France, but not both.

b.

Americans may not trade with England or France.

c.

if France or England lifts its blockade, the United States will stop trading with the other.

d.

there will be no restrictions on American trade.

 

 

 

   16.   War Hawks wished for a war with Great Britain for all of the following reasons, EXCEPT:

a.

The seizure of Canada would provide access to timber and furs.

b.

Canada would open up rich agricultural lands for American settlement.

c.

A war would allow Americans to avenge brutalities suffered at the hands of the British in the Revolutionary War.

d.

Seizure of Canada would secure American control of the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River.

 

 

 

   17.   What preceded an angry meeting between Tecumseh and William Henry Harrison in Vincennes in 1810?

a.

U.S. officials had bribed Indian leaders into selling 3 million acres of land.

b.

Tecumseh's allies had launched several attacks on white settlers on the frontier.

c.

Tecumseh had publicly called Harrison a man with a "forked tongue."

d.

Harrison had accused Tecumseh of cowardice.

 

 

 

   18.   The Battle of Tippecanoe helped push the United States into the War of 1812 because:

a.

American forces attacked British soldiers in the area.

b.

many westerners believed Tecumseh's uncompromising stand was supported by the British.

c.

the British declared war based on their treaty with Tecumseh.

d.

it forced the United States to build a large army.

 

 

 

 

 

   19.   When it came to the final vote on the war bill in 1812, heavily Federalist regions that depended the most on overseas trade

a.

expectedly voted for war.

b.

surprisingly voted against war.

c.

bullied western and southern representatives to vote in favor of the bill.

d.

were exempted from the vote because of their clear partisanship for military action.

 

 

 

   20.   Which statement best describes the naval war during the year of 1812?

a.

Americans won a series of victories that helped boost the nation's morale.

b.

Incompetent leadership destroyed the American fleet.

c.

The regular navy won occasional victories, but the privateers were helpless.

d.

The British overwhelmed the weaker and inferior American fleet.

 

 

 

   21.   Despite a rough start to the war, the election of 1812 revealed:

a.

that most southerners opposed the war with Britain.

b.

pro-war spirit among New Englanders.

c.

that the South and the West continued to support the war.

d.

that a war can boost a sitting president's popularity.

 

 

 

   22.   The force that relieved William Henry Harrison at Fort Meigs:

a.

also opened an invasion route to Canada.

b.

lost half its men pursuing the retreating enemy.

c.

impressed Harrison with its campaigning.

d.

was trapped before reaching Harrison's position.

 

 

 

   23.   Oliver Hazard Perry made his reputation during the War of 1812 as:

a.

the man who killed Tecumseh.

b.

the chief negotiator during peace talks.

c.

the "second Benedict Arnold."

d.

a naval commander on Lake Erie.

 

 

 

   24.   Federalists called Madison's Embargo of 1813

a.

an assault on Republicanism.

b.

an act of true patriotism.

c.

an engine of tyranny.

d.

a cause for secession.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   25.   Fought after the war was over, the most successful battle fought by the Americans during the War of 1812 was the:

a.

Battle of Baltimore.

b.

Battle of New Orleans.

c.

Battle of Toronto.

d.

Battle of Mississippi.

 

 

 

   26.   A positive effect on the United States resulting from the War of 1812 was:

a.

a new sense of pride and purpose.

b.

stimulated economic growth.

c.

a big boost to the New England and New York economies.

d.

whites' views toward Indians liberalized.

 

 

 

   27.   What new avenue of economic expansion opened as a result of the War of 1812?

a.

Americans started to make more textiles.

b.

America became the center of the slave trade.

c.

Cotton production expanded into Florida.

d.

British troops provided a market for American-made goods.

 

 

 

   28.   What happened as a result of Napoleon's defeat in March 1814?

a.

American textile manufacturers could now finally export to France.

b.

A flood of combat-hardened British veterans arrived in North America, threatening the survival of the United States.

c.

The United States lost its most important military ally in its battle against Britain.

d.

Napoleon's defeat had no impact on the United States.

 

 

 

   29.   The Battle of Horseshoe Bend:

a.

crippled Indian resistance in the South.

b.

ended American dreams of a southwestern empire.

c.

saw British and Americans fighting side by side.

d.

was the last battle in the Southwest.

 

 

 

   30.   Which statement best describes Andrew Jackson's defense of New Orleans?

a.

The local militia had done such an effective job there was little for him to do.

b.

He ignored community protests and accepted a company of river pirates.

c.

He accepted white volunteers but rejected black troops.

d.

It proved unnecessary because the British withdrew from the area.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   31.   In the battle of Horseshoe Bend:

a.

Jackson's force trapped the Creeks and crippled Indian resistance in the South.

b.

Jackson held back a British offensive on New Orleans.

c.

Creek Indians defeated the British.

d.

Jackson suffered an embarrassing defeat.

 

 

 

   32.   The Treaty of Ghent, ending the War of 1812:

a.

simply restored diplomatic relations to what they had been before the war.

b.

granted Americans trading rights in Canada.

c.

contained a British promise to end impressment.

d.

required the United States to set aside land for Britain's Indian allies.

 

 

 

   33.   The embargo forced American manufacturers to:

a.

turn to importing goods rather than producing their own.

b.

mechanize production to increase output.

c.

reduce their operations.

d.

invest in railroad construction.

 

 

 

   34.   Francis Cabot Lowell:

a.

built the first commercially viable steamboat.

b.

developed the process of using interchangeable parts.

c.

rebuilt the Bank of the United States.

d.

put all phases of making cloth under a single roof.

 

 

 

   35.   In the years immediately after the War of 1812, big business found wealth in the West via the:

a.

grain trade.

b.

newly developed railroads.

c.

fur trade.

d.

discovery of gold.

 

 

   36.   What event removed the final major threat of Indian resistance in the South?

a.

The invention of the cotton gin

b.

The defeat of the Seminoles in Florida

c.

The massacre of the Red Stick Creeks

d.

The killing of Tecumseh

 

 

 

   37.   Eli Whitney's cotton gin was important because it:

a.

eliminated the British monopoly on processing cotton.

b.

reduced the need for slave labor.

c.

made short-staple cotton cost-effective.

d.

gave all regions of the country an incentive to grow cotton.

 

 

 

   38.   The expansion of cotton production caused all of the following, EXCEPT:

a.

It prompted the extension of slavery.

b.

It resulted in substantial changes in the institution of slavery itself.

c.

It led to slaves being regimented like machines - in tempo with the demands of cotton production.

d.

It resulted in a much larger variety of tasks and skills for slaves.

 

 

 

   39.   In their running war of words, Tecumseh tried to convince William Henry Harrison that:

a.

Indian tribes were a patchwork of nations.

b.

if left alone, Indians would become independent farmers like the whites.

c.

Indians would gladly sell their land at the right price.

d.

Indians constituted a single people.

 

 

ESSAY

 

   40.   How did the conflict with Britain leading up to the War of 1812 divide America?

 

 

   41.   What was Tecumseh trying to accomplish?

 

 

   42.   Why did the United States almost lose the War of 1812, and how did it ultimately escape defeat?

 

 

   43.   In what ways did the War of 1812 lay the groundwork for postwar economic growth?

 

   44.   Why did Indians have increasing difficulty defending their lands as the 19th century opened and progressed?

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