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## Equity (Connect, Perform)

© Maria R. T. Deseo/PhotoEdit Inc.

Management in Life

Imagine you are hanging out on the sofa, enjoying a little TV. As you sit there, you think about your last conversation with your mom. She decided to set up a work schedule for you, your brother, and your sister, and now a “Household Chores” list hangs in the kitchen. Each person in your family will have a specific chore to do every week: doing the dishes, raking the lawn, taking out the garbage, and so forth.

Pretty soon your sister, Diana, walks into the room. She has a huge smile on her face.

You:

Hey, Diana, what’s up? Why are you so happy?

Diana:

Did you see the chore list for this week? All I have to do is rake leaves. You have to do the dishes all week! What a sweet deal!

You:

What’s so good about raking leaves?

Diana:

Are you kidding? I get to be outside, it’ll take an hour at the most, and I can have my friends over while I work. Myoutcomes

are much lower than yours, and you know it! And since I get the same allowance you do, ourinputs

are equal!

Points:

0 / 1

You:

Wait, what? Thanks for helping me to recognize howequitable

this situation is!

Points:

0 / 1

Close Explanation

Explanation:

Outcomes are the rewards you receive from work. They include pay, recognition, and even the satisfaction you get from doing work you enjoy. Inputs are the things you bring to work. They include how much effort you put into your work, your levels of experience and education, and your skill levels. In this case, Diana’s outcomes are high, while her inputs are low. However, your inputs are high, while your outcomes are equal to Diana’s, which is likely to be interpreted as inequitable.

According to equity theory, what is Diana likely to do in this situation?  Check all that apply.

Decide that raking leaves is harder than she thought it was initially

Not rake any leaves at all

Work harder at raking leaves

Request an increase in her allowance

Points:

0.25 / 1

Close Explanation

Explanation:

People are driven to reduce inequity, and in this case, Diana may increase her inputs by working harder at raking leaves or deciding that leaf raking is harder than she originally thought. In work settings, when people are overrewarded, they may work harder, put in more social effort (become more of a team player), or change their perceptions of their peers (thinking that their peers do not put in the inputs to deserve the outcomes they are getting). It is important for managers to understand that perceptions of equity and inequity are very personal. For this reason, managers have to be proactive in determining how employees feel about their inputs and outcomes and to take steps to make things equitable whenever possible.