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Homework answers / question archive / Florida International University FIN 3403 Chapter 2 Study Guide 1)____________________work On Crimes and Punishment is the classic Enlightenment study of criminology

Florida International University FIN 3403 Chapter 2 Study Guide 1)____________________work On Crimes and Punishment is the classic Enlightenment study of criminology

Economics

Florida International University

FIN 3403

Chapter 2 Study Guide

1)____________________work On Crimes and Punishment is the classic Enlightenment study of criminology. (p. 26)

 

a.            Cesare Beccaria

b.            KarlMarx

c.             Cesare Lombroso

d.            D. Douglas Bodero

 

2.                           criminology focuses on the common actions of lawbreakers.

 

a.            Practical

b.            Political

c.             Legal

d.            Historical

 

3.                           is considered a founding father of criminology. (p. 26)

 

a.            Max Weber

b.            Bruce Hoffman c. Cesare Beccaria

d. Karl Marx

 

4.            According to       , terrorists seldom behave like normative street criminals.

 

a.            Cesare Beccaria

b.            KarlMarx

 

c.             Cesare Lombroso d. D. Douglas Bodrero

 

5.            Which of the following is not true of criminals?

 

a.            They are opportunistic. (True)

b.            They plan their schemes extensively. (False)

c.             They are not committed to a cause. (True)

d.            They are unfocused. (True)

 

6.            Which of the following is not true of terrorists?

 

a.            They focus their action towards a goal. (True)

b.            They are dedicated to a cause. (True)

c.             They run when confronted with force. (False)

d.            They rehearse and prepare for actions. (True)

 

7.            Terrorists may select targets of opportunity, but the target has a primarily          

value.

 

a.            financial

b.            religious c. symbolic

d. military

 

8.                           and        are the primary influences upon single-event terrorists such as suicide bombers.

 

a.            Politics, cultural paradigms

b.            Religion, economics

c.             Social structure, ideology d. Ideology, religion

 

9.                           , as used by John Horgan, refers to the psychological and social factors that motivate people to join and remain in terrorist groups.

 

a.            Practical criminology b. Routes to terrorism

c.             Organizational framework

d.            Absolute terrorist strategy

 

10.                         refers to the psychological process of adopting extremist positions.

 

a.            Radicalization

b.            Routes to terrorism

c.             Violent radicalization

 

d.            Militant radicalization

 

11.                         refers to the process of adopting extremist positions and engaging in violence based on a new set of beliefs.

 

a.            Radicalization

b.            Routes to terrorism c. Violent radicalization

d. Militant radicalization

 

12.                         refers to when an individual or group becomes lost in the dominant social world.

 

a.            Radicalization. b. Alienation

c.             Militarization

d.            Anti-socialization

 

13.          According to Sageman, what is the first step of radicalization?

 

a.            Alienation

b.            Meeting

c.             Gravitation towards religion

d.            Meeting a terrorist contact

 

14.          According to Ryan, which of the following does not result in radicalization?

 

a.            Persecution

b.            Precedent

c.             Piety

d.            Prosecution

 

15.          Gerald Post reports that radicalization is passed on through         . (page 36)

 

a.            social processes b. generations

c.             missionary activity

d.            political groups

 

16.          According to Solomon, the sources of radicalization are to be found in militants who misinterpret             .

 

a.            politics b. religion

c.             economics

 

d.            education

 

17.          Which of the following terrorist organizations was a violent domestic extremist group that conducted a number of bomb attacks from 1969-1975?

 

a.            The Weather Underground

b.            Kurdistan Workers’ Party

c.             Ku Klux Klan

d.            Irish Republican Army

 

18.          Which of the following is NOT a basis for one of the three dominant models surrounding research in radicalization?

 

a.            Social and economic deprivation (first model)

b.            Long-term learning (second model)

c.             Psychological interpretations (third model) d. Political oppression

 

19.          The New York Times reports that most international attacks against the United States in the twenty-first century have come from               (Mackey, 2010).

 

a.            well-educated terrorists from the middle class

b.            poorly-educated terrorists from the middle class

c.             well-educated terrorists from the upper class

d.            poorly-educated terrorists from the lower class

 

20.                         is a mode of problem solving based on consensus.

 

a.            Groupthink

b.            Conformity think

c.             Social thought

d.            Group decision making

 

21.          According to a federal indictment, Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab committed which terrorist offense?

 

a.            Oklahoma City Bombing

b.            Attempted to detonate explosives hidden in his underwear on a Northwest Airliner

c.             Attempted to detonate explosives hidden in his shoe on a Northwest Airliner

d.            Boston Marathon bombing

 

22.                         was an American white supremacist and anti-Semite who entered the Holocaust Museaum and began shooting, eventually killing a security officer. (p. 35)

 

a.            Umar Farouk Abdulmutallab

 

b.            Timothy McVeigh

c.             BillAyers

d.            James W. von Brunn

 

23.          Dzhokhar Tsarnaev and Tamerlan Tsarnaev are responsible for which of the following terrorist attacks? (p. 35)

 

a.            Oklahoma City Bombing

b.            Colorado Planned Parenthood shooting

c.             San Bernardino shooting d. Boston Marathon bombing

 

24.          Which of the following is not true of individuals engaged in radicalization? (p. 36)

 

a.            Middle-class background (true)

b.            Anger (true)

c.             Alienation (true) d. Conformity

 

25.          Which of the following is not a distinctive form of behavior with regards to religious radicalization? (p. 37)

 

a.            Literalist interpretation of religion (yes) b. Passivism

c.             Trusting only selected radical sources of theological information (yes)

d.            Tolerate no deviance from their interpretation (yes)

 

26.          People being radicalized in Islam accept the idea of         and they believe that the West is at war with Islam. (p. 37)

 

a.            the clash of civilizations

b.            cultural paradigms

c.             social processes

d.            radicalization

27.          Many terrorism analysts began looking at radicalization and alienation in the first part of the twenty-first century? their focus tended to be on individuals attracted to

                extremism. (p. 30)

 

a.            Islamic

b.            Christian

c.             Jewish

d.            Hindu

 

28.          Mark Hamm has uncovered processes and stages for conversion to, immersion in, and acceptance of violent radical philosophies or religions within: (p. 38)

 

a.            prison walls

 

b.            shopping centers

c.             the media

d.            the school system

 

29.          Mark Hamm argues that for groups being radicalized in prison, the recruitment process is similar to procedures used by: (p. 38)

 

a.            fraternities

b.            sport teams c. street gangs

d. social clubs

 

30.          According to Mark Hamm, which of the following is not a way that an inmate may be recruited and radicalized? (p. 38)

 

a.            Crisis convert (first common pattern) b. Alienated convert

c.             Protecting-seeking convert (second common pattern)

d.            Manipulating convert (fourth common pattern)

 

31.          Which of the following is not a component of the United Kingdom’s Prison Service program to prevent radicalization? (p. 39)

 

a.            Monitoring the behavior of outside chaplains (yes) b. Monitoring visitations from family

c.             Isolate inmates who champion radical ideas (yes)

d.            Search for the presence of radicalization (yes)

 

32.          According to Pickering, what is the best preventative approach to inmate radicalization? (p. 39)

 

a.            Monitoring the behavior of outside chaplains b. Standard inmate monitoring

c.             Isolation

d.            Searching for the presence of radicalization

33.A       A prison inmate joining a radical terrorist group out of fear is referred to as a

                convert. (p. 39)

 

a.            crisis

b.            protection-seeking

c.             free-world

d.            searching

 

34.          Which of the following is NOT one of the three major identifications of prison radicalization “converts”? (p. 39)

 

a.            Islamic extremism (yes)

 

b.            Christian extremists who use selected biblical passages to justify their views (yes)

c.             White supremacists who have adopted the Norse pantheon (yes) d. Left-wing extremism

 

35.          Prison official so often equate radicalization with the fear of       , thereby treating specific followers of the religion poorly as a result. (p. 40)

 

a.            Islam

b.            Christianity

c.             Buddhism

d.            Judaism

 

36.          The        is a federal agency created in 2004 to integrate all information gathered on international terrorism. (p. 41)

 

a.            Department of Homeland Security

b.            Federation of Law Enforcement c. National Counterterrorism Center

d. Joint Terrorism Task Forces

 

37.          From the perspective of               , some practitioners believe that research in radicalization and alienation will produce valuable knowledge. (p. 41)

 

a.            practical criminology

b.            critical criminology

c.             social criminology

d.            traditional criminology

 

38.          Which of the following is not a concern of law enforcement and related security operations? (p. 43)

 

a.            Individuals using terrorist tactics

b.            Small groups using terrorism as a strategy

c.             Terrorist tactics used to support guerrilla warfare d. School bullying

 

39.                         inspired anti-imperial violence after WWII, and his influence remained with Western ideological groups in the 1960s and 1970s. (p. 44)

 

a.            Guevara b. Fanon

c.             Marighella

d.            Marx

 

40.                         popularized urban terrorism as a method for ending repression and eliminating U.S. domination of Latin America. (p. 45)

 

a.            Guevara

b.            Fanon

c.             Marighella

d.            Marx

 

41.                         advocated guerrilla revolutions throughout Latin America after success in the Cuban Revolution. (p. 48)

 

a.            Guevara

b.            Fanon

c.             Marighella

d.            Marx

 

42.          The most difficult type of terrorists to deter or detain are             . (p. 43)

 

a.            lone wolves

b.            jihadists

c.             separatist revolutionaries

d.            narco-terrorists

 

43.          It can be argued that religion often helps to produce the              , a person striking out with an ideology but no group. (p. 28)

 

a.            crazed avenger

b.            solitary avenger

c.             independent avenger d. lone wolf avenger

44.          Lone wolves are best countered by: (p. 49)

 

a.            routine law enforcement

b.            shared intelligence

c.             regional task forces

d.            military force

 

45.          After conferring with several like-minded extremists, a suspect places a bomb under the seat of local politician. The suspect would most accurately be classified as a(n)

                .

 

a.            criminal b. terrorist

c.             lone-wolf avenger

d.            anarchist

 

46.A       A reclusive individual leaves home following a television documentary on the biblical sins of man over the ages. He decides to shoot randomly at persons in his neighborhood as he claims he was inspired by the show to “cleanse the area”. The suspect would most accurately be classified as a(n)         .

 

a.            criminal

b.            terrorist

c.             lone-wolf avenger

d.            anarchist

 

47.A       A group of armed and dangerous teenagers are returning home late at night and come across several seemingly unoccupied homes. They enter one home and before taking numerous valuable, spray paint racial slurs on the walls. The suspects would most accurately be classified as             .

 

a.            criminals

b.            terrorists

c.             lone-wolf avengers

d.            anarchists

 

48.          Buford Furrow (entered a Jewish day care center in August 1999 and began shooting people) would most accurately be classified as a(n)   . (p. 43)

 

a.            criminal

b.            terrorist

c.             lone-wolf avenger

d.            anarchist

 

 

 

 

 

 

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