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Homework answers / question archive / University of Texas, Rio Grande Valley - SOCIOLOGY 1301 CHAPTER 3: Socialization, the Life Course, and Aging MULTIPLE CHOICE 1)Someone claims that socialization only takes place during infancy; a sociologist would counter this by saying socialization takes place when? in adulthood                                            c

University of Texas, Rio Grande Valley - SOCIOLOGY 1301 CHAPTER 3: Socialization, the Life Course, and Aging MULTIPLE CHOICE 1)Someone claims that socialization only takes place during infancy; a sociologist would counter this by saying socialization takes place when? in adulthood                                            c


University of Texas, Rio Grande Valley - SOCIOLOGY 1301

CHAPTER 3: Socialization, the Life Course, and Aging


1)Someone claims that socialization only takes place during infancy; a sociologist would counter this by saying socialization takes place when?

    1. in adulthood                                            c.   during young adulthood
    2. in childhood                                            d. throughout our entire lives



  1. At Sally’s birthday party, her mother reminded her to say “thank you” every time she opened a present from a friend. Sally’s mom was engaging in the process of:
    1. ageism.                                                   c.   life course development.
    2. socialization.                                           d. resocialization.



  1. Katya, a five-year-old girl, entered her classroom on the first day of school and began running around screaming. Her teacher told her to take a seat and sit quietly since class was starting. What process was occurring during this interaction?
    1. ageism                                                    c.   life course development
    2. socialization                                            d. resocialization



  1. A social worker discovers a thirteen-year-old girl living in complete isolation. Psychologists find that she is generally incapable of using language. After some months, she slowly learns how to dress herself, but her communication skills remain poor compared with others in her age group. The girl’s experiences show that humans cannot be socialized without:
    1. regular social interaction with others.
    2. proper medical treatment.
    3. peers to emulate and learn from.
    4. access to schooling and formal education.



  1. For hundreds of years, U.S. society has been stratified by social class, including through different access to wealth, values, and tastes. This process is known as:
    1. social dominance.                                   c.   social reproduction.
    2. structured time flow.                              d. biological reproduction.



  1. Socialization is the process by which members of society learn the norms and values of society, thereby allowing the society to         over time.
    1. socially reproduce itself                         c.   have conflict among the generations
    2. drastically change itself                          d. biologically reproduce itself




  1. All social science theories of child socialization emphasize:
    1. that socialization occurs between the ages five and fourteen.
    2. the significance of brain development.
    3. the role of genetics.
    4. the importance of human contact.



  1. One of the most distinctive features of human beings compared with other animals is:
    1. our self-awareness, or the sense that one has an identity distinct and separate from others.
    2. the short time that we raise our children.
    3. how much we socialize with other members of our species.
    4. our ability to live in isolation.



  1. According to George Herbert Mead, children develop as social beings by imitating those around them. Which example would he most likely use to elaborate this point?
    1. Fatima, learning at school                      c.   Marcus, reading a book
    2. Connie, playing piano                             d. Jamel, playing with friends



  1. Alyssa likes to pretend that she is a doctor. She uses her mother’s thermometer to take the temperature of her stuffed animals and then gives them “medicine” with a teaspoon. George Herbert Mead would say that she is:
    1. developing a self-consciousness.            c.   being egocentric.
    2. taking on the role of the other.              d. developing a social self.



  1. According to George Herbert Mead, children develop a sense of self by:
    1. going through distinct stages of sensorimotor development.
    2. going to school and learning to read.
    3. going to church and gaining a soul.
    4. imitating other people.



  1. When Jorge was young, he liked to paint his toenails pink with his sister. On the first day he started kindergarten, the other kids laughed at him and told him that he was acting like a girl with his toenails painted pink. Once he got home he took the nail polish off so that the kids would no longer make fun of him. According to George Herbert Mead’s theory of socialization, Jorge now saw himself through the eyes of others who thought that boys are not supposed to wear nail polish. In other words, Jorge developed:
    1. an “I.”                                                      c.   a social consciousness.
    2. his concrete operational stage.              d. an ego.




  1. According to George Herbert Mead’s theory of socialization, children are not born with   but learn to acquire                       through socialization.
    1. a soul; an identity                                   c.   social consciousness; a social self
    2. intelligence; an identity                          d. an ego; a self



  1. At nine years old, Arjun began playing organized sports, learning that teams are supposed to play by the rules of the game. According to George Herbert Mead, Arjun is developing an understanding of:
    1. the “I.”                                                    c.   the generalized other.
    2. the “me.”                                                d. socialization.



  1. What would sociologists conclude is one difficulty that arises when applying Jean Piaget’s approach to the study of child development to all children across all societies and cultures?
    1. In American culture, the family is far more important than any other agent of socialization.
    2. Schooling is far more important than the family in the concrete operational stage.
    3. Piaget underestimated the role of the ego in children.
    4. The stages of cognitive development may not always follow a smooth and progressive path.



  1. Marika often likes to pretend that the household broom is a pony named Lucy. Piaget would argue that Marika is participating in which stage of cognitive development?
    1. egocentric stage                                     c.   sensorimotor stage
    2. preoperational stage                              d. concrete operational stage



  1. At age three Emily was beginning to master her spoken language, but she was also able to use her hands to speak some words in sign language. According to Jean Piaget, what stage of cognitive development was Emily in?
    1. concrete operational                              c.   formal operational
    2. preoperational                                        d. egocentric



  1. In math class, eleven-year-old Dylan was asked by his teacher, “If Mary is taller than Darryl and Darryl is taller than Evan, who is the tallest?” This question perplexed Dylan, and he asked the teacher for a pen and paper to draw a picture so he could attempt to answer. Sociologists would argue that this question is too abstract for Dylan to answer, and this shows that he is in which stage of development?
    1. the egocentric stage                               c.   the concrete operational stage
    2. the formal operational stage                 d. the preoperational stage




  1. In second grade, Reina was earning A’s on her math tests, which included multiplication and division. According to Jean Piaget, what stage of cognitive development is Reina in?
    1. the preoperational stage                        c.   the formal operational stage
    2. the concrete operational stage              d. the generalized other stage



  1. Growing up in rural Idaho, there are many agents of socialization for Albert, but    is/are the most significant agent(s) of his socialization.
    1. television and magazines                       c.   friends
    2. the family                                                d. teachers



  1. For most individuals in modern society,           is/are the agent(s) of socialization that is/are most responsible for their early childhood development.
    1. their preschool                                        c.   the television
    2. their friends at school                             d. the family



  1. In our schools we learn a formal curriculum in various academic subjects. However, schools are more subtle agents of socialization. Which of the following is an example of the latent aspects of socialization in schools?
    1. teaching students proper English
    2. affecting students’ expectations of themselves
    3. teaching students the importance of math
    4. making certain that students learn proper use of the comma



  1. Devonte and Michelle have one child. This social formation is known as:
  1. a nuclear family.
  2. a normal family.




a secondary group. a peer group.





  1. According to the textbook, peer groups can be defined as social groups in which members:
    1. grew up in the same household.
    2. have the same hair color.
    3. are of similar age and social background.
    4. were born in the same country.



  1. Sal, a ten-year-old from Houston, lives with his two parents and four brothers. In addition to the family, one of the most important socializing agents for kids like Sal is/are their:
    1. extended family.                                     c.   peer groups.
    2. teachers.                                                 d. babysitters.




  1. What did researchers do to realize children are now consuming 7.5 hours of media per day?
    1. They expanded the definition of media to include music, the Internet, social networks, and video games.
    2. They looked at children from all socioeconomic backgrounds.
    3. They measured how much media children consumed at night, after their parents had gone to bed.
    4. They connected media consumption to food consumption.



  1. Chelsea started playing video games three hours a day, and her mother is scared that Chelsea’s grades will suffer as a result. Would sociologists support Chelsea’s mother’s fears?
    1. Yes, research has shown a strongly negative correlation between video games and school performance.
    2. No, research has shown a strongly positive correlation between video games and school performance.
    3. No, research shows there is no direct correlation between video games and school performance.
    4. Perhaps. Research has shown both positive and negative correlations between video games and school performance.



  1. Jesse, a server at a large chain restaurant, feels exhausted after trying to keep customers happy all day. What sociological pattern does Jesse’s experience fit into?
    1. the need to raise the minimum wage for food service workers
    2. the difficulty of men asserting their emotions
    3. the many workers who must learn how to “feel” on the job
    4. the need for the social role of service workers to garner more respect



  1. Functionalists argue that social roles:
    1. change every few generations.              c.   are the same in all societies.
    2. are related to social power.                   d. remain relatively stable.



  1. As a doctor, Ivan is expected to follow certain standards, such as keeping patient information confidential. What would a sociologist call these expectations?
    1. social outcomes                                      c.   social identities
    2. social roles                                              d. social norms



  1. According to sociologists, which of the following best describes the relationship between identity and socialization?


    1. Through socialization, individuals are robbed of their individuality and free will.
    2. Through socialization, we lose the identity we were born with.
    3. Through socialization, each person develops an identity and capacity for individual thought and action.
    4. After the age of twelve we have already been socialized into the identity that we will have for the rest of our lives.



  1. Our                identity marks the way in which we are different from others.
    1. individual                                                c.   social
    2. generalized                                             d. self-




    Sociologists argue that social and geographic mobility have affected our self-identities in which way?
    1. Our self-identities are less stable.
    2. Our self-identities are more rigid and unchanging.
    3. We have a difficult time forming self-identities.
    4. Our social identities are overwhelming our self-identities.



  1. Gender socialization begins at:
    1. infancy.                                                   c.   early adolescence.
    2. toddlerhood.                                           d. adolescence.




  1. In a 1972 study examining gender roles in children’s books, Lenore Weitzman found that females were more likely to be indoors and engaged in passive activities. What is the sociological implication of this research?
    1. Gender roles don’t solidify until most people reach their teens.
    2. Girls probably don’t enjoy outdoor or aggressive activities as much as boys.
    3. Children’s books teach important, yet subtle lessons about gender.
    4. The publishing industry is responsible for creating gender conflict in U.S. society.



  1. By what age do children generally have a partial understanding of what gender is?
    1. ten                                                           c.   five
    2. at birth                                                    d.   two



  1. In modern societies, death is most commonly associated with old age, but a few hundred years ago, death was most commonly associated with infancy. How do sociologists understand this transformation?
    1. People are generally happier in contemporary society.
    2. The life course is influenced by cultural and material circumstances.
    3. Earlier societies had an inaccurate understanding of death.
    4. Modern societies have higher health disparities across race.



  1. At the age of eight, Ricky is in school and is not required to have a job. Would expectations likely have been similar for Ricky’s great-great-grandfather?
    1. Yes, as long as Ricky and his great-great-grandfather were brought up in similar socioeconomic backgrounds.
    2. Yes, childhood has been a distinct life stage for at least 500 years.
    3. No, because the quality of education was not as good in the past.
    4. No, because childhood only became a distinct stage of the life course in contemporary society.



  1. Pointing to medieval paintings in which children were portrayed with mature faces and participating in the same work and play activities as adults, French historian Philippe Ariès made the argument that:
    1. children were considered nuisances.
    2. childhood did not exist in medieval times.
    3. children had the same rights as adults.
    4. children often married very young.



  1. Why are older adults of great interest to policy makers?
    1. Older adults tend to have a lot of money.
    2. Older adults are less likely to vote.
    3. Older adults are the life stage group seeing the greatest growth.


    1. Policy makers are more likely to be older themselves.