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Homework answers / question archive / Question 1)   Stephanie is having participants report their feelings of racism on a survey

Question 1)   Stephanie is having participants report their feelings of racism on a survey

Physics

Question 1)

 

Stephanie is having participants report their feelings of racism on a survey.  Suppose the participants do not report their true feelings but rather say they have no racis thoughts. They want to avoid potentially embarrassing responses that will make Stephanie think badly of them.  Such a problem is called

     

Answers:

 

social desirability

 

reactivity

 

ecological invalidity

 

lack of reliability

     
  • Question 2

 

   
 

Dion is testing children in his study. He takes special care to familiarize them with the experimenter, the equipment, and the procedure before he begins to collect data.  He is attempting to reduce reactivity by using

     

Answers:

experimental realism

 

 

habituation

 

unobtrusive measures

 

counterbalancing

     
  • Question 3

 

   
 

It is fairly common in psychological experiments for the researcher to conceal the purpose of the experiment from the participants.  Why does the experimenter disguise the true purpose of the study?

     

Answers:

It is unethical to allow participants in an experiment to know the purpose of the experiment

 

More particpants can be run more quickly if you do not explain the purpose of the experiment

 

 

To eliminate demand characteristics

 

To make the study more parsimonious

     
  • Question 4

 

   
 

Balancing a researcher's right to study a behavior with the right of participants to be protected from abuse is the concern of

     

Answers:

weighing the pro and cons of deception

 

demand characteristics

 

scientific fraud

 

 

research ethics

     
  • Question 5

 

   
 

In Milgram's (1963) experiments on obedience to authority, he had participants believe they were delivering shocks to a learner in the next room each time the learner made an error.  The main risk to participants in this study was

     

Answers:

physical risk

 

 

psychological risk

 

confidentiality risk

 

deception

     
  • Question 6

 

   
 

After a study, if there are any negative consequences of the procedure, the experimenter must

     

Answers:

give a formal apology

 

let the participant leave the experiment as soon as possible

 

have participants sign a disclaimer

 

 

debrief the participants

     
  • Question 7

 

   
 

The purpose of a Human Subject Review Committee or an Institutional Review board is to

     

Answers:

review a study's procedure to ensure participants are selected in an unbiased fashion.

 

review a study after it is conducted to determine whether participants were at risk.

 

assess scientific fraud

 

 

review a study's procedure to ensure ethical treatment of participants.

     
  • Question 8

 

   
 

Which of these reasons does not explain why psychologists study animals?

     

Answers:

Animals demonstrate interesting behaviors

 

 

Ethical issues are less important when studying animals

 

Models of basic aspects of behavior can be tested.

 

Findings can be generalized to the behavior of other species, including humans

     
  • Question 9

 

   
 

Science tries to prevent scientific fraud by

     

Answers:

 

peer review

 

protecting participants from research risks

 

using the scientific method

 

falsifying fraudulent findings

     
  • Question 10

 

   
 

An example of how experimenter expectancies are a problem in animal studies was demonstrated by

     

Answers:

Pavlov's experiments with his dogs

 

Skinner's work with pigeons

 

 

the case of Clever Hans

 

the case of Little Albert

     

 

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