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Homework answers / question archive / Question 1) During her first day of kindergarten, Marie does not understand how the lunch line in the cafeteria works

Question 1) During her first day of kindergarten, Marie does not understand how the lunch line in the cafeteria works

Sociology

Question 1)

During her first day of kindergarten, Marie does not understand how the lunch line in the cafeteria works. She hesitates and watches as the older kids pick up their trays and silverware and then get in line. She follows their lead and successfully buys herself lunch. Marie’s experience in the lunchroom is an example of _____.

  

Anticipatory socialization

 

  

Resocialization

 

  

The looking glass self

 

  

Socialization

 

 

Question 2

Erik Erikson’s theory explains:

 

How the actions of society help shape personalities throughout the eight basic stages of life.

 

How human sexual desire is linked to the development of a personality.

 

Why Rhesus Monkeys preferred terry cloth maternal stand-ins versus the maternal stand-ins that provided food.

 

When human moral development begins in an individual.

 

Question 3

Some sociologists have pointed out that gender roles are often determined by how a society socializes young boys and girls. Which of the following is an example of socializing a child into a gender role?

 

  

Buying Sarah a toy kitchen to play with.

 

  

Taking Jamal to the aquarium.

 

  

Letting Kim wear pants to school.

 

  

Allowing Jesus to sleep with his “blankey.”

 

 

Question 4

According to Kohlberg’s theory of moral development, when do humans begin to think about the feelings of other people and begin to see the world through other people’s eyes?

  

When they first go to school.

 

  

When they are born.

 

  

After they graduate from college.

 

  

In their teenage years

 

 

Question 5

George Herbert Mead’s specific path of development for individuals is as follows: 

 

Preparatory stage, game stage, play stage, generalized other stage

 

Game stage, play stage, generalized other stage, preparatory stage

 

Generalized other stage, preparatory stage, play stage, game stage

 

Preparatory stage, play stage, game stage, generalized other stage

 

Question 6

Émile Durkheim’s much lauded study of suicide is important to the field of sociology in many ways. One of the most influential impacts was:

 

It allowed psychology and sociology to merge into one field.

 

It earned Émile Durkheim the title “Father of Sociology” so that other sociologists would have a role model.

 

It defined the differences between sociology and psychology

 

It showed the psychological reasons for suicide to be a lie.

 

Question 7

It is parent-teacher conference day at Harvey Milk Elementary School. Jose’s teacher is anxious to meet his parents and discuss his habit of disrupting the class. When the teacher expresses her concern that Jose is not being socialized properly, his dad insists that he was the same way at Jose’s age and that disrupting the class is natural for the children in his family. Jose’s teacher and father are arguing about which fundamental sociological theory?

 

  

Nature vs. Nurture

 

  

Kohlberg’s theory of Moral Development

 

 

George Herbert Mead’s theory of self-development

  

Freud’s theory of self-development

 

 

Question 8

Parents often socialize their children to:

 

Understand and follow different norms from what they themselves follow

 

Ignore society and live alone without much interaction with other people

 

Understand and follow the same norms that they themselves follow

 

Ignore society and create their own norms and follow them regardless of consequences

 

Question 9

Education is important to society because:

 

It teaches children facts about the world in which they live.

 

It teaches children how to interact with their peers and helps them to gain social graces.

 

It teaches children how to react to authority and how to behave in group and one-on-one situations.

  

All of the answer choices are correct.

 

 

Question 10

The transition from college life to work life can be quite difficult for many young adults in the United States. Which is a possible cause for this struggle?

 

 

Many young people are in the same situation, so drawing expertise or knowledge from their experiences from peers is difficult.

 

Finding a job, renting an apartment, and being independent is a daunting task that seems insurmountable.

  

All of the answer choices are correct

 

 

The status quo has been maintained for a substantial period of time, and now the economy and government are undergoing significant changes.

 

Question 11

Liz is in her mid-eighties and is moving to a nursing home. She is used to getting up at 5 o’clock each morning and making breakfast for herself. Her new roommate likes to sleep until 7 o’clock and breakfast is not served at the nursing home until 8 o’clock. What is Liz most likely to experience through this transition?

  

A shift in her desire to enjoy life.

 

  

A complete and permanent loss of herself.

 

  

Resocialization.

 

  

A shift in her reading habits.

 

 

Question 12

Peer groups are important to adolescents because: 

 

 

They help exert dependence among adolescents.

 

 

They provide the second major socialization experience outside the realm of their families.

 

They rank higher in importance to adolescents’ than parental influence.

 

They help to develop a sense of identity separate from adolescents’ parents.

 

Question 13

In an effort to control a total institution, and to create a community of sameness, inmates are forced to strip down, be searched by police officers, and given identical uniforms before entering prison. This is an example of _______.

 

  

A degradation ceremony

 

  

A graduation ceremony

 

  

An exit test that must be passed

 

  

An entry test that must be passed

 

 

Question 14

Elizabeth, whose parents are wealthy, has been socialized to believe that she can be whoever she wants to be. Her best friend Bobby, whose parents are blue-collar workers, has been socialized to believe that hard work and following instructions is all he needs to support himself. Which sociological paradigm does this story fit?

 

  

Conflict

 

  

Symbolic Interactionism

 

  

Feminist Theory

 

  

Structural Functionalism

 

 

Question 15

Sumaira is scared that she will not find a job in the current economy. She decides to be a business major and attend one of the top business schools in the country. Upon graduation, she is hired by a major investment banking firm in New York. Sumaira has completed:

  

A degradation ceremony.

 

  

Developing her sense of morality.

 

  

Anticipatory socialization.

 

  

Developing her sense of self.

 

 

Question 16

Joseph and Paula are excited to welcome their child into the world. They cannot wait to pass on all their knowledge, insight, and rich culture. Just as their parents gave them guidance and showed them how to live, Joseph and Paula will continue the chain by handing down their societal values and thus, sustain the society they love so much. Which sociological paradigm does this story fit?

  

Conflict

 

  

Symbolic Interactionism

 

  

Structural Functionalism

 

  

Feminist Theory

 

 

Question 17

Baby Marla is always well dressed. She has ribbons, bows, and frills all over her dresses and even in her hair. Her mother, who is worried that people might mistake Marla for a little boy, is determined to communicate to the world that she has a baby girl. Which sociological paradigm does this story fit?

  

Conflict

 

  

Structural Functionalism

 

  

Exchange Theory

 

  

Symbolic Interactionism

 

 

Question 18

Ahmed has been trying to change his schedule so that he can take one more AP class his senior year in high school. He keeps running between the guidance office and the administration office to sort out the problem. Ahmed’s interaction with the school’s bureaucracy is an example of:

  

The influences of one’s peer groups

 

  

The generalized other

 

  

The influences of a total institution

 

  

The hidden curriculum of schools

 

 

Question 19

Whose study described the differences in the way that boys and girls view morality? 

  

Erik Erikson

 

  

Carol Gilligan

 

  

Lawrence Kholberg

 

  

Sigmund Freud

 

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