qualifications for members of the House of Representatives and the US Senate. Identify the term defined as the people they represent.
Explain why the US Senate is considered a continuous body.
Identify the significance of the Reapportionment Act of 1929 and explain the difference between reapportionment and redistricting.
Explain the difference between expressed and implied powers and identify the clause that is used to give congress implied powers.
Identify what motivates Congressmen to be placed on specific committees.
Identify the different TYPES of committee and explain their purpose.
Identify when a bill is sent to a conference committee.
Identify why incumbents have a tremendous advantage in elections (earmarks (pork) & casework)
What are the powers of the Speaker of the House? House Rules Committee?
Explain the different ways a Congressmen represents his/her constituents when voting on bills: trustee and instructed delegate.
Identify who controls the policy agenda in the US Senate and explain how individual Senators may attempt to stall or kill bills. Identify the significance of the cloture rule in the US Senate.
Identify the nuclear option and explain how it applies to judicial appointments.
Identify the significance of Baker v Carr (1962), and Rucho v Common Cause (2019) - be sure to address the difference between political and justiciable disputes.
Chapter 12: President
Identify the qualifications to become President and the typical characteristics of a President.
Explain how a President and Vice President are chosen when no candidate receives a majority in the Electoral College and identify the significance of the 12th amendment.
Identify the different roles of the President. Identify examples of the President fulfilling these roles.
Explain how the President uses patronage to fulfill his role as Head of Political Party.
Define pardon and reprieve.
Identify the President's official advisors and how they are chosen.
Review Roles of the President Youtube video and chapter 16 to answer the following:
List the three main provisions of the War Powers Resolution of 1973.
Explain why the War Powers Resolution has been ineffective in restraining the President's war powers.
Identify and explain the differences between executive orders, executive agreements, and executive privilege. What was the court's ruling in US v Nixon 1974?
Identify how a veto is different from a pocket veto.
Even though presidents do not have "line-item" veto power, explain how signing statements are similar.
Briefly explain the roles of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the National Security Council (NSC).
Identify the significance of the following terms relevant to the executive branch:
The impeachment process (be sure to identify which presidents have been impeached)
20th, 22nd, and 25th amendments (be sure to identify how these amendments impacted FDR, Richard Nixon, and/or Gerald Ford)
Chapter 14: The Courts
Explain how federal judges are chosen, how Senatorial courtesy can influence a judicial appointment, and identify how long a federal judge serves on the bench.
Identify and explain Federalist #78 addressing the appointment process, life tenure, and significance of the US Constitution.
What are the different types of jurisdiction a court may have?
Define "rule of 4" and explain how it is related to a writ of certiorari.
What is the major difference judicial activism and judicial restraint - how do these views apply to Earl Warren & William Rehnquist?
Explain how the following terms can affect whether or not a court hears a case:
Class action law suits, Standing to sue, criminal v civil case, justiciable v political dispute
What are the different types of courts in the federal system and what type of cases do they hear?
Define dual court system and explain how it was created by the US Constitution.
Identify the purpose of the following judicial terms:
Certiorari, Remand, Stare Decisis
Identify the role of the solicitor general and explain when this person would file an amicus curiae brief.
Identify when and why interest groups request to file an amicus curiae brief.
Identify the difference between the following opinions issued by the court when it decides a case:
Majority, Dissenting, Concurring
Identify the roles and responsibilities of the Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court.
Define judicial implementation and explain why it is a source of weakness for the courts.
California Politics & Government (Gerston text and Power point notes)
Identify and explain the type of direct primary used in California's elections.
Define initiative, referendum, and recall. Explain why there has been a dramatic increase in the number of initiatives placed on the ballot.
Explain how a government bond issued by California's government must be approved by the people.
Identify California's legislative chambers and the most powerful elected officials in both chambers.
Identify the significant change created by Proposition 11 regarding redistricting.
Explain how Proposition 20 passed two years later impacted congressional redistricting.
Identify the number of Representatives California receives in the House of Representatives.
Identify the different levels of state courts in California and explain how judges can be removed by the people and the Commission on Judicial Performers.
Identify how most criminal cases are resolved in California.
Explain when the Lieutenant Governor can become Acting Governor.
Identify the responsibilities of the California Attorney General and Secretary of State.
Explain how unincorporated areas are governed.
Identify the elected officials that govern counties.
Explain why minority leaders prefer district elections for city councils and instead of at-large elections.
Most immigrants in California emigrate from which country?