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Homework answers / question archive / PROLOGUE   Edward Titchener was concerned primarily with the study of:   The early school of psychology that used introspection was known as:   Who was the functionalist who authored a textbook for the emerging discipline of psychology:   Compared with the structuralists, early behaviorists were much less likely to focus on the study of:     Professor Schroeder argues that children have an innate concept of justice that enables them to distinguish between fair and unfair rules

PROLOGUE   Edward Titchener was concerned primarily with the study of:   The early school of psychology that used introspection was known as:   Who was the functionalist who authored a textbook for the emerging discipline of psychology:   Compared with the structuralists, early behaviorists were much less likely to focus on the study of:     Professor Schroeder argues that children have an innate concept of justice that enables them to distinguish between fair and unfair rules




  1. Edward Titchener was concerned primarily with the study of:


  1. The early school of psychology that used introspection was known as:


  1. Who was the functionalist who authored a textbook for the emerging discipline of psychology:


  1. Compared with the structuralists, early behaviorists were much less likely to focus on the study of:



  1. Professor Schroeder argues that children have an innate concept of justice that enables them to distinguish between fair and unfair rules. This argument is most consistent with the views of:


  1. In the context of debates over the origins of ideas, nature is to nurture as ________ is to Locke:


  1. Debates as to whether alcohol abuse is biologically determined or culturally influenced are most relevant to the issue of:


  1. An integrated explanation of human behavior provided by the neuroscience, cognitive, social-cultural, and other perspectives in psychology is most clearly provided by:


  1. Understanding why the fear of darkness may have contributed to the survival of our human ancestors is most relevant to the ________ perspective:


  1. Which perspective would be most helpful for understanding the role of retrieval practice on long-term memory of information:


  1. Inherited traits are to learned habits as the ________ perspective is to the ________ perspective:


  1. Basic research on persistent human traits like optimism and pessimism is most characteristic of the specialty known as ________ psychology:


  1. Professor Thurstone investigates whether a teacher's negative perceptions of some students can affect the students' test scores. Professor Thurstone is most likely a ________ psychologist:


  1. Testing your ability to recall information you have just studied improves your long-term retention of that information. Psychologists have referred to this as:


  1. To study inner sensations, images, and feelings, Edward Titchener engaged people in self-reflective:


  1. Which school of psychology was most clearly concerned with the adaptive value of complex mental processes:


  1. Wilhelm Wundt was both a:


  1. The growth potential of healthy people was emphasized by:


  1. A study of the relationship between reasoning capacities and brain functions would be of most direct interest to:


  1. The suggestion that psychology is less a set of facts than a method of evaluating ideas best highlights the ________ character of psychology:


  1. In debating the origins of human traits, Plato and Aristotle disagreed about the relative importance of:


  1. The importance of inherited behavioral traits was most clearly highlighted by:


  1. Professor Reed attempts to assess the relative contributions of heredity and home environment on children's susceptibility to depression. Her research best illustrates the concerns of the ________ perspective:


  1. Which perspective is most relevant to understanding the links between hormone levels and sexual motivation:


  1. Focusing on the extent to which personality is influenced by motives outside our own awareness is most relevant to the ________ perspective:


  1. The marriage rituals of different ethnic groups are of most relevance to the _______ perspective:


  1. Professor Helms conducts basic research on the progressive changes in infants' perceptual skills during the first year of life. Professor Helms is most likely a ________:
  2.  developmental


  1. Dr. Stevens provides psychotherapy to people who suffer from excessive anxiety. Dr. Stevens is most likely a ________ psychologist:



  1. SQ3R is an acronym for an effective:




  1. After the horror of 9/11, many people said the CIA and FBI should obviously have foreseen the likelihood of this form of terrorism. This perception most clearly illustrates:


2. When Leanne heard about drinking orange juice triggers hyperactivity in children, she questioned whether the tested children had been randomly assigned to experimental conditions. Leanne's reaction best illustrates:



  1. Stacey suggests that because children are more impulsive than adults, they will have more difficulty controlling their anger. Stacey's prediction regarding anger management is an example of:


  1. Professor Carter observes and records the behavior of grocery shoppers as they select items to purchase. Which type of research is Professor Carter using:



5 .Which method offers the most reliable way of assessing whether athletic performance is boosted by caffeine consumption:



6.In drug-treatment studies, double-blind procedures minimize outcome differences between experimental and control conditions that could be attributed to:


7.. To assess whether sense of humor is affected by sexual stimulation, researchers exposed married couples to either sexually stimulating or to sexually nonstimulating movie scenes prior to watching a comedy skit. In this research, the independent variable consisted of:


8.. In an experimental study of the extent to which mental alertness is inhibited by sleep deprivation, alertness would be the:


9.. One person in a 10-person group is 10 times older than anyone else in the group. With respect to age, it is MOST likely that the majority of group members are younger than the group's:


10. The ________ is a measure of ________: median;


11. The maximum height of a normal curve corresponds to the ________ of a normal distribution:


12. Random samples provide ________ estimates of population averages if the samples have small ________:


13. Ethical principles developed by psychologists urge investigators to:


14. Jamie and Lynn were sure that they had answered most of the multiple-choice questions correctly because "the questions required only common sense." However, they each scored less than 60% on the exam. This best illustrates

15. Psychological theories:


16. Which research method runs the greatest risk of collecting evidence that may be unrepresentative of what is generally true:


17. Every twenty-fifth person who subscribed to a weekly news magazine was contacted by market researchers to complete a survey of opinions regarding the magazine's contents. The researchers were applying the technique known as:


18. A correlation of +0.70 between children's physical height and their popularity among their peers indicates that:


19. To test the potential effect of hunger on taste sensitivity, groups of research participants are deprived of food for differing lengths of time before they engage in a taste-sensitivity test. This research is an example of:


20. Researchers control factors that might influence a dependent variable by means of:


21. In a study of factors that might affect memory, research participants were assigned to drink either an alcoholic or a nonalcoholic beverage prior to completing a memory test. Those who drank the nonalcoholic beverage were assigned to the ________ group:


22. In an experimental study of the effects of dieting on weight loss, dieting would be the:


23. In a well-controlled experiment, researchers seek to minimize:


24. Ahmed has five sisters who are 3, 3, 5, 9, and 10 years of age. The number "5" represents the ________ of the sisters' ages:


25. The ________ can be a particularly misleading indication of what is average for a ________ distribution of scores:


26. The ________ is a measure of ________:


27. Differences between two samples are LEAST likely to be statistically significant if:



28. Which of the following processes typically takes place shortly after people complete their participation in a research study:




  1. A neuron is best described as a(n):



  1. Natural, opiate-like neurotransmitters linked to pain control are called:


  1. Drugs that block the reuptake of serotonin will thereby increase the concentration of serotonin molecules in the:


  1. Botox injections smooth facial wrinkles because botulin is a(n):


  1. Which hormone enables contractions associated with birthing and milk flow during nursing:


  1. While listening to operatic solos, musicians process the lyrics and the tunes in separate brain areas. This most clearly illustrates the functioning of different:


  1. The endocrine system consists of:


  1. Which of the following would be most useful for detecting the brain areas that are most active as a person performs mathematical calculations:


  1. Which region of the brain appears to have the oldest evolutionary history:


  1. After suffering an accidental brain injury, Kira has difficulty walking in a smooth and coordinated manner. She has probably suffered damage to her:


  1. The limbic system structure that regulates hunger is called the:


  1. Which portion of the cerebral cortex is most directly involved in making plans and formulating moral judgments:


  1. The regions of the parietal lobes that are involved in mathematical and spatial reasoning are known as:


  1. The successful functioning of children who have experienced the surgical removal of an entire cerebral hemisphere best illustrates the value of:


  1. Speech is processed primarily in the right hemisphere by the ________ of those who are left-handed and by the ________ of those who are right-handed:


  1. An axon transmits messages ________ the cell body and a dendrite transmits messages ________ the cell body:


  1. To excite or inhibit an action potential in a receiving neuron, a neurotransmitter must cross the:


  1. Depressed mood states are linked to ________ levels of serotonin and ________ levels of norepinephrine:


  1. Botulin blocks the release of ACH. Botulin is best described as a(n):


  1. The peripheral nervous system consists of:


  1. The autonomic nervous system most directly controls:
  2. Although Ron has no genital sensations, he is capable of an erection if his genitals are stimulated. Ron's experience is most indicative of a:


  1. The release of epinephrine and norepinephrine ________ blood pressure and _______ blood sugar levels:


  1. To monitor the electrical activity in the brain that is triggered by hearing one's own name, researchers would make use of a(n):


  1. Research has suggested that a reward deficiency syndrome may contribute to:


  1. Which lobe of the cerebral cortex is most directly involved in speaking:


  1. The visual cortex is located in the:


  1. Following massive damage to his frontal lobes, Phineas Gage was most strikingly debilitated by:


  1. Brain scans indicate that well-practiced pianists have a larger-than-usual auditory cortex area that encodes piano sounds. This best illustrates:



  1. Research with split-brain patients suggests that the ________ typically constructs the theories people offer to explain their own behaviors:




  1. An organism's complete set of genetic instructions is called the:


  1. Compared with fraternal twins, identical twins are:


  1. Adoptive parents are LEAST likely to influence the ________ of their adopted children:


  1. Intense and reactive infants become unusually anxious and aroused when facing new or strange situations. This best illustrates the importance of:


  1. In emphasizing that heredity's effects on behavior depend on a person's home environment, psychologists are highlighting the importance of:


  1. Which of the following is a major source of genetic diversity:


  1. The prevalence of genetically predisposed traits that have a reproductive advantage is best explained in terms of:


  1. It has been suggested that older men in all cultures tend to marry women younger than themselves because men are genetically predisposed to seek female features associated with youthful fertility. This suggestion best illustrates:


  1. Premature babies are especially likely to gain weight if stimulated by:


  1. At a business meeting, people from one culture may behave in a hurried and time-conscious manner that people from another culture consider to be rude and inconsiderate. This best illustrates the importance of being sensitive to differing:


  1. Displays of self-effacing humility are most characteristic of those who value:


  1. Over the last century, Western parents have placed ________ priority on teaching children to respect and obey parents and ________ priority on teaching them loyalty to their country:


  1. Over the past decades, women have been increasingly expected to take responsibility for political leadership. This best illustrates a change in:


  1. The acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role is called:


  1. Concepts of masculinity and femininity that influence our perceptions are called gender:


  1. Studies of the relative impact of nature and nurture on human differences in aggressiveness best illustrate the research efforts of:


  1. Chromosomes are composed of:


  1. Identical twins who have separate placentas are somewhat less similar than identical twins who share a placenta. This best illustrates the influence of ________ on development:


  1. Two individuals are most likely to differ in personality if they are:
  2. Adopted children are especially likely to have similar ________ if raised in the same home:


  1. Identifying some of the specific genes that contribute to alcohol dependence would be of most direct interest to:


  1. Heritability refers to the extent to which trait variations among individuals are attributable to their differing:


  1. If chronic child abuse alters a victim's gene expression in such a fashion as to facilitate depression and suicide, this would be said to illustrate:


  1. Evolutionary psychologists attribute the human tendency to fear snakes and heights to:


  1. Teens who smoke typically have friends who smoke. To avoid overestimating the impact of peer pressure on teens' smoking habits, it would make the most sense to consider the importance of:


  1. The dramatic increase in Americans' premarital sexual activity over the past half-century best illustrates that sexual behavior is influenced by:


  1. Defining one's identity in terms of one's extended family or work group is most closely associated with:


  1. A single ________ on the ________ chromosome plays a crucial role in the prenatal development of the testes:


  1. Traditionally, men were expected to initiate dates and women to select wedding gifts. This best illustrates aspects of:


  1. Because he believes that crying is a feminine trait, 14-year-old George has difficulty admitting that a movie makes him tearful. His experience best illustrates the impact of:     


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