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Homework answers / question archive / HIS120 Inquizitive Module 2 M1A2: InQuizitive Chapter 2 The Egyptian Old Kingdom was a city-state

HIS120 Inquizitive Module 2 M1A2: InQuizitive Chapter 2 The Egyptian Old Kingdom was a city-state

History

HIS120 Inquizitive Module 2 M1A2: InQuizitive Chapter 2

  1. The Egyptian Old Kingdom was a city-state.
  2. Which of these technological developments did nomadic pastoralists transmit across Afro-Eurasia?

  3. The urban-rural divide refers to the different economic foundations underlying urban and rural societies, with rural residents working the land to produce food and livestock, while urban dwellers developed increasingly specialized skills.

  4. When archaeologists unearth an ancient city, what do differences in the sizes and contents of houses within the city reveal about that ancient society?

    the urban-rural divideterritorial states

    social hierarchiesurban planning

  5. What is the meaning of the phrase division of labor?

    It means that women within the same small family group timed their pregnancies so the community would never have too many children to support.It means that rather than each household producing the same food and goods as its neighbors, people specialized in the production of particular items, like ceramic dishes or textiles.It means that people pooled their labor together to complete the many complex and time-consuming tasks of early agriculturalists.It means that all work was divided along gender lines, with some tasks always being performed by men and some always performed by women.

  6. Based on the chapter text and the map below, which of the following statements about the Nile River are both true and relevant to the development of ancient Egyptian society?

    Correct Answer(s)

    The annual cycle of flooding meant that the dense Egyptian population had periods devoted to agricultural work and periods available for other kinds of work., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    The southward flow of the Nile encouraged Egyptians to explore southern Africa., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    The flooding of the Nile tended to be predictable., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    The Nile floodplain is very narrow, resulting in a thin band of densely settled territory on its banks., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    The Nile was easily navigable all the way from Meroe to the Mediterranean.

  7. In what ways was Europe similar to China’s river-basin societies during the period from 4000 BCE to 2000 BCE? How was it different?

    Drag each item on the left to its matching item on the right.

    Interaction between European agricultural communities included both trade and frequent warfare.

    The herding of cattle for milk and meat was important to European agricultural practices.

    Archaeologists identify major culture regions based on the styles of ceramic artifacts in Europe.

    European communities cooperated to create megalithic circular stone structures, indicating organization and astronomical knowledge.

    Europeans learned about bronze-making techniques (indirectly) from peoples of western Asia.

    similar to China, Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    not similar to China, Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

  8. Complete these sentences about Harappan history and the mystery of Harappan writing.

    In contrast to Mesopotamia, Egypt, and China, historians are unable to trace the – of Harappan peoples because no one has deciphered their –. Scholars know Harappan script is not – because it uses 375 to 400 signs. They also suspect Harappan was a –, based on some clues about its grammatical structure.

  9. Complete this passage about the development of writing.

    The first form of writing in the world was developed in – over a period of about – years. In its fully developed form, each symbol represented a –, enabling scribes to convey complex ideas.

  10. How were urban and rural areas related to one another in the period from 3500 to 2000 BCE? Select all of the statements that are true.

    Correct Answer(s)

    Drag appropriate answer(s) here

    Urban and rural areas were closely tied together through trade., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    Most humans lived in rural areas, even though urban areas were more densely populated., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    By 3500 BCE more than 50 percent of the world’s population lived in urban areas., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    Rural and urban peoples were natural enemies because they each valued very different things., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    A worldwide warming cycle helped enable some rural villages to grow into cities.

  11. Identify the accurate statements about nomadic pastoralists and transhumant herders.

    Correct Answer(s)

    Drag appropriate answer(s) here

    By the second millennium BCE, some nomadic pastoralists had stopped farming, instead focusing intensively on animal-breeding and herding., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    Transhumant herders spent each year traveling from the Pacific coast of Asia to northern Europe, and back again., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    Transhumant herders tended to raise horses and cattle, whereas nomadic pastoralists preferred goats and sheep., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    Some groups of transhumant herders developed into nomadic herders as their flocks grew in size, requiring more frequent, longer-distance moves in search of new pasturage.

  12. Imagine that a Harappan importer/exporter lived in Lothal and engaged in trade (indirectly) with Mesopotamia.

    What kinds of knowledge might the Harappan importer/exporter have had?

    Correct Answer(s)

    He would have been familiar with local stones, like carnelian, and imported luxuries, like lapis lazuli., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    He would have known how to make jewelry using gold, carnelian, and lapis lazuli., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    He would have had indirect knowledge of a variety of Harappan and Mesopotamian cities.

  13. What else might an archaeologist expect to find near a Longshan pot, like the one shown here?

    Correct Answer(s)

    corded ware pots, Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    human skeletons inside water wells, Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    written records, Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    potter’s wheel, Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    stamped-earth village walls

  14. To what extent were religious practice and religious belief centralized in ancient Egypt? Identify each characteristic of belief or practice as tending toward centralization or tending toward regionalism and individual expression.

    Drag each item on the left to its matching item on the right.

    Common people worshipped on their own behalf at small local shrines.

    Common people acquired personal amulets to protect their health.

    The priesthood had sole access to the inner sanctuaries of temples and the gods’ statues.

    The pharaoh engaged in ritual worship on behalf of the interests of the whole kingdom.

    Gods were (initially) believed to reside in specific towns, with each city having its own deity.

    centralized, Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    regional and individual

  15. Each image depicts evidence of long-distance trade connections during the third millennium. Match each object to the trade connections it suggests.

    Drag each item on the left to its matching item on the right.

    This is evidence of trade stretching all the way from West Africa to Gujarat, in western India., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    This is evidence of a trade network connecting Afghanistan to the Indus River Valley, and points south., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    This is evidence of a trade and culture region extending from modern Spain into the British Isles and central Europe.

  16. After reading the text, view this brief video comparing early civilizations.

    Which statements are true of Harappan societies, Mesopotamia, and Egypt? (Note: If a statement is true in only one or two of these regions, it should be considered not true of all three regions.)

    They engaged in long-distance trade, especially in precious stones and metals.

    They built elaborate palaces.

    Their agricultural productivity depended on the rising and receding waters of local rivers.

    They buried their royalty in large-scale royal tombs.

    Their communities were organized enough to produce large-scale public works and infrastructure.

    not true of all three regions, Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    true of all three regions, Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

  17. Consider this map, Trade and Exchange in the Third Millennium BCE.

    Which of the following statements can be inferred from the map?

    Correct Answer(s)

    People in the third millennium BCE divided the world into three major culture areas: cities, zones heavily influenced by urban civilization, and trading hinterlands., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    People in the third millennium BCE traded building materials, like lumber and stone., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    People in the third millennium BCE generally traded minerals and metals, rather than foods, because they were suspicious of other peoples’ cultures and cuisines., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    People in the third millennium BCE had already learned how to build boats and use them for trade, although they remained fairly close to shore in their travels.

  18. Complete this passage comparing river basin societies to other agricultural societies.

    Agricultural societies also arose outside of the river basins, in –. They tended to have different values and practices than river basin societies. For example, their social hierarchies were topped by – rather than priests and scribes, their most valued knowledge involved – rather than writing, and their engineers focused on the construction of – rather than the building of opulent palaces.

  19. Which statements can be supported using information from this map and the image of a Harappan necklace made with lapis lazuli and carnelian?

    Correct Answer(s)

    The necklace is evidence of specialization and agricultural surplus in Harappan societies., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    Although the necklace was discovered at a Harappan site, trade routes in the ancient world were such that it could have been buried with an Egyptian pharaoh., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    The necklace is proof that maritime trade across the Indian Ocean must have existed in the ancient world., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    The necklace is evidence of the Anatolian practice of building fortified posts along trade routes.

  20. Which factors contributed to the growth of trade in Mesopotamia?

    Correct Answer(s)

    Communities in the region were well situated for trade because the area was accessible on all sides, rather than hemmed in by mountains or other natural barriers., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    People in the region actually sought to avoid trade since they were not interested in products from outside their own religious community., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    People in the region invented trade because they had surplus goods and no place to store them., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    People in the region engaged in trade because they had a strong political interest in developments in East Asia and Europe., Press Alt+DownArrow to open the options.

    People in the region pursued trade because they lacked a variety of natural building materials, metals, and minerals.

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