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Homework answers / question archive / Question 1 1 / 1 pts According to Tolman, the variable in between an environmental stimulus and an organism's action is    intervening variable            independent variable            dependent variable            moderating variable               Question 2 1 / 1 pts All psychic phenomena can be explained on the basis of associationism and materialism, was proposed by    Ivan Pavlov            Ivan Sechenov            Vladimir Bechterev            Alexander Rpmanovich               Question 3 1 / 1 pts Andrew sometimes thinks that he is the only real person and that everything else is an illusion, is bets described by    egocentrism            immaterialism            solipsism            identity amnesia               IncorrectQuestion 4 0 / 1 pts Anecdotal accounts of animal behavior according to Thorndike should avoid    Observer bias            Anthromorphism            Confirmation bias            None of the above               Question 5 1 / 1 pts An internal state of an organism that reflects or mirrors actual or possible states of affairs in the external world

Question 1 1 / 1 pts According to Tolman, the variable in between an environmental stimulus and an organism's action is    intervening variable            independent variable            dependent variable            moderating variable               Question 2 1 / 1 pts All psychic phenomena can be explained on the basis of associationism and materialism, was proposed by    Ivan Pavlov            Ivan Sechenov            Vladimir Bechterev            Alexander Rpmanovich               Question 3 1 / 1 pts Andrew sometimes thinks that he is the only real person and that everything else is an illusion, is bets described by    egocentrism            immaterialism            solipsism            identity amnesia               IncorrectQuestion 4 0 / 1 pts Anecdotal accounts of animal behavior according to Thorndike should avoid    Observer bias            Anthromorphism            Confirmation bias            None of the above               Question 5 1 / 1 pts An internal state of an organism that reflects or mirrors actual or possible states of affairs in the external world

Psychology

Question 1
1 / 1 pts
According to Tolman, the variable in between an environmental stimulus and an organism's action is
  
intervening variable
 
 
 
 
  
independent variable
 
 
 
 
  
dependent variable
 
 
 
 
  
moderating variable
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 2
1 / 1 pts
All psychic phenomena can be explained on the basis of associationism and materialism, was proposed by
  
Ivan Pavlov
 
 
 
 
  
Ivan Sechenov
 
 
 
 
  
Vladimir Bechterev
 
 
 
 
  
Alexander Rpmanovich
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 3
1 / 1 pts
Andrew sometimes thinks that he is the only real person and that everything else is an illusion, is bets described by
  
egocentrism
 
 
 
 
  
immaterialism
 
 
 
 
  
solipsism
 
 
 
 
  
identity amnesia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IncorrectQuestion 4
0 / 1 pts
Anecdotal accounts of animal behavior according to Thorndike should avoid
  
Observer bias
 
 
 
 
  
Anthromorphism
 
 
 
 
  
Confirmation bias
 
 
 
 
  
None of the above
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 5
1 / 1 pts
An internal state of an organism that reflects or mirrors actual or possible states of affairs in the external world.
  
mental representation
 
 
 
 
  
mental imagery
 
 
 
 
  
conscious imagery
 
 
 
 
  
psychic representation
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 6
1 / 1 pts
Behaviorist failed to adequately address _______ which lead to opening the door for concepts associated with mental life
  
intervening variables
 
 
 
 
  
verbal behavior and thought
 
 
 
 
  
sensation and cognition
 
 
 
 
  
mediating variables
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 7
1 / 1 pts
B.F. Skinner saw behavior fall into one of two categories
  
Classical or Conditional
 
 
 
 
  
Respondent or Reflexive
 
 
 
 
  
Classical or Respondent
 
 
 
 
  
Operant or Respondent
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IncorrectQuestion 8
0 / 1 pts
Chomsky and Fodor both believed in modularity.
  
True
 
 
 
 
  
False
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 9
1 / 1 pts
Chomsky believed that language development ____ (select the best choice).
  
is learned through experience
 
 
  
was an innate part of the brian
 
 
 
 
  
was learned as part of social interaction
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 10
1 / 1 pts
Cognitive neuroscience sole interest is in attempting to understand the nature of consciousness.
  
True
 
 
 
 
  
False
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 11
1 / 1 pts
Cognitive psychology brought the focus of psychology back to internal processes.
  
True
 
 
 
 
  
False
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 12
1 / 1 pts
Compared to Operant Conditioning, Classical Conditioning is passive.
  
True
 
 
 
 
  
False
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 13
1 / 1 pts
Computers today have the ability to visit websites as if they were human, consequently standards have been put into place to precent this, CAPTCHA
  
True
 
 
 
 
  
False
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 14
1 / 1 pts
Dancing the tango would be considered an
  
Explicit learned behavior
 
 
  
Implicit learned behavior
 
 
  
Explicit unlearned behavior
 
 
  
Implicit unlearned behavior
 
 
 
 
 
Question 15
1 / 1 pts
Embodied cognition proposes that that thinking or cognition was distributed in throughout the brain, body, and environment.
  
True
 
 
 
 
  
False
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 16
1 / 1 pts
Henry had a major blow to the head and now he has difficulty understanding language or producing language - this represents
  
apraxis
 
 
 
 
  
agnosia
 
 
 
 
  
aphasia
 
 
 
 
  
agraphia
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IncorrectQuestion 17
0 / 1 pts
In a series of trials, one group of animals went through additional association trials that the other group of animals, leading to stronger associations, this represents
  
Law of Exercise
 
 
 
 
  
Law of Effect
 
 
 
 
  
Law of Contiguity
 
 
 
 
  
Law of Cause and Effect
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IncorrectQuestion 18
0 / 1 pts
Individuals with damaged brains helped to
  
determine functional specializations of the brain
 
 
  
develop treatment plans for specific brain injuries
 
 
  
determine the benefit of phrenology
 
 
  
develop new ways of viewing the philosophy of mind
 
 
 
 
 
IncorrectQuestion 19
0 / 1 pts
In Pavlovian conditioning the Neutral Stimulus produces
  
Conditioned Response
 
 
 
 
  
Unconditioned Response
 
 
 
 
  
Spontaneous Recovery
 
 
 
 
  
Nothing
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IncorrectQuestion 20
0 / 1 pts
John Searle discounts the possibility of AI, on the grounds of computers inability to truly understand.
  
True
 
 
 
 
  
False
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 21
1 / 1 pts
John Watson believed that all behavior can be understood in terms of stimulus-response relationships.
  
True
 
 
 
 
  
False
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 22
1 / 1 pts
Modular systems are unique to certain stimuli represents
  
that their operation are mandatory
 
 
  
that they are information encapsulated
 
 
  
that their among the fastest psychological processes
 
 
  
they are domain specific -- unique to certain stimuli
 
 
 
 
 
Question 23
1 / 1 pts
None of Phrenology’s ideas had any merit.
  
True
 
 
 
 
  
False
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 24
1 / 1 pts
One major lasting impact of behaviorism was the concept of modularity of behavior
  
True
 
 
 
 
  
False
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 25
1 / 1 pts
Per Fodor, a functional unit that processes a particular type of information is representative of
  
modals
 
 
 
 
  
module
 
 
 
 
  
bottom up processing
 
 
 
 
  
top down processing
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IncorrectQuestion 26
0 / 1 pts
Reducing a physiological drive constitutes per Hull
  
habit strength
 
 
 
 
  
reaction potential
 
 
 
 
  
reinforcement
 
 
 
 
  
extinction
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IncorrectQuestion 27
0 / 1 pts
Thinking does not just occur in the brain, but in the _____ was stated by _____.
  
Body;Fodor
 
 
 
 
  
Body; Damasio
 
 
 
 
  
Soul; Dennett
 
 
 
 
  
Soul; Descartes
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 28
1 / 1 pts
Thorndike believed that psychology should focus on behavior instead of introspection
  
introspection restricts focus to adult humans
 
 
 
 
  
introspection confuses experiencing a mental state with knowledge of the mental state
 
 
 
 
  
mental states are connected fundamentally to behavior
 
 
 
 
  
all items support Thorndike's view
 
 
 
 
 
IncorrectQuestion 29
0 / 1 pts
Thorndike believed that the purpose of training was to establish a physical connection in the nervous system between environmental stimulus and motor action without thinking.
  
True
 
 
 
 
  
False
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IncorrectQuestion 30
0 / 1 pts
Thorndike discounted the existence of any mental states as did Watson.
  
True
 
 
  
False
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
IncorrectQuestion 31
0 / 1 pts
Thorndike was NOT a precursor to the contemporary view of connectionism.
  
True
 
 
 
 
  
False
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 32
1 / 1 pts
Used puzzle boxes to examine trial-error learning in cats
  
Ivan Pavlov
 
 
 
 
  
John Watson
 
 
 
 
  
Edward Thorndike
 
 
 
  
B.F. Skinner
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 33
1 / 1 pts
Watson was forced to resign from Johns Hopkins due to financial improprieties
  
True
 
 
 
 
  
False
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 34
1 / 1 pts
What findings have been offered to support embodied cognition
  
Gesturing
 
 
 
 
  
Mirror neurons
 
 
 
 
  
Both Gesturing and Mirror neurons
 
 
  
Neither Gesturing and Mirror neurons
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 35
1 / 1 pts
What is a weak Artificial Intelligence?
  
a computer that simulates human mental attributes.
 
 
 
 
  
a computer "mind" capable of understanding and having mental states.
 
 
  
a system indistinguishable from a human in conversation
 
 
 
 
  
none are correct
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 36
1 / 1 pts
When the conditioned stimulus no longer follows the unconditioned stimulus what my occur
  
Spontaneous Recovery
 
 
  
Extinction
 
 
  
Experimental Neurosis
 
 
  
Punished Responses
 
 
 
 
 
Question 37
1 / 1 pts
When we know how an illusion works, yet still are susceptible to the illusion, this represents
  
embodied cognition
 
 
 
 
  
modularity
 
 
 
 
  
informational encapsulation
 
 
 
 
  
dual processing
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 38
1 / 1 pts
Which is not a view held by John Watson?
  
Psychology is a purely objective experimental branch of natural science.
 
 
  
Psychology's theoretical goal is the prediction and control of behavior.
 
 
  
Introspection forms no essential part of psychology's method.
 
 
  
Animal research is of minimal value to the study of psychology.
 
 
 
 
 
Question 39
1 / 1 pts
Which item represents intervening variables according to Tolman.
  
learning
 
 
 
 
  
memory
 
 
 
 
  
motivation
 
 
 
 
  
all items represents intervening variables
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Question 40
1 / 1 pts
You are sitting on a chair in front of a desk with a list of conversation topics and questions - and two privacy screens are in front of you. You are asked to talk with each “person” behind the privacy screen. You are participating in
  
mystery dating game
 
 
 
 
  
imitation game
 
 
 
 
  
turing game
 
 
 
 
  
interview game
 

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