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Homework answers / question archive / Question 1 1 / 1 pts For Wundt, psychology was   a part of natural science; a complement to natural science; not yet a natural science, but would one day become one; the most important natural sciences

Question 1 1 / 1 pts For Wundt, psychology was   a part of natural science; a complement to natural science; not yet a natural science, but would one day become one; the most important natural sciences

Psychology

Question 1

1 / 1 pts

For Wundt, psychology was  

a part of natural science;

a complement to natural science;

not yet a natural science, but would one day become one;

the most important natural sciences.

 

 

Question 2

1 / 1 pts

Wundt advocated the study of völkerpsychologie for which of the following reasons?
i) Some mental states or processes are by definition collective rather than individual;
ii) It allowed the investigation of complex mental processes, such as language and thinking;
iii) Cultural products are nothing more than the record of individual sensory experience;

i only;

i and ii only;

i, ii, and iii;

neither i, ii, nor iii.

 

 

Question 3

1 / 1 pts

Wundt believed that one had to go beyond the data of introspection because

the structuring principles that created experience were in principle not amenable to introspection;

introspection was inherently unreliable;

the data of introspection were only a guide to allow the design of objective experimental studies;

the data of introspection could be biased by the preconceptions of participants.

 

Question 4

1 / 1 pts

Wundt believed that psychological states should be understood as  

the causal product of physiological states;

the causal product of other psychological states;

the causal product of a non-material mind

entirely spontaneous.

 

 

Question 5

1 / 1 pts

Wundt believed that the analysis of mental states into their constituent elements was

the ultimate goal of psychology;

merely a preliminary to discovering their neural underpinnings;

merely a preliminary to discovering how the elements were put together;

a pointless task that had no place in a rigorous psychology.

 

 

Question 6

1 / 1 pts

Wundt criticised the over-use of introspection as a research method on which of the following grounds?
i) He thought that reflecting on psychological states in order to describe them necessarily altered the state in question;
ii) He thought that higher-level mental phenomena were not amenable to introspection as they were too complex;
iii) He thought that subjective reports should be outlawed in any serious science because they were unreliable;
iv) He thought that psychology should use naïve participants rather than trained observers.

i only;

i and ii only;

i, ii, and iii only;

i, ii, iii, and iv.

 

 

Question 7

1 / 1 pts

Wundt described his approach to psychology as physiological because

he wanted to explain psychological states in terms of physiological processes;

he wanted to explain physiological processes as the outcome of mental events;

he wanted to use physiological methods to investigate psychological phenomena;

he wanted to correlate psychological states with physiological variables.

 

 

Question 8

1 / 1 pts

Wundt's approach to science differed from positivistic approaches in that

he wanted to get behind the data and explain phenomena rather than merely describing them;

he wanted to provide as economical a description of phenomena as possible;

he wanted to stay as close to the observed data as possible;

he made use of subjective data.

 

 

Question 9

1 / 1 pts

Wundt thought that introspection could only be used with which of the following?
i) Readily replicable phenomena;
ii) Immediately occurring events;
iii) Simple phenomena;
iv) Trained observers.

i only;

i and ii only;

i, ii, and iii only;

i, ii, iii, and iv.

 

 

Question 10

1 / 1 pts

Wundt used the term 'apperception' to refer to

the association of ideas;

unconscious perception;

the reception by the mind of incoming sensory information;

the mind's structuring of its own experience.

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