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Homework answers / question archive / Write an article on virtue and reason by john mcdowell Paper must be at least 1500 words

Write an article on virtue and reason by john mcdowell Paper must be at least 1500 words


Write an article on virtue and reason by john mcdowell Paper must be at least 1500 words. Please, no plagiarized work! &nbsp.

Because such sensitivity amounts to getting things right, McDowell claims that this sensitivity Since knowledge, and since this sensitivity is a virtue, virtues extend directly from moral knowledge. As well puts it, the reliable sensitivity constant test knowledge, and it is a necessary condition for integrity Acintegritygly, McDowell is claiming that knowledge expediencies essential for virtues. But one can conceive of a person who has moral knowledge or integrity but is unmotivated to act virtuously, which is a person that McDowell logically dismisses as impossible. However, it is a clear and intuitive possibility that simply because a person has moral knowledge, they are not necessarily motivated to act upon it.

McDowell responds by claiming that a person who fails to act virtuously, even though he knew what amounted to virtue, could not do so only by clouded judgment or a desire to do otherwise. This is the Aristotelian answer to the objection. However, what this response leads to is the rejection of virtue as anything more than sensitivity. Although McDowell has been claiming that integrity is more than sensitivity (it is also about acting upon the virtue), this reply to the objection of the unfocused, clouded desire implies that the failure to act is not due to the one's lack of a thing that the virtuous person has. The virtuous person and the non-virtuous person have the same sensitivity to what virtue requires. As a result, it cannot be the case that knowledge of what virtue requires is what separates the virtuous from the non-virtuous. Socrates overcomes this problem by claiming that the difference between a virtuous person and a non-virtuous person is ignorance. Unlike Aristotle, Socrates does not need to account for this objection with the existence of a desire or a clouded judgment, which is the approach McDowell takes as well. Instead, McDowell dismisses Socrates' answer as extreme and favors instead the response given by Aristotle.A second premise inherent in McDowell's "Virtue and Reason" is the concept of the unity of the virtues. This is the thought that no virtue can be possessed except by a virtuous agent: who, of course, has all of the virtues. McDowell uses the example of the habit of gentleness and the virtue of kindness.&nbsp.

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