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Homework answers / question archive /   Archbishop of Saint Paul, was in favor of Americanization, a faithful follower of Isaac Hecker, wanted to continue his teachings

  Archbishop of Saint Paul, was in favor of Americanization, a faithful follower of Isaac Hecker, wanted to continue his teachings



  1. Archbishop of Saint Paul, was in favor of Americanization, a faithful follower of Isaac Hecker, wanted to continue his teachings. Ultimate goal was to reform Roman Catholicism throughout the world. Supported the effort to assimilate into public schools. Gave a speech on the "School's Controversy" in front of a National Audience to propose and instill the Poughkeepsie plan.
  2. Leader of the Sisters of Providence, was recruited to build many different schools and hospitals for Catholics. She was recognized with a statue in the Nation's capital. The schools and hospitals she built were necessary sources of income for the religious community, making them able to branch out and expand.
  3. Local priests got together in Poughkeepsie, New York, and made an arrangement with the school board saying the Catholic school also served as the Public school. In the day time, there would be regular public school activities and studies. At night, the Catholics would stay and learn about Catholicism. Was supported by John Ireland. Instilled in the 1890's in towns of Faribault and Stillwater after John Ireland's speech to the National Education Association. It did not work because using a public building for religious activities was a violation of separation of church and state. This is an issue that keeps coming back into play.
  4. A response and answer to a proposal to restate the first amendment and make clear that the use of public funds/lands for schools run by religious sects violates the first amendment. The government feared that Catholics were trying to defeat the public schools by making their own schools.
  5. Arose from the Third Plenary Council, which all bishops attended. The Baltimore Catechism was a list of questions and answers pertaining to the teaching and learning of Catholicism. It became the basis of education for schools. It was a foundation that shaped communities, it was what the students would memorize. First question on it: "Why did God make me?'
  6. Germans wanted equal rights, didn't want to Americanize, Peter Cahensley was in charge of St. Raphaelsverien (an organization that raised $$ to support immigrants). He held a meeting in Lucerne (Switzerland) in order to write a letter to the Pope complaining about the treatment of German-Americans in a mostly-Irish nation. Wanted equal rights, made reccomendations to acknowledge separate German parishes. The term "Cahensleyism" came about... anti-americanization.
  7. Took place in Chicago at the World's Fair. An organization of people of all different religions, including Bishop Keane. Without Rome's consent, met and conversed with other religions. Rome found out, highly disapproved. Important because American bishops were taking things into their own hands without the Pope's consent. It widened the divide between liberal and conservative catholics.
  8. A secret society, mostly Irish-Catholics, run by Terrence Powderly, widespread. Wanted social reform. put the Catholic clergy in a weird spot because of the secrecy of the union and its initiation rituals. made the clergy wary. Bishops wanted to support the workers. Knights of Labor were condemned in Quebec, which put pressure on American Bishops. Archbishop of Quebec asked Rome to make condemnation universal... Cardinal Gibbons defended the workers rights to organize, organization gives them hope for success. Vatican agrees and lifts ban. Marked a major turning point in the Church's position on labor and social reform. Catholic Hierarchy was for Labor Unions. Marked first step in formation of Catholic social-gospel tradition.
  9. Irish had a "love for land ownership", george recognized this in his proposed tax to distribute the wealth equally. tax the rise in land values caused by market demand (wealthy payed the tax, not the workers). one tax, no others. was very popular with the Irish-Catholics (majority). Archbishop Corrigan opposed, supports private property. This made Catholics look like they were Anti-Labor Unions.

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