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Homework answers / question archive / CHAPTER 8: DISTINGUISH FACT FROM OPINION Directions: Read each statement, and then decide whether it represents a fact or an opinion

CHAPTER 8: DISTINGUISH FACT FROM OPINION Directions: Read each statement, and then decide whether it represents a fact or an opinion



Directions: Read each statement, and then decide whether it represents a fact or an
opinion. Ask yourself, “Can the information in the statement be verified (by you or
someone else) through research, observation, experimentation, or experience?” If the
answer is yes, the statement represents a fact.

Passage 1
1. “The constitution is the nation’s highest law, and judges and justices are
sworn to uphold it.”
                 a. fact  b. opinion

2. “For example, the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution protects individuals
against ‘unreasonable searches and seizures,’ but the meaning of
‘unreasonable’ is not specified.”
                a. fact  b. opinion

3. “Reasoning that the Fourth Amendment was intended to protect individuals from
government intrusion in their private lives, judges have ruled that indiscriminate
wiretapping is unconstitutional.”
              a. fact  b. opinion 

Passage 2
4. “Interracial marriages are more challenging and more fragile than marriages that are
racially homogamous..”
              a. fact  b. opinion

5. “A comparison of black, white non-Hispanic, and interracial couples showed that the
latter focused more on their emotional attachments to each other and also on the
amount of work needed to maintain the marriage.”
         a. fact  b. opinion

6. “The probability of an interracial marriage lasting depends on a number of factors.

        a. fact  b. opinion




Of all the eighteenth-century arts, music left the most profound legacy. Much of it reflected the tastes of its royal, aristocratic, and ecclesiastical patrons. Composers and
musicians, therefore, usually stuck to established forms and music was typically heard as pleasing background to conversations, balls, and other social occasions in the
bastions of the aristocracy. Increasingly, however, music was played in public halls to a larger audience. Opera houses opened everywhere, and composers could now hope to make money from paying audiences as well as from court and aristocratic patronage. Several cities became well known as musical centers, but Vienna topped them all. This Austrian city became the musical heart of Europe, drawing hundreds of musicians who competed for favor there.
Source: Dennis Sherman and Joyce Salisbury, The West in the World, New York, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 2001, pp. 524-25.
1. What is the author’s purpose?
     a. to inform readers about music in the eighteenth century
     b. to entertain with information about eighteenth century music and art
     c. to persuade readers that eighteenth-century art should be appreciated as much as the music produced during that time period
     d. to inform readers about how profitable opera houses can be
2. Who is the authors’ intended audience?
     a. computer students
     b. people who know how to play musical instruments
     c. opera singers
     d. people interested in music; students of music history

Paragraph 2
Squaring the Economic Circle Humorist Art Buchwald examines the multiplier. The recession hit so fast that nobody knows exactly how it happened. One day we were the land of milk and honey and the next day we were the land of sour cream and food stamps.
Source: From Art Buchwald, “Squaring the Economic Circle,” Cleveland Plain Dealer, Feb. 22, 1975, in Campbell McConnell and Stanley Brue, Economics, 14th ed., New
York, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 1999, p. 216.
3. What is the author’s tone?
     a. approving; conciliatory
     b. defiant; insulting
     c. sarcastic; humorous
     d. malicious; contemptuous
4. Who is the author’s intended audience?
     a. poor people
     b. students
     c. senior citizens
     d. general public

Paragraph 3
The terms of Members of Congress are already limited. We face the voters every other year. We are given only a two year term in the House. If the voters do not like what we are doing, they can easily kick us out. Elections are the best term limits ever invented. Term limits are also unconstitutional. They were specifically considered by our Founding Fathers and specifically rejected, for a whole host of good reasons. They would prohibit voters from voting for a candidate who might otherwise be their first choice. They would prohibit good people from running for office. Also, very few Members of Congress would be able to develop experience and expertise about important matters on which they were expected to legislate. Term limits solve a problem that does not exist. We should let the voters decide, and not just arbitrarily limit their choices.
--Congressman John J. Duncan Jr. (R-Tenn.)
Source: Adapted from Thomas E. Patterson, The American Democracy, 5th ed., New York, McGraw-Hill, Inc., 2001, p. 55.

5. What is the author’s point of view?
     a. Congress should legislate term limits.
     b. Legislating term limits for members of Congress is neither necessary nor helpful.
     c. Our Founding Fathers should have done something about this a long time ago.
     d. Voters’ choices should not be limited.
6. What is the author’s purpose?
     a. to persuade readers that term limits are necessary
     b. to persuade citizens to vote
     c. to persuade members of Congress not to legislate term limits
     d. to persuade readers to vote for term limits

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