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Homework answers / question archive / Louisiana State University - HIST 2055 Chapter 26 The Modern Temper TRUE/FALSE 1)In the 1920s, people of Latin American descent became the fastest-growing ethnic minority in the United States

Louisiana State University - HIST 2055 Chapter 26 The Modern Temper TRUE/FALSE 1)In the 1920s, people of Latin American descent became the fastest-growing ethnic minority in the United States

History

Louisiana State University - HIST 2055

Chapter 26 The Modern Temper

TRUE/FALSE

1)In the 1920s, people of Latin American descent became the fastest-growing ethnic minority in the United States.

 

                                

 

  1. The Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s was mainly a southern rural organization.

 

                                

 

  1. The Scopes “monkey trial” sought to keep the theory of evolution in science classrooms in Tennessee.

 

                                

 

  1. Proponents of prohibition displayed ethnic and social prejudices in the drive to make America “dry.”

                                

  1. The Roaring Twenties pitted a cosmopolitan urban America against the values of an insular, rural America.

 

                                

 

  1. Jazz music inspired rural youth to remember their culture’s musical roots.

 

                                

 

  1. “Flappers” was the slang word for illegal drinking establishments in the 1920s.

 

                                

 

  1. Margaret Sanger distributed contraceptives through the mail.

 

                                

 

  1. Women gained the right to vote in 1916 as World War I began.

 

 

                                

 

  1. The NAACP favored militant protests over legal challenges as a way to end racial discrimination.

 

                                

 

  1. Albert Einstein, Max Planck, and Werner Heisenberg were members of Al Capone’s gang in Chicago.

 

                                

 

  1. The culture of modernism emphasized order and certainty.

 

                                

 

  1. During the 1920s, ideas of scientists about the nature of the universe inspired modernist artists to try new techniques.

 

                                

 

  1. The major American prophets of modernist literature lived in Europe.

 

                                

 

  1. The southern renaissance was characterized by a dying traditional world and the birth of a modern, commercial world inspired by World War I’s industrial production.

 

                                

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. Political and social radicalism arose after World War I because:
    1. people had been bored by World War I’s rationing of goods
    2. postwar culture was fraught with contradictions and tensions
    3. southerners neglected agricultural responsibilities
    4. northern cities asserted cultural superiority because of industry
    5. President Woodrow Wilson encouraged opposition to old traditions

                                

 

  1. Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were:
    1. convicted of bombing eight army supply trucks
    2. two Italian-born anarchists sentenced to death and executed even though there was doubt as to their guilt
    3. finally exonerated of the charges of payroll robbery and murder
    4. murdered by members of the Ku Klux Klan
    5. the New York Yankees’ double-play combination during the 1920s

                                

 

  1. The immigration quota laws passed in the 1920s:
    1. favored immigrants from southern and eastern Europe
    2. encouraged Asians to immigrate to America
    3. set strict limits on immigration from Mexico
    4. rescinded the Gentlemen’s Agreement accepted during Theodore Roosevelt’s administra- tion
    5. favored immigrants from northern and western Europe

                                

 

  1. The 1924 immigration law:
    1. stopped the illegal flow of immigrants into the United States
    2. encouraged immigration from Japan and China
    3. continued an open door policy, whereby almost all new arrivals would be admitted
    4. set strict yearly limits on the number of immigrants allowed into the country
    5. restricted immigration to those from eastern Europe

 

 

 

  1. The Ku Klux Klan of the 1920s was based mainly on:
    1. anti-Semitic rhetoric
    2. prohibition
    3. fundamentalist religious beliefs
    4. anti-black rhetoric
    5. “100 percent Americanism”

                                

 

  1. Who said, “When the hordes of aliens walk to the ballot box and their votes outnumber yours, then that alien horde has got you by the throat”?
    1. Clarence Darrow
    2. Ruth Benedict
    3. William J. Simmons
    4. Moorefield Storey
    5. Marcus Garvey

                                

 

  1. How many members did the Ku Klux Klan allegedly have at its peak?
    1. as many as 4 million
    2. as many as 6 million
    3. as many as 8 million
    4. as many as 10 million
    5. as many as 11 million

                                

 

  1. William Jennings Bryan:
    1. believed evolution should be taught in science classes
    2. prosecuted John Scopes in the Dayton, Tennessee, evolution case for teaching evolution
    3. was the mayor of Dayton, Tennessee
    4. was a vocal supporter of the Ku Klux Klan
    5. advocated Prohibition

                                

 

  1. The Scopes trial:
    1. pitted William Howard Taft, former U.S. president and confessed agnostic, for the prosec- ution against fundamentalist Clarence Darrow for the defense
    2. concerned a state law that prohibited the teaching of evolution in public schools
    3. represented victory of the fundamentalist movement in America
    4. prosecuted Klansmen for lynching
    5. brought Americans together on the subject of education

                                

 

  1. Which one of the following is associated with Dayton, Tennessee?
    1. Margaret Sanger
    2. F. Scott Fitzgerald
    3. the lynching of three Italian anarchists
    4. Ernest Hemingway
    5. the Scopes trial

 

                                

 

  1. As a result of the Scopes trial:
    1. John T. Scopes was found guilty of teaching evolution
    2. the fundamentalist movement disappeared
    3. William Jennings Bryan’s political career was revived
    4. Tennessee’s anti-evolution law was declared unconstitutional
    5. Clarence Darrow’s legal career faded into obscurity

                                

 

  1. By the 1910s, the Anti-Saloon League:
    1. was out of business
    2. only had a minimal effect on Americans
    3. called for a withdrawal of the Eighteenth Amendment
    4. had become one of the most effective pressure groups in American history
    5. merged with the WCTU

                                

 

  1. The amendment to the constitution that barred the manufacture or sale of intoxicating liquors was rati- fied in:

a.   1911

b.   1919

c.   1922

d.   1928

e.   1932

                                

 

  1. Not being able to convict Al Capone on bootlegging charges, the federal government convicted him for:
    1. illegal immigration activities
    2. drug trafficking
    3. contempt of Congress
    4. tax evasion
    5. prostitution

                                

 

  1. The author of Main Street, a novel about the banality of small-town life, was:
    1. Sherwood Anderson
    2. Countee Cullen
    3. James Weldon Johnson
    4. Upton Sinclair
    5. Sinclair Lewis

                                

 

  1. The journalist H. L. Mencken:
    1. called the 1920s the Jazz Age
    2. described Americans as a “booboisie”
    3. celebrated the material prosperity of the 1920s
    4. did more than any other writer to popularize Freud’s sexual theories
    5. wrote the novel The Sun Also Rises

 

                                

 

  1. The Roaring Twenties was dubbed “the Jazz Age” by:
    1. Upton Sinclair
    2. Ernest Hemingway
    3. Langston Hughes
    4. Louis Armstrong
    5. F. Scott Fitzgerald

                                

 

  1. Jazz:
    1. was a European innovation emerging from modern “classical” music
    2. blended African and European musical traditions
    3. was invented by Bennie Goodman
    4. helped calm the fears of rural fundamentalists
    5. inspired rebellious youth to violence

                                

 

  1. The novel This Side of Paradise concerned:
    1. immigrant life in New York City
    2. the lax enforcement of Prohibition
    3. modernist student life at Princeton
    4. fundamentalist attacks on modernism
    5. the beginnings of Miami’s tourist industry

                                

 

  1. Petting parties were:
    1. opportunities for young men and women to experiment sexually with each other
    2. opportunities for young men and women to learn about proper treatment of dogs and cats
    3. opportunities to raise money for the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to An- imals (ASPCA)
    4. visits to the zoo so young people could get away from their parents
    5. parents’ chance to teach their children proper morals

                                

 

  1. All of the following could be associated with flappers EXCEPT:
    1. bobbed hair
    2. Victorian values
    3. smoking and drinking
    4. shorter skirts
    5. heavy makeup

                                

 

  1. Margaret Sanger is best associated with which of the following?
    1. suffrage
    2. temperance
    3. child labor
    4. birth control
    5. jazz singing

                                

 

 

  1. In 1921, Margaret Sanger organized:
    1. the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA)
    2. the Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)
    3. the College of New Jersey
    4. the American Birth Control League
    5. the NAACP

                                

 

  1. Alice Paul:
    1. was F. Scott Fitzgerald’s wife
    2. was the pseudonym of Sylvia Jenkins, author of many stories in Paris Nights and other pulp magazines
    3. wrote The American Family, a sociological study of the effects of the new morality on family life
    4. was the main character in James Branch Cabell’s novel Jurgen
    5. was the militant head of the National American Woman Suffrage Association’s Congres- sional Committee

                                

 

  1. Carrie Chapman Catt was best known for her achievements promoting:
    1. modernist art
    2. prohibition
    3. women’s suffrage
    4. racial reforms
    5. immigration reform

                                

 

  1. Which amendment to the constitution gave women the right to vote?
    1. Seventeenth
    2. Eighteenth
    3. Nineteenth
    4. Twentieth
    5. Twenty-first

                                

 

  1. Congress adopted the equal rights amendment in: a.      1912

b.   1921

c.   1931

d.   1940

e.   1972

                                

 

  1. Which of the following statements best describes working women in the 1920s?
    1. The number of employed women rose.
    2. The number of employed women declined.
    3. Women were finally able to break into many formerly “male” occupations.
    4. A woman was finally elected president of the American Federation of Labor.
    5. Women mostly stayed home and attended to the domestic spher

                                

 

  1. The “Susan B. Anthony amendment” concerned:
    1. women’s suffrage
    2. prohibition
    3. religion in society
    4. immigration restrictions
    5. temperance

                                

 

  1. The movement of southern blacks to the North:
    1. was called the Great Migration
    2. created the rise of the KKK
    3. saw many African Americans return to Africa
    4. was so large that southern agriculture was interrupted
    5. meant industry could no longer hire whites

                                

 

  1. The author of Cane, considered by many to be the single greatest work of the Harlem Renaissance, was:
    1. Claude McKay
    2. Jean Toomer
    3. DuBose Heyward
    4. Langston Hughes
    5. W. E. B. Du Bois

                                

 

  1. The Universal Negro Improvement Association:
    1. sponsored black artists and writers
    2. was led by Marcus Garvey
    3. promoted Booker T. Washington’s idea of racial peace through accommodation
    4. was the forerunner of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
    5. was conceived by W. E. B. Du Bois

                                

 

  1. Marcus Garvey:
    1. sought reconciliation with southern whites
    2. said blacks should return to Africa
    3. was a revered jazz saxophonist
    4. helped lead the suffragist movement
    5. was allied with W. E. B. Du Bois

 

                                

 

  1. The NAACP emphasized:
    1. legal action against discrimination
    2. the formation of a black political party
    3. vocational and technical education
    4. Garvey’s concept of social and political separation of blacks
    5. strictly black membership

                                

 

  1. Which of the following did W. E. B. Du Bois say in his opposition to Marcus Garvey?
    1. “We have to rid ourselves of this viper.”
    2. “He will help only his friends and not the great mass of black people.”
    3. “He thinks that black people only are good enough to be plumbers.”
    4. “He believes himself to be the very second coming of Christ.”
    5. He is “the most dangerous enemy of the Negro race        He is either a lunatic or a traitor.”

                                

 

  1. The culture of modernism was characterized by:
    1. religious fervor
    2. temperance
    3. developments in science that challenged perceptions of certainty
    4. a reliance on the automobile
    5. a political move toward socialism

                                

 

  1. In physics, the development of quantum theory is most associated with:
    1. Albert Einstein
    2. Isaac Newton
    3. Max Planck
    4. Werner Heisenberg
    5. Sir Francis Bacon

                                

 

  1. In physics, the theory of relativity was developed and explained by
    1. Albert Einstein
    2. Isaac Newton
    3. Max Planck
    4. Werner Heisenberg
    5. Sir Francis Bacon

                                

 

  1. The theories of relativity and quantum physics led people to:
    1. have petting parties
    2. enter retirement
    3. deny the relevance of absolute values in society at large
    4. recognize jazz’s role in destabilizing American society

 

    1. embrace the notion that human reason is immutable

                                

 

  1. Modernists in art and literature came to believe that:
    1. nature’s reality can be captured in art
    2. human reason ruled all of nature
    3. science and art had no connection
    4. art, in the end, had rules that should be obeyed
    5. the subconscious is more interesting and more potent than reason

                                

 

  1. The Armory Show in 1913:
    1. was a controversial exhibition of modern art
    2. introduced many women to new clothing fashions
    3. featured poetry readings by Ezra Pound and T. S. Eliot
    4. showed the continuing appeal of traditional values
    5. led directly to woman suffrage

                                

 

  1. All of the following were prophets of modernism EXCEPT:
    1. Ezra Pound
    2. Edward Bellamy
    3. Gertrude Stein
    4. T. S. Eliot
    5. Ernest Hemingway

                                

 

  1. The novels of Ernest Hemingway:
    1. portrayed utopian communities in a socialist society
    2. attacked the corruption of machine politics in the large cities
    3. traced the philosophical connections between twentieth-century America and eighteenth- century Britain
    4. depicted the cult of athletic masculinity and a desperate search for life
    5. documented “the greatest, gaudiest spree in history”

                                

 

  1. F. Scott Fitzgerald wrote of:
    1. rational people dedicated to traditional values
    2. sad young characters who displayed potential but were ultimately doomed
    3. patriotic fervor among the American expatriate writers in Paris
    4. masculinity and a desperate search for life
    5. hope and happiness in America’s heartland

                                

 

  1. The Waste Land, a poem that became the favorite of many modernist readers because of its sense of disillusionment and its suggestion of a burned-out civilization, was written by:
    1. Franz Boas
    2. T. S. Eliot
    3. Ezra Pound
    4. Gertrude Stein
    5. cummings

                                

 

  1. Modernism and the southern literary renaissance were products of the: a.   1910s

b.   1930s

c.   1920s

d.   1890s

e.   1860s

                                

 

  1. The southern literary renaissance came about because:
    1. the North won the Civil War
    2. southern culture embraced the challenges of modernism
    3. of the conflict between southern traditions and modern commercialism
    4. modernism came to embrace traditional southern culture
    5. the KKK demanded a new voice

                                

 

  1. William Faulkner:
    1. wrote about his own experiences in New York City
    2. was one of the South’s greatest modernist writers
    3. exemplified the writers who left America for Europe
    4. labeled World War I veterans the “lost generation”
    5. was a modernist painter in Paris

                                

 

  1. Thomas Wolfe:
    1. was a modernist painter in Paris
    2. was a promising writer who died in World War I
    3. famously adhered to Sigmund Freud’s theories about sex
    4. wrote All Along the Watchtower
    5. outraged traditionalists in his hometown, Asheville, North Carolina, with his writing

                                

 

  1. Modernism waned by the end of the 1920s because:
    1. most of the artists committed suicide out of despair for civilization
    2. people quit buying the depressing books churned out by modernist writers
    3. the Great Depression overwhelmed the cultural alienation of the 1920s

 

    1. President Hoover demanded a return to traditional values
    2. World War II started

                                

 

 

MATCHING

 

51 Match each description with the item below.

    1. wrote This Side of Paradise
    2. wrote Look Homeward, Angel
    3. wrote Three Lives
    4. wrote The Waste Land
    5. was the NAACP field secretary
    6. as governor of Texas, eliminated textbooks that upheld Darwinism
    7. developed principle of uncertainty
    8. was the leading birth control advocate
    9. was the leader of Negro nationalism
    10. founded the KKK
  1. James Weldon Johnson
  2. T. S. Eliot
  3. Miriam Ferguson
  4. F. Scott Fitzgerald
  5. Marcus Garvey
  6. Werner Heisenberg
  7. Margaret Sanger
  8. William J. Simmons
  9. Gertrude Stein
  10. Thomas Wolfe

 

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