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Homework answers / question archive / Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide


Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. In the Communist Manifesto, Marx and Engels argue that “the history of all hitherto existing society is the history of class struggles” (Marxists ch1). These classes include freeman and slave, lord and serf, guild-master and journeyman, and in modern society or capitalism the bourgeoisie and proletariat. They argued that these classes stood in constant opposition to one another since one class is dominant over the other. The relationship also reflects the class of oppressors and the oppressed. For example, the serfs own the land hence have power over the serfs. In this case, the relations of production are determined by the mode of production. In capitalism, the bourgeoisie owns the means of production since they are the property or capital owners while the proletariat owns labor power which they sell to the bourgeoisie for a wage to sustain their subsistence. This is because when they were removed from lands, they were separated from their means of production (land) as well the fruits of their production (produce). As such, the produce and labor are owned by the bourgeoisie and the proletarians are just commodities like other commodities in the market to be bought and sold. This bourgeoisie exploits the proletariat by making them produce surplus labor but the surplus value (profit) obtained is only kept by the bourgeoisie. the proletariat does not partake in it. It is also the bourgeoisie who constantly develop the forces of production such as machinery to increase productivity hence replacing some proletariat with machines or making them appendages to those machines. This exploitation of one class by another according to Marx and Engels always led to conflicts or antagonisms that “each time ended, either in a revolutionary reconstitution of society at large or in the common ruin of the contending classes” (Marxists, ch1). This is how the proletariat will gain consciousness and act collectively to ruin the bourgeoisie class by abolishing private property which is the source of classes and reconstitute society into a classless society called communism. The bourgeoisie differs from the proletariat in that they have political power as according to Marx and Engels, “the executive of the modern state is but a committee for managing the common affairs of the whole bourgeoisie” (chip 1).

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