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Homework answers / question archive / which diverse local stakeholders are represented as users of a public space over time indicates how well the space accommodates changing uses and groups

which diverse local stakeholders are represented as users of a public space over time indicates how well the space accommodates changing uses and groups

Health Science

which diverse local stakeholders are represented as users of a public space over time indicates how well the space accommodates changing uses and groups. Community Stability: Communities are dynamic, and measur— ing changes related to shifts in housing a?‘ordability and neighborhood economic conditions can inform an understand— ing of where local bene?ts of public space improvements are accruing. Collective E?icacy: The e?icacy of a community is measured by the value of its members’ input as stakeholders in ongoing processes shaping public space and in the strength of social networks. Ongoing Investment in Space: Presence of funding channels for public space maintenance or improvements, in addition to local capacity for care as stewards or volunteers, can demon— strate ?nancial or sweat equity ownership of a public space. Preparedness for Change: Adaptability is an essential capacity of both physical public spaces and of communities. Spaces that adapt to changing need, and communities that can assess their own needs as they change, are well—matched to see long—term bene?ts of inclusionary processes. The indicators and metrics in Principle 4 measure how inclu- sion and health can be maintained in public spaces, and the communities they serve, over time. Su m ma ry To promote inclusion in public spaces, we must design, pro— gram, maintain, and evaluate public spaces with the knowledg that our differences affect our experiences, perceptions, and needs. We hope that users will layer the Framework’s guiding principles, drivers, indicators, and metrics into their work in public health, planning, policy, design, engagement, and othei areas of practice to promote better health outcomes.

The Guiding Principles of Inclusive Healthy Places We identify four guiding principles for shaping and assessing public space projects. Only one principle addresses physical space, re?ecting the need for practitioners to look beyond physical designs and placemaking to create change. The context, process, and sustainability associated with public space design have to be considered. Principle 1: Context Recognize community context by cultivating knowledge of the existing conditions, assets, and lived experiences that relate to health equity. Principle 1 Drivers: A. Characteristics of People Present: Demographic characteristics of the impacted or local population. B. Community Health Context: Snapshot of existing health at the community scale, including physical and mental health and well—being, socioeconomic health, environmental health, and housing conditions. C . Predictors of Exclusion: Essential measures of inequality and indicators of discriminatory practices or experience. D. Community Assets: Every place possesses assets on which to build, such as public space and transportation access and the presence of local and cultural institutions. The drivers, indicators, and metrics of Principle 1 are all about establishing the existing or baseline conditions within a study area. Principle 2: Process Support inclusion in the processes that shape public space by promoting civic trust, participation, and social capital. Principle 2 Drivers: A. Civic Trust: Trust in public institutions and our neighbors can be measured by a suite of indicators, including rate and type of civic engagement (i.e., participation), degree of knowledge of public processes, and level of reported trust among community members. B. Participation: Broad—based participation in publicly accessible events or programs, attendance at public meetings, and the as through cross—collaboration and acting with shared purpose. Principle 2 focuses on developing an understanding of the depth of social relationships and the breadth of civic and pub— lic participation as factors contributing to shared ownership of public spaces and the effectiveness of advocacy for the public realm. Principle 3: Design 8: Program Design and program public space for health equity by improv— ing quality, enhancing access and safety, and inviting diversity. Principle 3 Drivers: A. Quality of Public Space: Quality is a driver of use and a factor contributing to how much time people spend in a place, including for social and physical activities, as well as their level of comfort in and enjoyment and ownership of a space. We measure quality through a mix of observational and survey—based indicators to capture user experience —essential in planning with inclusion in mind. B . Accessibility: The Framework uses accessibility to refer to both speci?c ADA and/or universal design elements for users with disabilities as well as to the physical accessibility of a public space for all users. C . Access: Distinct from accessibility, access is a measure of how easily one might have the opportunity to use a public space. D. Use and Users: Diversity of uses and of users—and evidence of social mixing among them—in public space are indica— tors of the social bene?ts of public space on health and well—being. Similarly, this driver accounts for users’ level of physical activity in a speci?c space or more broadly. E . Safety and Security: Safety can be measured objectively/obser— vationally and through user perception. The design, quality, and characteristics of a public space affect physical activity and use and determine a sense of inclusion for different groups of people in a place. Principle 4: Sustain Foster social resilience and the capacity of local communities to engage with changes in place over time by promoting repre— sentation, agency, and stability.

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