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1) a) Discuss the tasks psychologists perform in witness preparation


1) a) Discuss the tasks psychologists perform in witness preparation. What are the pros and cons of psychologists participating in these tasks, particularly asthey relate to lay witnesses? b) Briefly explain the difference between the Frye general acceptance standard and the Daubert standard for evaluating expert testimony

2) a) What are amicus curiae briefs, and why would a psychological association or organization want to file them? b) Scientific jury selection is used in major cases but is not prevalent in the typical criminal or civil case. Give at least three reasons why this might be so

3) a) Review the main steps or stages of the judicial process and provide illustrations of tasks forensic psychologists might perform at each one. b) Explain the differences between actuarial predictions, clinical predictions, and structured professional judgment as they relate to assessments of risk

4) a) What recommendations were made by researchers regarding lineups and photo spreads in the “Police Lineups” white paper to increase the reliability of identifications made in these lineups? b) What is the significance of Jenkins v. United States to forensic psychology?

5) a) In light of research findings on deception, how can investigators best detect deception on the part of persons being interviewed? b) List five findings from the research on eyewitness identification

6) a) Provide examples of five minority or gender issues relating to law enforcement. b) Other than candidate screening, describe any three special evaluations that might be conducted by a police psychologist.

7) a) Review the evidence that has led some psychologists to posit the existence of different memory stores (such as sensory memory, short-term memory, long-term memory). b) Discuss the importance of research on icons and echoes for understanding how people process incoming information. Consider issues of both experimental control and ecological validity

8) a) Evaluate Posner and Snyder’s criteria for what makes a cognitive process automatic. Which criterion is the strongest, and why? b) Consider the studies on divided attention. Can these findings be used in training workers who need to process a great deal of information from different sources simultaneously? Why or why not?

9) a) Describe and evaluate Kahneman’s capacity model of attention. What, if any, realworld phenomena does it predict or explain? b) What questions are answered by the work on the neurological underpinnings of attention? What questions are raised?

10) a) Describe the differences and similarities among filter theory, attenuation theory, late-selection theory, and schema theory b) Discuss the similarities between change blindness (Chapter 3) and inattentional blindness

11) a) Cognitive psychologists have offered several different definitions of the term attention. Which one seems to you the most useful? Describe and defend your criteria. b) Describe the dichotic listening task, and explain why cognitive psychologists find it a useful way to study attention.

12) The idea that there are limits on the number of things we can pay attention to at once is known as selective attention. Anecdotal, laboratory, and even neuroscientific evidence seems to suggest that we process information to which we are actively paying attention differently from the way we process information to which we are not attending

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