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Homework answers / question archive / Question 1 1 / 1 pts Based on the textbook, which of the following is NOT a revision to a mental disorder that was included in DSM-5?    The age at which symptoms must first appear in individuals diagnosed with ADHD was changed from 7 to 12 years old

Question 1 1 / 1 pts Based on the textbook, which of the following is NOT a revision to a mental disorder that was included in DSM-5?    The age at which symptoms must first appear in individuals diagnosed with ADHD was changed from 7 to 12 years old


Question 1

1 / 1 pts

Based on the textbook, which of the following is NOT a revision to a mental disorder that was included in DSM-5?


The age at which symptoms must first appear in individuals diagnosed with ADHD was changed from 7 to 12 years old.


Asperger’s disorder was expanded and can now be diagnoses as mild, moderate, or severe Asperger’s disorder.


The “bereavement exclusion” included in the diagnostic criteria for a major depressive episode was dropped.


The frequency of binges required for bulimia nervosa was decreased to once per week.


Question 2

1 / 1 pts

According to the harmful dysfunction theory of mental disorders, when we try to determine what is abnormal, we should consider


cognitive contributions to irregular behaviors.


scientific or evolutionary data, as well as social values that provide context for the behavior.


behavioral, as well as psychoanalytic, components of abnormality.


the social constructs that regulate behavior and thought.


Question 3

1 / 1 pts

Which of the following is NOT a part of DSM-5’s definition of a mental disorder?


It is dysfunction in mental functioning.


It is clinically significant disturbance in cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior.


It is usually associated with significant distress or disability.


It consists of behaviors witnessed in less than 30% of the population.


Question 4

1 / 1 pts

The DSM is primarily authored by _____.




social workers






Question 5

1 / 1 pts

The DSM reflects a medical model of psychopathology. This means that


medication is the only acceptable form of treatment for mental disorders.


each mental disorder is an entity defined categorically and features a list of specific symptoms.


psychotherapy cannot be expected to succeed unless it is accompanied by medication.


each mental disorder is a by-product of a medical disorder centered in a part of the body other than the brain.


Question 6

1 / 1 pts

Emil Kraepelin was a pioneer of the diagnosis of mental disorders. Among the categories he identified were _____, which is similar to the current label of bipolar disorder, and _____, which is similar to the current label of schizophrenia.


anxiety neurosis, disorderly thought psychosis


anxiety neurosis, separation disorder


dementia praecox, separation disorder


manic-depressive psychosis, dementia praecox


Question 7

1 / 1 pts

DSM-5 contains a list of “unofficial” disorders that are not yet diagnosable. In what section of DSM-5 are these proposed disorders listed?


Initial Disorders for Discovery


Proposed Criteria Groups


Emerging Measures and Models


Disorders for Further Consideration


Question 8

1 / 1 pts

During the late 1800s and early 1900s, the primary purpose of diagnostic categories was


the diagnosis of prisoners.


to offer guidance toward particular forms of medication and psychotherapy.


compliance with health insurance and managed care company policies.


the collection of statistical and census data.


Question 9

1 / 1 pts



included lists of specific symptoms or criteria for each disorder.


were empirically based.


reflected a psychoanalytic orientation.


offered significant generalizability and clinical utility.


Question 10

1 / 1 pts

DSM-5 has received numerous criticisms. Which of the following is NOT a criticism discussed in the textbook?


DSM-5 was not expanded enough, and as a result the current edition includes approximately the same number of disorders as the original edition.


The membership of Work Groups was composed primarily of researchers, not clinicians.


DSM-5’s price is significantly higher than that of previous editions.


While developing DSM-5, the authors were selective and vague with information they shared with the general public.


Question 11

1 / 1 pts

Essentially, a categorical approach to diagnosis of mental disorders suggests that an individual


has every disorder to some extent.


either has or does not have a disorder.


can only be diagnosed with one disorder at a single point in time.


can have multiple disorders at the same time only if those disorders fall within the same larger category, such as depressive disorders or anxiety disorders.


Question 12

1 / 1 pts

In recent years, researchers have offered alternatives to the categorical approach to the diagnosis of mental disorders. Specifically, the _____ approach has received significant attention, especially regarding the _____ disorders.


multiaxial, mood


dimensional, anxiety


medical model, eating


dimensional, personality


Question 13

1 / 1 pts

Researchers who endorse the dimensional approach to diagnosis of mental problems most often recommend that _____ serve(s) as the basis for the dimensions.


Holland’s typologies


the Myers-Briggs types


cognitive thought distortion categories


the five-factor model of personality


Question 14

1 / 1 pts

Loraine is a clinical psychology graduate student conducting her first clinical interview with a client. While her client describes reasons for seeking treatment, Loraine finds herself distracted by internal thoughts such as, “What questions should I ask next?” and “When is the project due for my linear regression class?” In this instance, Loraine has the opportunity to improve which general skill of clinical interviewing?


Eye contact


Quieting yourself


Being self-aware


Developing positive working relationships


Question 15

1 / 1 pts

Dr. Huckabee is conducting a clinical interview with Megan. At the end of the interview, he ties together various topics that Megan discussed, connecting statements she made at various points, and identifies themes in the information she has provided. Which of the following techniques is Dr. Huckabee using?


Reflection of feeling








Question 16

1 / 1 pts

Dr. Harris, a clinical psychologist, is interviewing a client with the primary purpose of determining whether the agency where Dr. Harris works can provide the services required by this client. In other words, Dr. Harris is conducting a(n) _____.


diagnostic interview


intake interview


structured interview


mental status exam


Question 17

1 / 1 pts

Dr. Rosen, a clinical psychologist in private practice, likes to combine elements of a structured interview and an unstructured interview with his patients. By blending these two approaches, Dr. Rosen is using what is known as a(n) _____ interview.










Question 18

1 / 1 pts

_____ validity is the extent to which an assessment technique has content appropriate for what is being measured.




none of the above






Question 19

1 / 1 pts

Dr. Brox creates a new assessment technique, the Superior Clinical Interval for Therapists (SCIT). We can say the SCIT has _____ if it measures what it claims to measure. We can say the SCIT has _____ if it yields consistent, repeatable results.


reliability, validity


statistical utility, clinical utility


clinical utility, statistical utility


validity, reliability


Question 20

1 / 1 pts

In the context of the clinical interview, the term quieting yourself is best described as


the interviewer’s efforts to control the volume of his speaking voice to match that of the client.


the interviewer’s efforts to control his own internal, self-directed thinking pattern in order to enhance listening.


the client’s efforts to remain quiet in order to fully attend to the interviewer’s questions.


the interviewer’s policy of remaining entirely silent during the interview in order to facilitate transference.


Question 21

1 / 1 pts

An important skill for a clinical interviewer is _____, which is best described as the ability to know how he tends to affect others interpersonally and how others tend to relate to him.


developing positive working relationships


being self-aware


quieting yourself


establishing rapport


Question 22

1 / 1 pts

Eye contact, body language, vocal qualities, and verbal tracking are specific types of _____.


rapport enhancers


behavioral psychotherapy techniques


attending behaviors


nonverbal interviewing


Question 23

1 / 1 pts

Cultural variables are important in the context of a clinical interview. For example, compared to traditional Western culture, Asian cultures tends to feature


more eye contact.


more eye contact between members of the opposite sex.


more physical touch.


less physical touch.


Question 24

1 / 1 pts

Which of the following is UNLIKELY to enhance rapport in a clinical interview?


Acknowledgment by the interviewer that the clinical interview is a unique, unusual situation


Efforts by the interviewer to notice how the client uses language, and then following the client’s lead


Efforts by the interviewer to put the client at ease, especially at the beginning of the interview


Excessive small talk used to distract the client from the awkwardness of the interview


Question 25

1 / 1 pts

Devlin and Nasar (2012) found that therapists and nonprofessionals asked to rate pictures of offices preferred clinicians’ offices that


featured bright lightening and personal photos.


arranged the furniture so the therapist could sit behind the client.


were orderly, spacious, and contained comfortable seats.


were smaller in size, creating an intimate atmosphere.

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