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Homework answers / question archive / Question 1 1 / 1 pts Based on the textbook, which of the following is NOT a revision to a mental disorder that was included in DSM-5?    The age at which symptoms must first appear in individuals diagnosed with ADHD was changed from 7 to 12 years old

Question 1 1 / 1 pts Based on the textbook, which of the following is NOT a revision to a mental disorder that was included in DSM-5?    The age at which symptoms must first appear in individuals diagnosed with ADHD was changed from 7 to 12 years old

Psychology

Question 1

1 / 1 pts

Based on the textbook, which of the following is NOT a revision to a mental disorder that was included in DSM-5?

  

The age at which symptoms must first appear in individuals diagnosed with ADHD was changed from 7 to 12 years old.

  

Asperger’s disorder was expanded and can now be diagnoses as mild, moderate, or severe Asperger’s disorder.

  

The “bereavement exclusion” included in the diagnostic criteria for a major depressive episode was dropped.

  

The frequency of binges required for bulimia nervosa was decreased to once per week.

 

Question 2

1 / 1 pts

According to the harmful dysfunction theory of mental disorders, when we try to determine what is abnormal, we should consider

  

cognitive contributions to irregular behaviors.

  

scientific or evolutionary data, as well as social values that provide context for the behavior.

  

behavioral, as well as psychoanalytic, components of abnormality.

  

the social constructs that regulate behavior and thought.

 

Question 3

1 / 1 pts

Which of the following is NOT a part of DSM-5’s definition of a mental disorder?

  

It is dysfunction in mental functioning.

  

It is clinically significant disturbance in cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior.

  

It is usually associated with significant distress or disability.

  

It consists of behaviors witnessed in less than 30% of the population.

 

Question 4

1 / 1 pts

The DSM is primarily authored by _____.

  

psychologists

  

social workers

  

counselors

   

psychiatrists

 

Question 5

1 / 1 pts

The DSM reflects a medical model of psychopathology. This means that

  

medication is the only acceptable form of treatment for mental disorders.

  

each mental disorder is an entity defined categorically and features a list of specific symptoms.

  

psychotherapy cannot be expected to succeed unless it is accompanied by medication.

  

each mental disorder is a by-product of a medical disorder centered in a part of the body other than the brain.

 

Question 6

1 / 1 pts

Emil Kraepelin was a pioneer of the diagnosis of mental disorders. Among the categories he identified were _____, which is similar to the current label of bipolar disorder, and _____, which is similar to the current label of schizophrenia.

  

anxiety neurosis, disorderly thought psychosis

  

anxiety neurosis, separation disorder

  

dementia praecox, separation disorder

  

manic-depressive psychosis, dementia praecox

 

Question 7

1 / 1 pts

DSM-5 contains a list of “unofficial” disorders that are not yet diagnosable. In what section of DSM-5 are these proposed disorders listed?

  

Initial Disorders for Discovery

  

Proposed Criteria Groups

  

Emerging Measures and Models

  

Disorders for Further Consideration

 

Question 8

1 / 1 pts

During the late 1800s and early 1900s, the primary purpose of diagnostic categories was

  

the diagnosis of prisoners.

  

to offer guidance toward particular forms of medication and psychotherapy.

  

compliance with health insurance and managed care company policies.

  

the collection of statistical and census data.

 

Question 9

1 / 1 pts

DSM-I and DSM-II

  

included lists of specific symptoms or criteria for each disorder.

  

were empirically based.

  

reflected a psychoanalytic orientation.

  

offered significant generalizability and clinical utility.

 

Question 10

1 / 1 pts

DSM-5 has received numerous criticisms. Which of the following is NOT a criticism discussed in the textbook?

  

DSM-5 was not expanded enough, and as a result the current edition includes approximately the same number of disorders as the original edition.

  

The membership of Work Groups was composed primarily of researchers, not clinicians.

  

DSM-5’s price is significantly higher than that of previous editions.

  

While developing DSM-5, the authors were selective and vague with information they shared with the general public.

 

Question 11

1 / 1 pts

Essentially, a categorical approach to diagnosis of mental disorders suggests that an individual

  

has every disorder to some extent.

  

either has or does not have a disorder.

  

can only be diagnosed with one disorder at a single point in time.

  

can have multiple disorders at the same time only if those disorders fall within the same larger category, such as depressive disorders or anxiety disorders.

 

Question 12

1 / 1 pts

In recent years, researchers have offered alternatives to the categorical approach to the diagnosis of mental disorders. Specifically, the _____ approach has received significant attention, especially regarding the _____ disorders.

  

multiaxial, mood

  

dimensional, anxiety

  

medical model, eating

  

dimensional, personality

 

Question 13

1 / 1 pts

Researchers who endorse the dimensional approach to diagnosis of mental problems most often recommend that _____ serve(s) as the basis for the dimensions.

  

Holland’s typologies

  

the Myers-Briggs types

  

cognitive thought distortion categories

  

the five-factor model of personality

 

Question 14

1 / 1 pts

Loraine is a clinical psychology graduate student conducting her first clinical interview with a client. While her client describes reasons for seeking treatment, Loraine finds herself distracted by internal thoughts such as, “What questions should I ask next?” and “When is the project due for my linear regression class?” In this instance, Loraine has the opportunity to improve which general skill of clinical interviewing?

  

Eye contact

  

Quieting yourself

  

Being self-aware

  

Developing positive working relationships

 

Question 15

1 / 1 pts

Dr. Huckabee is conducting a clinical interview with Megan. At the end of the interview, he ties together various topics that Megan discussed, connecting statements she made at various points, and identifies themes in the information she has provided. Which of the following techniques is Dr. Huckabee using?

  

Reflection of feeling

  

Paraphrasing

  

Clarification

  

Summarizing

 

Question 16

1 / 1 pts

Dr. Harris, a clinical psychologist, is interviewing a client with the primary purpose of determining whether the agency where Dr. Harris works can provide the services required by this client. In other words, Dr. Harris is conducting a(n) _____.

  

diagnostic interview

  

intake interview

  

structured interview

  

mental status exam

 

Question 17

1 / 1 pts

Dr. Rosen, a clinical psychologist in private practice, likes to combine elements of a structured interview and an unstructured interview with his patients. By blending these two approaches, Dr. Rosen is using what is known as a(n) _____ interview.

  

bi-dimensional

  

two-point

  

semistructured

  

eclectic

 

Question 18

1 / 1 pts

_____ validity is the extent to which an assessment technique has content appropriate for what is being measured.

  

Content

  

none of the above

  

Convergent

  

Discriminant

 

Question 19

1 / 1 pts

Dr. Brox creates a new assessment technique, the Superior Clinical Interval for Therapists (SCIT). We can say the SCIT has _____ if it measures what it claims to measure. We can say the SCIT has _____ if it yields consistent, repeatable results.

  

reliability, validity

  

statistical utility, clinical utility

  

clinical utility, statistical utility

  

validity, reliability

 

Question 20

1 / 1 pts

In the context of the clinical interview, the term quieting yourself is best described as

  

the interviewer’s efforts to control the volume of his speaking voice to match that of the client.

  

the interviewer’s efforts to control his own internal, self-directed thinking pattern in order to enhance listening.

  

the client’s efforts to remain quiet in order to fully attend to the interviewer’s questions.

  

the interviewer’s policy of remaining entirely silent during the interview in order to facilitate transference.

 

Question 21

1 / 1 pts

An important skill for a clinical interviewer is _____, which is best described as the ability to know how he tends to affect others interpersonally and how others tend to relate to him.

  

developing positive working relationships

  

being self-aware

  

quieting yourself

  

establishing rapport

 

Question 22

1 / 1 pts

Eye contact, body language, vocal qualities, and verbal tracking are specific types of _____.

  

rapport enhancers

  

behavioral psychotherapy techniques

  

attending behaviors

  

nonverbal interviewing

 

Question 23

1 / 1 pts

Cultural variables are important in the context of a clinical interview. For example, compared to traditional Western culture, Asian cultures tends to feature

  

more eye contact.

  

more eye contact between members of the opposite sex.

  

more physical touch.

  

less physical touch.

 

Question 24

1 / 1 pts

Which of the following is UNLIKELY to enhance rapport in a clinical interview?

  

Acknowledgment by the interviewer that the clinical interview is a unique, unusual situation

  

Efforts by the interviewer to notice how the client uses language, and then following the client’s lead

  

Efforts by the interviewer to put the client at ease, especially at the beginning of the interview

  

Excessive small talk used to distract the client from the awkwardness of the interview

 

Question 25

1 / 1 pts

Devlin and Nasar (2012) found that therapists and nonprofessionals asked to rate pictures of offices preferred clinicians’ offices that

  

featured bright lightening and personal photos.

  

arranged the furniture so the therapist could sit behind the client.

  

were orderly, spacious, and contained comfortable seats.

 

were smaller in size, creating an intimate atmosphere.

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