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Homework answers / question archive /   Which of the following is not a problem with using a dividend-based valuation formula a

  Which of the following is not a problem with using a dividend-based valuation formula a

Finance

 

  1. Which of the following is not a problem with using a dividend-based valuation formula

    a. dividends are arbitrarily established
    b. dividends represent a transfer of wealth to shareholders
    c. some firms do not pay a regular periodic dividend
    d. it is a challenge to forecast the final liquidating dividend
  2. Equity-based valuation models are based on all metrics except
    a.
    dividends
    b.
    cash flow
    c.
    working capital
    d.
    earnings
  3. One rationale for using expected dividends in valuation is
    a.
    Dividends are a necessary payment in order for a firm to have value.
    b.
    Dividends are paid in cash, and cash serves as a measurable common denominator for comparing the future benefits of alternative investment opportunities.
    c.
    Dividends are the most reliable measure of value because most companies payout dividends to shareholders.
    d.
    Dividend payout ratios are set based on profitability.
  4. When deriving the equity value of a firm, an analyst forecasts the real dividends expected to be paid in the future. In this case, which discount rate should be used?
    a.
    The nominal rate of return
    b.
    The real rate of return
    c.
    The risk free rate of return
    d.
    The risk adjusted rate of return
  5. Equity valuation models based on dividends, cash flows, and earnings have been the
    topic of many theoretical and empirical research studies in recent years. All of the following are true regarding these studies except:
    a.
    share prices in the capital markets generally correlate closely with share value
    b.
    share prices do not always equal share values
    c.
    temporary deviations of price from value occur
    d.
    unexpected changes in earnings, dividends, and cash flows do not correlate closely
    with changes in stock prices
  6. The historical discount rate of the firm may be a good indicator of the appropriate discount
    rate to apply to the firm in the future, when all of the following conditions hold true except:
    a.
    The current risk of the firm is the same as the expected future risk of the firm.
    b.
    Expected future interest rates are likely to equal current interest rates.
    c.
    The existing capital structure of the firm is the same as the expected future capital structure of the firm.
    d.
    The current mix of debt and equity financing is equal.
  7. Firm-specific factors that increase the firm's nondiversifiable risk include all of the following except:
    a.
    exposure to interest rate changes
    b.
    exposure to inflation
    c.
    exposure to management competence
    d.
    exposure to cyclicality
  8. Investors typically accept a lower risk-adjusted rate of return on debt capital than on equity capital because
    a.
    debt is typically less risky because fixed claims bear less residual risk than equity claims.
    b.
    equity bears less residual risk than debt.
    c.
    equity capital costs are tax deductible.
    d.
    the yield to maturity on equity is inversely related to its market value
  9. All of the following are steps in the analysis and valuation framework used to understand the fundamentals of a business and determine estimates of its value except:
    a.
    Analyze the firm's strategy in terms of the competition.
    b.
    Assess the quality of the firm's accounting and financial reporting.
    c.
    Derive forecasts of future earnings from the firm's projected financial statements.
    d.
    Obtain the national ranking of the firm's external auditors.
  10. Under the cash-flow-based valuation approach, free cash flows can be used instead of dividends as the expected future payoffs to the investor in the numerator of the general valuation model because:
    a.
    this approach focuses on earnings as a measure of the capital that a firm creates.
    b.
    over the life of the firm, the free cash flows into the firm and cash flows paid out of the firm in dividends to shareholders will be equivalent.
    c.
    over the life of the firm, the free cash flows out of the firm for investments and cash flows paid into the firm in dividends from these investments will be equivalent.

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