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   (1820) the crisis was over the expansion of slavery

History

 

  1.  (1820) the crisis was over the expansion of slavery. National disaster was averted by Henry Clay, in which Missouri would come in the Union as slave state, Maine would come in as a free state, and an imaginary 36/30 line would be drawn across the continent from the western border of Missouri. Any state that came in under that line (like Arkansas) would be a slave state. Anything above it (like Wisconsin) would be free.
  2.  (1815) New Englanders disenchanted with the War of 1812 who threatened to secede. One big reason why was their resentment over the 3/5 clause of the Constitution, which they felt gave slaveowners far too much power in Congress.
  3.  (1846-48) Creates crisis is revised with compromise of 1850
  4. Pennsylvania congressman Wilmot suggested that any new territory gained from Mexico would never be allowed to have slavery. (Before the war even started). He knows this is doomed to fail. In this moment of crisis, a group of politicians -- Henry Clay of Kentucky, Daniel Webster of Massachusetts, Stephen Douglas of Illinois -- worked desperately to find a solution which became the compromise of 1850
  5. Made California free, no slave trade in DC, popular sovereignty in Mexico, and stricter slave laws
  6. a series of laws passed by the Adams administration during a war scare with France in 1798, prompted a response in the Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions of 1799 in which states asserted the right to nullify laws they found unconstitutional. Though not about slavery directly, many Southerners considered slaveowning to be a matter of personal freedom, like free speech, that the national government had no right to limit.
  7.  (early 1830s) "was not about slavery but really was" (the fight was over a tax on exports). The tax was meant to support domestic industry by making foreign goods more expensive, when most Southerners had no interest in helping industry -- their economy was a slave economy -- and every interest in keeping prices low.

 

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