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Needs to be 7 pages


Needs to be 7 pages. Please no plagiarism. Saunders et al. (2003) therefore posited that the research philosophy shows the researcher’s overall perception of the way knowledge is constructed. To use and construct knowledge for any research of this nature, three major types of research philosophies may be selected. These are positivism, realism, and interpretivism (Remenyi, Williams, Money & Swartz, 2008). The current research made use of the positivism research philosophy. The positivism research philosophy has been explained as an approach to knowledge where the researcher uses scientific reasoning and law-like generalizations in the knowledge construction process (Adams & Schvaneveldt, 2011). This means that using positivism required the researcher to base on scientific processes that are generally empirical and evidence-based on showing how the GroupBased scheme could improve on XML labeling (Alstrup & Rauhe, 2002). It was also important to make use of law-like generalizations which could be interpreted in the form of hypotheses that could easily be tested for its validity.

Applying a second layer of labels and grouping the nodes based on the parent-child relationship may facilitate node insertions in dynamic XML data in an efficient way, offering inexpensive labels with an adequate label size growth rate in which it is easy to maintain structural relationships, as well as improved query performance.

The rationale that influenced the selection and use of positivism was the need to ensuring that the findings that resulted from the study could easily be assessed by others for validity and authenticity. This is because Green, Johnson, and Adams (2006) saw the positivism research philosophy as a very transparent structure that enhances the replication of findings from the study. Because of the scientific reasoning and law-like generalizations, it is always possible that the researcher’s reasons for drawing conclusions on the hypothesis can be easily tested.

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