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Homework answers / question archive / Question 1 1 / 1 pts The effect of ________ on ________ was vividly demonstrated in Zimbardo's (1971) classic study of a simulated prison

Question 1 1 / 1 pts The effect of ________ on ________ was vividly demonstrated in Zimbardo's (1971) classic study of a simulated prison


Question 1

1 / 1 pts

The effect of ________ on ________ was vividly demonstrated in Zimbardo's (1971) classic study of a simulated prison.


roles; behaviors



roles; attitudes


attitudes; behaviors


attitudes; roles



Question 2

1 / 1 pts

In the context of social movements, identify a brainwashing technique used for American prisoners of war (POWs) during the 1950s Korean War.


using the "start small and build" tactic


banning the utterance of public confessions


escalating demands abruptly


punishing active participants



Question 3

1 / 1 pts

Zimbardo attributed the behavior of the subjects in his Stanford prison study to:


his leadership behavior.


their failure to process relevant information.


the roles played by the subjects.


the personality traits of the prisoners.



Question 4

1 / 1 pts

You have recently been promoted to manager of the firm where you work. You decide to use your knowledge of social psychology to improve the working conditions of your subordinates. You know that dissonance theory predicts that attitudes will follow behaviors for which we feel some responsibility. Therefore, you decide to use ________ to elicit the desired behaviors in your subordinates.


promises rather than threats


reminders of your legitimate authority


only social punishments and rewards


only enough incentive


Question 5

1 / 1 pts

The tension that arises when a person's two thoughts or beliefs are inconsistent is called:


cognitive inconsistency.


cognitive dissonance.


cognitive interference.


cognitive tension.



Question 6

1 / 1 pts

Schnall and Laird's (2003) research revealed that individuals induced to repeatedly practice happy expressions tended to recall many happy memories and found their happy mood lingering. This is best explained by:


self-presentation theory.


self-perception theory.


cognitive dissonance theory.


self-consistency theory.



Question 7

1 / 1 pts

Which of the following theories assumes that to reduce discomfort we justify our actions to ourselves?


terror management theory


cognitive dissonance theory


self-consistency theory


self-presentation theory



Question 8

1 / 1 pts

Identify the true statement about role-playing studies.


It concludes that people remain unaffected by their surroundings and hardly change their behaviors to match up to those around them.


It confirms that people remain the same throughout these studies without undergoing any minor or major transformation in their behavior.


It highlights how an artificial role can subtly morph into what is real.


It infers that humans are powerless machines.



Question 9

0 / 1 pts

In a psychology experiment, the participants were required to frown during the first half of the day and smile during the remaining half. At the end of the day, the participants reported feeling more positive when they smiled rather than when they frowned. This scenario likely illustrates:


cognitive dissonance.


belief perseverance.


the overjustification effect.


the facial feedback effect.


Question 10

1 / 1 pts

Following the U.S. Supreme Court's 1954 decision to desegregate schools, the percentage of White Americans favoring integrated schools jumped and now includes nearly everyone. This is an example of how:


moral attitudes feed moral actions.


attitudes influence behavior when they are potent.


attitudes influence behavior when they are specific to the behavior examined.


moral actions feed moral attitudes.


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