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Homework answers / question archive / Assignment 4 Document Analysis Essay For this assignment, you are offered a choice

Assignment 4 Document Analysis Essay For this assignment, you are offered a choice


Assignment 4

Document Analysis Essay

For this assignment, you are offered a choice. Please select either Option A or Option B and complete the terms of the assignment found under either option.

 This assignment is to be submitted in WORD and in CMS (Chicago Manual Style) format.

Option A

If you liked writing the essays based on the primary sources that you completed for assignments one and three, you may write another similar style essay on the following question.

Key questions

Relevant chapter in Discovering the Western Past, 7th edition

1.  During the period from 1450 to 1540, what royal powers were involved with overseas expansion?  How did rivalries between Aragon and Castile and Portugal effect exploration and trading voyages to Africa and India?  How did the decisions and actions of the rulers of both the “exploring” countries and those “receiving” them in Africa and India shape the voyages? How were attitudes affected by written perceptions about the “visitors” and “hosts”? (Use all 9 sources as evidence to argue your essay)

Chapter 13

“Royal Power and Overseas Expansion”


The essay should be 1,500 words minimum, or roughly 6 double-spaced, typed pages, but no more than 7 full pages.

  • Follow the guidelines set out in Assignment 1.

  • Please indicate on your title page the Chapter name and number and the questions you are answering.

  • Consult the comments made by your instructor in earlier papers to improve with this one.

  • Run through the checklist for assignments.

  • If you have any questions, please contact the course instructor as soon as possible.

Due date: Consult the table “Assignments due dates” in the course syllabus.


Option B

Answer one of the following questions in essay form based on your reading of  CandideThe Manifesto of the Communist Party, or All Quiet on the Western Front. A few academic articles and other items are listed below on these three works to assist you with your understanding and analysis of the works.

  1. Upon his arrival in El Dorado, one might expect Candide to stay, having found a sort of paradise on earth. Yet Voltaire turns the tables once again and has his main character flee this earthly  paradise. What comment do you think Voltaire is making on human nature and mankind’s ability to know true happiness? You may wish to consider Pococurante’s apparent misery for part of your answer to this question.

  2. Why should we consider Candide a classic Enlightenment text? What issues does it raise that speak to the central concerns of the Enlightenment?

  3. What does the Manifesto of the Communist Party have to say about the exploitation of women in the industrial workforce?

  4. According to the Manifesto of the Communist Party, in what specific ways are working people being exploited by their superiors and/or employers? Point to particular passages in the text that illustrate or intimate how some classes are worse off than others.

  5. What does All’s Quiet on the Western Front inform us about the life of a soldier in the trenches in WWI?

  6. What does All’s Quiet on the Western Front say about the effects of war on the battlefield and on the home front?

To assist your answering of the questions on the books for this assignment in Option B, you may like to consult a general book on the historical movement/period/event and  use a few of the suggested articles (all accessible through the U of M library system). You may use others, but your main focus for the paper should be on the book you have selected as your main source.


Candide Sources:

Get a general  book from the library on Voltaire and the Enlightenment.

Dupré, Louis K., The Enlightenment and the Intellectual Foundations of Modern Culture, New Haven: Yale University Press, 2004.

Korsmeyer, Carolyn, “Is Paingloss Leibnitz?”, Philosophy and Literature, Vol. 1, No. 2, Spring 1977: 201-208.

Montluzin, Emily Lorraine de, “Everybody Apprehended an Earthquake: The Gentleman’s Magazine’s Reporting of the 1755 Lisbon Earthquake and Its Aftermath”,  Notes and Queries, Oxford University Press, 2014: 409-417.

Parker, Derek, Voltaire: The Universal Man, Stroud: Sutton, 2006.

Williams, David, The Enlightenment, Cambridge University Press, 1999.

Wright, Johnson Kent, “Introduction: Candide, Voltaire and the Enlightenment”, Academia, 2014: xiii-xxv.


Manifesto of the Communist Party Sources:

Get a general book from the library on Marx and Engels’ Communism

Ahmad, Aijaz, “The Communist Manifesto and the Problem of Universality”, Monthly Review: An Independent Socialist Magazine 50, No 2, June 1998.

Boyer, George R., “The Historical Background of the Communist Manifesto”, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol 12, No 4, Autumn 1998: 151-174.

Hamilton, Richard F., “The Communist Manifesto at 150”, Society, Jan/Feb 2001: 75-80.

Harding, Neil, “Marx, Engels and the Manifesto: Working Class, party, and proletariat”, Journal of Political Ideologies, 3:1, 1998: 13-44.

Laski, Harold J., “Introduction to the Communist Manifesto”, Social Scientist, Vol. 27, No. ¼, April 1999: 49-111.

Magubane, Bernard, “Engels: The Condition of the Working Class in England in 1844”, Dialectical Anthropology, 10, 1985:43-68.

Schumpeter, Joseph A., “The Communist Manifesto in Sociology and Economics”, Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 57, No. 3, June 1949: 199-212.

Week, Kathi, “The Critical Manifesto: Marx and Engels, and Utopian Politics”, Utopian Studies, vol, 24, No. 2, 2013: 216-231.


All Quiet on the Western Front Sources:

Get a general  book from the library on the First World War – home life and in the trenches.

Bernstein, J.A. “All is Not Quiet: Reading Remarque in a Warzone”, The Journal of Military Experience, 1-16.

Eksteins, Modris, “All Quiet on the Western Front and the Fate of a War”, Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 15, No. 2, April 1980: 345-366.

Fitzgerald, Gerard J., “Chemical Warfare and Medical Response During World War 1”, American Journal of Public Health, Vol. 98, No. 4, April 2008, pp. 611-625.

Monger, David, “Solders, Propaganda and Ideas of Home and Community in First World War Britain?”, Cultural and Social History, Vol. 8, Issue 3, 2011: 331-354.

Smith-Casanueva, Brent M. "Nation in Remarque's All Quiet on the Western Front and Eastwood's Flags of Our Fathers." CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture 14.1 (2012):

Winter, J.M. “Military Fitness and Civilian Health in Britain during the First World War”, Journal of Contemporary History, Vol. 15, No. 2, Apr., 1980: pp. 211-244,


The essay on your chosen book should be 1,500 words minimum, or roughly 6 double-spaced, typed pages (one side of the page only, please), but no more than 7 full pages and be submitted in WORD.

Formal university papers must:

    • have a separate title page: see Rampolla p. 151 for the proper format;

    • be typed or computer printed on one side of 8½ x 11” paper; and

    • be written in clear, formal prose.

Please do not use encyclopaedias, the web, or cite web sites for this assignment.

For Option A, everything you need may be found in the text Discovering the Western Past, 7th ed. Use it and cite from it. You may consult the main course text The West: Encounters and Transformations by Levack for background information, but do not cite from it as a source. For Option B, use the main book you select and use the supplementary bibliography given to complete your analysis as well as any other helpful sources you locate.

Indicate on your title page which question you are answering.


Note on quotations

Although you are encouraged to refer to and even to quote briefly from the primary documents, you should refrain from quoting from them at length. Block quotes of text are not acceptable for this assignment. However, you may find it useful to cite a few words or phrases here and there when  writing your essay. Think of including short quotes from primary documents as including “sound bites” from the past. They add flavour and support to your argument, if used efficiently. If you use any idea, fact or direct quote from the text, use proper footnoting technique as described in William K. Storey and Towser Jones, Writing History: A Guide for Canadian Students, 4th Ed., OUP, 2016. For example:

3.   Voltaire, Candide, trans. John Butt (Penguin, 1947), 41.

The best papers will exhibit a balance between a clear understanding of the source as a whole, as well as an historically informed but imaginative response to the question you are trying to answer. Pay close attention to the words in the primary sources—look for hidden or double meanings and, if you think it  will help, explain or query those meanings in your paper. Your paper will be graded for clarity, depth, organization, style, grammar, spelling, and the overall quality of your argument. Proofread and spell- check your work carefully before handing it in for grading. See the rubric sheet, “Grade Standard…” in the Preliminary Documents Package.

  • Remember to include a complete Title Page for your essay. Run through the checklist for assignments.

  • Correct any grammar and style errors noted in your previously marked essays

  • If you have any questions, please contact the course instructor as soon as possible.

Due date: Consult the table “Assignments due dates” in the course syllabus.

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