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Homework answers / question archive / Question 1) Examples of man-made disasters likely to occur in the United States today include:           Answers: Flooding and electrical storms   Heat waves and winter storms     Hazardous materials incidents   Earthquakes         Question 2         The nation's first county health department was formed in Yakima County, Washington, following the success of a sanitation campaign to control an epidemic of which disease in 1911?           Answers: Smallpox     Typhoid   Tuberculosis   Influenza         Question 3         The _________________ is the agency that tracks public health activities of local health departments

Question 1) Examples of man-made disasters likely to occur in the United States today include:           Answers: Flooding and electrical storms   Heat waves and winter storms     Hazardous materials incidents   Earthquakes         Question 2         The nation's first county health department was formed in Yakima County, Washington, following the success of a sanitation campaign to control an epidemic of which disease in 1911?           Answers: Smallpox     Typhoid   Tuberculosis   Influenza         Question 3         The _________________ is the agency that tracks public health activities of local health departments

Health Science

Question 1)

Examples of man-made disasters likely to occur in the United States today include:

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Flooding and electrical storms

 

Heat waves and winter storms

 

orrect 

Hazardous materials incidents

 

Earthquakes

 

 

 

 

  • Question 2

 

 

 

 

The nation's first county health department was formed in Yakima County, Washington, following the success of a sanitation campaign to control an epidemic of which disease in 1911?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Smallpox

 

orrect 

Typhoid

 

Tuberculosis

 

Influenza

 

 

 

 

  • Question 3

 

 

 

 

The _________________ is the agency that tracks public health activities of local health departments.

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Local Health Jurisdiction

 

Medical Reserve Corps

 

orrect 

National Association of County and City Health Officials

 

 

 

 

  • Question 4

 

 

 

 

_________________ argues that public health is properly a public matter and that its results in terms of death, disease, health, and well-being reflect the decisions and actions that a society makes, for good or for ill.

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Core Functions

 

Political philosophy

 

orrect 

Social Justice

 

Empowerment

 

 

 

 

  • Question 5

 

 

 

 

Which of these federal agencies is NOT considered part of the U.S. Public Health Service?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

 

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)

 

orrect 

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMMS)

 

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

 

 

 

 

  • Question 6

 

 

 

 

Average salaries for full-time equivalent workers of state and local health agencies:

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Have been declining steadily between 1998-2012

 

orrect 

Have been increased by 50% between 1998-2012

 

Have showed no change in recent years

 

Declined substantially since the year 2000

 

 

 

 

  • Question7

 

 

 

 

Which two lifestyle factors are the most important causes of preventable mortality in the United States?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Alcohol and obesity

 

Substance abuse and sexual activity

 

Stress and high blood pressure

 

orrect 

Tobacco and diet/physical activity

 

 

 

 

  • Question 8

 

 

 

 

Which of the following is NOT a focus of disease management?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

orrect 

Monitoring low-risk populations

 

Assisting patients to adhere to treatment regimens

 

Promoting provider coordination

 

Identifying medical complications

 

Promoting patient education

 

 

 

 

  • Question  9

 

 

 

 

Which of the following is the most frequently provided services by local health departments?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Adult immunizations

 

Tuberculosis screening

 

orrect 

Communicable disease surveillance

 

Food safety education

 

 

 

 

  • Question 10

 

 

 

 

According to the Public Health Workforce Enumeration 2000, what public health occupational category has the highest percentage of public health in the United States?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Occupational health & safety technician

 

Environmental engineering technician

 

Environmental health technician

 

orrect 

Public health nurse

 

 

 

 

  • Question 11

 

 

 

 

Which of the following pieces of legislation fostered the assignment of environmental responsibilities to state agencies?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

orrect 

Toxic Substance Control Act

 

Affordable Care Act

 

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

 

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act

 

 

 

 


  • Question 12

 

 

 

 

The majority of community health assessments are completed without the participation of the jurisdiction's local health department.

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

True

 

orrect False

 

 

 

 

  • Question 13

 

 

 

 

The author of the Report on the Sanitary Commission of Massachusetts - perhaps the most outstanding treatise in the history of American public health - was:

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

John Snow

 

Edwin Chadwick

 

orrect 

Lemuel Shattuck

 

W.H. Frost

 

 

 

 

  • Question 14

 

 

 

 

Based on a quick scan of Internet web sites, which of these organizations is most closely affiliated with local public health agencies across the United States?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

orrect 

National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO)

 

Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO)

 

American Public Health Association (APHA)

 

Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

 

 

 

 

  • Question 15

 

 

 

 

In which form of justice are collective actions leading to the assumption of additional burdens often necessary in order to assure the fair distribution of societal benefits?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Market justice

 

Judicial justice

 

orrect 

Social justice

 

Individual justice

 

 

 

 

  • Question 16

 

 

 

 

The MAPP model supports the identification of strategic community health issues by the findings of four assessments: community health status assessment, a forces of change assessment (an environmental scan), a community themes and strengths assessment, and a local public health systems assessment.

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

orrect True

 

False

 

 

 

 

  • Question 17

 

 

 

 

Direct contributing factors are scientifically established factors that directly affect the level of a determinant.

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

orrect True

 

False

 

 

 

 

  • Question 18

 

 

 

 

81% of public health workers fall into the professional, administrative, and technical categories in 2000.

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

orrect True

 

False

 

 

 

 

  • Question 19

 

 

 

 

According to the Public Health Workforce Enumeration 2000, what public health occupational category has the lowest percentage of public health in the United States?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

orrect 

Occupational health & safety technician

 

Environmental engineering technician

 

Environmental health technician

 

Public health nurse

 

 

 

 

  • Question 20

 

 

 

 

All of the following are essential public health services that are components of the policy development core function except:

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Informing, educating, and empowering people about health issues.

 

Mobilizing community partnerships to identify and solve health problems.

 

Developing policies and plans that support individual and community health efforts.

 

orrect 

Enforcing laws and regulations that protect health and ensure safety.

 

 

 

 

  • Question 21

 

 

 

 

When a person his healthy, without signs and symptoms of disease, illness or injury, the level of prevention most appropriate would be:

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

orrect 

Primary prevention

 

Secondary prevention

 

Tertiary prevention

 

No prevention is needed

 

 

 

 

  • Question 22

 

 

 

 

Which of the following is NOT a mortality-based indicator of health status in a population?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Life expectancy

 

orrect 

Prevalence rate

 

Crude mortality rate

 

Years of potential life lost

 

 

 

 

  • Question 23

 

 

 

 

Resources of the Strategic National Stockpile (formerly known as the National Pharmaceutical Stockpile) are provided to individuals:

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

By the American Pharmaceutical Association

 

By the local hospital pharmacy

 

orrect

Through the local public health agency when the state's governor has made a request for federal assistance following a biological or chemical attack

 

Through the local public health agency, for patients whose income falls below 200% of the federal poverty level

 

 

 

 

  • Question 24

 

 

 

 

Which of these pairs were NOT included among the so-called "Basic 6" services of public health that characterize public health practice over the first half of the 20th century in the United States?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Communicable disease control and health education

 

orrect 

Primary care and chronic disease prevention

 

Sanitation and laboratory services

 

Vital statistics and maternal and child health

 

 

 

 

  • Question 25

 

 

 

The overwhelming majority of U.S. local health departments are organized at what level of government?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

orrect 

County

 

City

 

Township

 

State

 

 

 

 

  • Question 26

 

 

 

 

A 1988 report issued by the _________________ identified assessment, policy development, and assurance as the core functions of public health.

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

orrect 

Institute of Medicine

 

Center of Medical Research

 

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

 

Behavioral Risk Factors Surveillance System

 

 

 

 

  • Question 27

 

 

 

 

The concept that government is responsible for ensuring that standards are met in every community developed with the 1979 revision of the Model Standards is referred to as:

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Primary care

 

Coordinated delivery

 

orrect 

Governmental presence in health

 

Eminent domain

 

 

 

 

  • Question 28

 

 

 

 

Which two occupational categories represent more than one-half of all public health-trained personnel in the U.S. workforce?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Public health physicians and public health dentists

 

Public health physicians and public health nurses

 

orrect 

Public health nurses and environmental health specialists

 

Epidemiologists and nutritionists

 

 

 

 

  • Question 29

 

 

 

 

What are the Category C biological agents?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

orrect 

Emerging infectious diseases & drug-resistant organisms

 

Non-infectious agents

 

Biological agents that pose little or no threat

 

Organisms not included in CDC categories

 

 

 

 

  • Question 30

 

 

 

 

There is strong evidence that the number of public health workers in the United States has been decreasing since 1980.

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

True

 

orrect False

 

 

 

 

  • Question 31

 

 

 

 

Immunizations fall into what category of disease prevention

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

orrect 

Primary prevention

 

Secondary prevention

 

Tertiary prevention

 

 

 

 

  • Question 32

 

 

 

 

Which of the following is included in the Initial "Basic Six" services of public health?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Develop laws and regulations for public health practice

 

Ethics

 

Respond to emergent situations

 

orrect 

Maternal and child health

 

 

 

 

  • Question 33

 

 

 

 

Public Health in America is a document developed by the Core Functions Project that characterizes the vision, mission, outcome aspirations, and essential services of public health.

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

orrect True

 

False

 

 

 

 

  • Question 34

 

 

 

 

The National Institutes of Health does which of the following?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Oversees the science of preventive medicine through basic science and peer-reviewed articles

 

orrect 

Steward of medical and behavioral research for the nation

 

Provides funds for the clinical services for the poor, aged, and totally disabled

 

Evaluates the safety of food and drugs

 

 

 

 

  • Question 35

 

 

 

 

The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services is a unit the Department of Health and Human Services.

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

orrect True

 

False

 

 

 

 

  • Question 36

 

 

 

 

Private insurance in the United States pays for approximately what percent of all national expenditures:

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

75%

 

50%

 

orrect 

33%

 

20%

 

 

 

 

  • Question 37

 

 

 

 

An example of collaboration between different levels of government agencies in an emergency/disaster could involve:

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

The mayor's office and the city health department.

 

City fire department and emergency medical services.

 

orrect 

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) and the governor's office.

 

Governor's office and State Homeland Security Agency.

 

 

 

 

  • Question 38

 

 

 

 

Which of the following was in the top five causes of death in both 1900 and 2000?

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

Tuberculosis

 

Accidents

 

orrect 

Heart disease

 

Diabetes

 

 

 

 

  • Question 39

 

 

 

 

The increased utilization of health care resources by the elderly is due to the high prevalence of _________________.

 

 

 

 

 

Answers:

orrect 

Chronic Conditions

 

Falls

 

Tobacco Use

 

Physical Inactivity

 

 

 

 

 

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