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Homework answers / question archive / Wilfrid Laurier University PS 102 1)Which theory of motivation best explains the non-goal-directed behaviours associated with curiosity? a

Wilfrid Laurier University PS 102 1)Which theory of motivation best explains the non-goal-directed behaviours associated with curiosity? a

Psychology

Wilfrid Laurier University

PS 102

1)Which theory of motivation best explains the non-goal-directed behaviours associated with curiosity?

a.            Arousal

b.            Drive reduction

c.             Incentive

d.            Instinct

2.            The midbrain structure that contains dopamine neurons essential for reinforcement learning is the

a.            corpus callosum.

b.            hippocampus.

c.             nucleus accumbens.

 

d.            ventral tegmental area.

3.            What brain structure sends “hunger” signals that cause an animal to eat?

a.            Lateral hypothalamus

b.            Pons

c.             Thalamus

d.            Ventromedial hypothalamus

4.            Which theory of hunger motivation proposes that activity in the lateral hypothalamus serves to inhibit the ventromedial hypothalamus, and vice versa?

a.            Arousal

b.            Dual-centre

c.             Incentive

d.            Instinct

5.            Blood levels of what hormone are positively related to sex drive in men, and to a lesser extent, in women?

a.            Estrogen

b.            Insulin

c.             Progesterone

d.            Testosterone

6.            The psychological characteristic most strongly related to the ability to delay gratification is

a.            impulse control.

b.            need for achievement.

c.             need for affiliation.

d.            predestination.

7.            The sweaty palms and rapid heartbeat we experience as anxiety are most directly related to activation of which portion of the nervous system?

a.            Autonomic nervous system

b.            Hippocampus

c.             Occipital lobes

d.            Somatic nervous system

8.            Which theorist suggested that physiological responses to a stimulus provide the basis for experiencing an emotion?

a.            Cannon

b.            James

c.             Schachter

d.            Watson

9.            According to the Cannon-Bard theory of emotion, which structure relays information about an emotionally-stirring event to the sympathetic nervous system?

a.            Anterior cingulate cortex

b.            Cerebellum

c.             Frontal cortex

d.            Thalamus

10.          Which statement best describes the difference between the psychological needs for affiliation and for achievement?

a.            Achievement is defined in the same way across different societies, but affiliation is not.

b.            Affiliation is a basic psychological need, but achievement is not.

c.             Affiliation is less important than achievement.

d.            Brain size influences the need for affiliation, but not achievement.

 

 

Fill-in-the-Blank

 

 

1.            Research on arousal and task performance has shown that difficult tasks are best performed under conditions of ______ arousal.

2.            The __________ theory of motivation looks to internal and external rewards as motivators of

behaviour.

3.            Rewarding stimuli often increases levels of the neurotransmitter ____________ in the brain.

4.            One biological factor related to obesity may be an insensitivity to __________, a protein used by the brain to regulate eating.

5.            Masters and Johnson found that men, but not women, have a _____________ period after orgasm

during which time they cannot have another orgasm.

6.            Social exclusion leads to measurable changes in the brain, particularly in the ________________ region of the frontal cortex.

7.            Research has shown that ______________ motivation is related to beneficial psychological characteristics

such as competence and autonomy.

8.            A driver who swerves to avoid a crash, then notices that his breathing and heartbeat are rapid, is experiencing the ____________ component of emotion.

9.            The finding that most people with spinal cord injuries can still experience emotional arousal is

supportive of the ____________ theory of emotion.

10.          Facial _________refers to the idea that smiling can lead to a happier mood.

 

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