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Homework answers / question archive / 1)By definition, new products are limited to significant technological innovations

1)By definition, new products are limited to significant technological innovations


1)By definition, new products are limited to significant technological innovations.              True    False


  1. New products can be tangible goods or services.       True    False


  1. Radical innovation that displaces or obsoletes current products and creates totally new product categories is critical to the future growth and survival of a firm.      True    False


  1. Business firms expect, and get, a high percentage of their sales and profits from new products.               

True    False


  1. A firm's global presence is no guarantee that it will automatically know how to efficiently manage its global operations.               True    False


  1. Firms with a global innovation culture have the most effective global new product programs.      

True    False


  1. An ideal new products team is essentially self-directed with limited or no cross-functionality.       

True    False


  1. The term "product innovation" usually applies to functions, especially those of manufacturing or distribution.      True    False


  1. New-to-the-firm products revolutionize existing product categories or define wholly new ones.               

True    False


  1. New-to-the-world products are less likely to require consumer learning.     True    False


  1. The number one reason for new product success is a unique superior product.       True    False


  1. The terms "product idea," "product concept," and "product prototype" are interchangeable and they are all about the same thing.              True    False


  1. Product portfolio management refers to the procedure that takes a new product idea through concept evaluation, product development, launch, and post-launch.            True    False


  1. Research has shown that at least 40 percent of firms assign a marketing manager whose job it is to manage the phased new products process.                True    False


  1. In a new product process, an evaluation task that includes conditional "Go" decisions is sometimes called a fuzzy gate.      True    False


  1. Well-known business writer, Gary Hamel, has described _____ as "the most important business issue of our time."    
    1. product distribution
    2. the creation of radical innovation
    3. advertising and marketing of services
    4. product line extensions


  1. Which of the following statements is true of the importance of new products?       A. The failure rate for new products is estimated to be around 90 percent.
    1. The new products process is exceedingly difficult.
    2. Radical innovation is detrimental to the survival of a firm.
    3. All the individuals involved in the creation of a new product generally belong to the same department.


  1. Which of the following is a reason for product failure in a firm?      
    1. Resorting to radical innovation with the new products process
    2. Avoiding the use of the ready—fire—aim approach in the product development process
    3. Chasing a moving target
    4. Paying too much attention to customer needs


  1. With reference to the new products process, a firm adopts the ready—fire—aim approach when it:               A. lacks senior management support.
    1. does not pay enough attention to quality.
    2. chases a moving target.
    3. does not do the required homework before beginning development.


  1. According to the latest Comparative Performance Assessment Study (CPAS), in comparison to the Rest, Best companies are:       
    1. more likely to use tradeoff analysis.
    2. less likely to rely on portfolio analysis for product selection.
    3. more likely to employ informal processes for selecting which concepts to develop.
    4. less likely to rely on online communities for information gathering.


  1. Which of the following firms will have the most effective worldwide new product programs?       A. Firms that have implemented total quality management
    1. Firms that use quality circles
    2. Firms that follow a global innovation culture
    3. Firms that are leaders in their respective industries


  1. Firms with a global innovation culture:           
    1. have a disadvantage in implementing global launches.
    2. are unwary of the differences in customer needs and preferences.
    3. can better manage the R&D tasks associated with the new products process.
    4. are only open to domestic markets.


  1. Rules of thumb that firms have found that work for them can be referred to as:    A. heuristics.
    1. syntaxes.
    2. synergies.
    3. charters.


  1. Products that are inventions and create a whole new market are called:    A. new-to-the-world products.
    1. new-to-the-firm products.
    2. "flanker" brands.
    3. improvised products.


  1. New-to-the-firm products are:            
    1. inventions that create a whole new market.
    2. products that take a firm into a category new to it.
    3. products that are new to the world, but are not new to the firm.
    4. products that are retargeted for a new use or application.


  1. New-to-the-firm products:       
    1. most likely require consumer learning.
    2. most likely involve the incorporation of a very new technology.
    3. tend to revolutionize existing product categories.
    4. are new to a company, but are not new to the world.


  1. _____ are also known as "flanker" brands.     
    1. Line extensions
    2. New-to-the-world products
    3. Improvised products
    4. Repositionings


  1. When a current product of a company has been enhanced to better serve consumer needs, the product will fall into the new product category of _____.     
    1. new-to-the-world products
    2. repositionings
    3. line extensions
    4. product improvements


  1. Ace Corporation is a manufacturer of powder and liquid dishwashing detergents. Owing to popular demand, the company introduces a single-load, scented, gel detergent encased in water-soluble bags designed to fit dishwasher detergent trays. The firm's new product is best described as a(n):    A. new-to-the-world product.
    1. line extension.
    2. repositioned product.
    3. improvised product.


  1. _____ refer to those products that are retargeted for a new use or application.     
    1. "Flanker" brands
    2. Line extensions
    3. Repositionings
    4. New-to-the-world products


  1. Zooky Inc. is a well-known manufacturer of bubble gums, candies, chewing gums, and edible breath strips. The company recently introduced a new range of sugar-free, antibacterial chewing gum. Zooky's new product can be best described as a(n):    A. line extension.
    1. new-to-the-firm product.
    2. new-to-the-world product.
    3. repositioned product.


  1. Luminos Co., a popular manufacturer of kitchen appliances, decides to enter the manufacturing sector of crockery and dinnerware. It markets a line of dinnerware, Illuminia, for the first time in its history. Its dinnerware will most likely fall into which of the following new product categories?               
    1. New-to-the-world products
    2. New-to-the-firm products
    3. Line extensions
    4. Product improvements


  1. Designethic Co. is known for selling cards, gift-wrapping materials, and collectibles. In a bid to compete with its counterparts, Designethic added fresh-cut flower arrangements to its range of product offerings in the year 2015. Into which of the following new product categories would the floral arrangements fall?    A. New-to-the-world products
    1. New-to-the-firm products
    2. Line extensions
    3. Repositionings


  1. To cater to the constant demands of its customers, Roltez Pretzels, a manufacturer of pretzels and extruded corn snacks, introduces honey-mustard pretzels to its product line. The honey-mustard pretzels are examples of:        
    1. new-to-the-world products.
    2. new-to-the-firm products.
    3. "flanker" brands.
    4. product improvements.


  1. In an attempt to extend the life of its brand of AquaFresh soap, Agate Inc., a soap manufacturer, makes certain enhancements to the characteristics and quality of its soaps. Agate's products would best fit into the new product category of:    A. line extensions.
    1. new-to-the-firm products.
    2. new-to-the-world products.
    3. product improvements.


  1. Which of the following categories of new products would present higher risks and uncertainties as well as associated costs of development and launch?            
    1. Line extensions
    2. New-to-the-world products
    3. Improvised products
    4. Repositionings


  1. Which of the following products define wholly new product categories and are most likely to require consumer learning or incorporate a very new technology?               
    1. Improvised products
    2. New-to-the-world products
    3. New-to-the-firm products
    4. Repositionings


  1. A "me-too" product is most likely a:    A. new-to-the-world product.
    1. new-to-the-firm product.
    2. repositioned product.
    3. reduced cost product.


  1. Which of the following statements is true of new product categories?         
    1. New product categories do not differ with regard to their associated risks and uncertainties.
    2. All new product categories are not necessarily innovations.
    3. Additions or revisions to existing product lines do not fall under the domain of new product categories.
    4. The least innovative category of new products is product repositionings.


  1. Which of the following is true of new product categories?                
    1. If a product is new-to-the-world, the risks and uncertainties faced by the firm are higher.
    2. If a product is new-to-the-firm, the associated costs of development and launch tend to be lower.
    3. Generally, all the new product categories are innovations.
    4. New product categories have to be managed in a similar fashion.


  1. Which of the following is the least innovative new product category?          
    1. Cost reductions
    2. Product improvements
    3. Line extensions
    4. Repositionings


  1. Which of the following is considered to be the most innovative category of new products?    A. Cost-reduced products
    1. New-to-the-firm products
    2. New-to-the-world products
    3. Line extensions


  1. Which of the following statements is true regarding invention?       A. An invention is usually patentable.
    1. To managers, invention is a dimension of complexity.
    2. There are far more innovations than inventions.
    3. An invention refers to the overall process whereby an innovation is transformed into a commercial  product.


  1. _____ refers to the overall process whereby an invention is transformed into a commercial product that can be sold profitably.      
    1. Innovation
    2. Attribution
    3. Brainstorming
    4. Pricing


  1. A marketing researcher is most likely to serve as a _____ in a new product development team.    A. functional representative
    1. process manager
    2. scientific advisor
    3. project leader


  1. The job of a _____ in the field of new product management is to help project managers develop and use good new product processes.        
    1. team executive
    2. process manager
    3. functional representative
    4. technical specialist


  1. A _____ assumes a leadership role that oversees a team of people representing various functional departments.               
    1. functional representative
    2. process manager
    3. project manager
    4. marketing researcher


  1. The _____, a strategy for new products, ensures that the new product team develops products that are in line with firm objectives and strategies and that address marketplace opportunities.    A. product prototype
    1. product portfolio
    2. product framework
    3. product innovation charter


  1. _____ helps a firm assess which new products would be the best additions to existing product lines, given both financial and strategic objectives.             
    1. A product finances charter
    2. Product portfolio management
    3. A product assessment matrix
    4. Product value-add assessment


  1. Which of the following is the first phase in the basic new products process?           
    1. Concept ideation and generation
    2. Opportunity identification and selection
    3. Project evaluation
    4. Product development


  1. What are the most important reasons for product failure?               





  1. Discuss the terms "product innovation" and "process innovation."                





  1. Describe the various categories of new products.      





  1. Briefly explain the terms: new products process, product innovation charter, and product portfolio management.    





  1. What is a fuzzy gate? Explain with an example.         








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