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Homework answers / question archive / University of Nevada, Las Vegas - PSY SHORT ANSWER 1) What role does serotonin play in regulating mood, and how is it associated with depression? Explain how Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) work to decrease depression

University of Nevada, Las Vegas - PSY SHORT ANSWER 1) What role does serotonin play in regulating mood, and how is it associated with depression? Explain how Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) work to decrease depression

Psychology

University of Nevada, Las Vegas - PSY

SHORT ANSWER

1) What role does serotonin play in regulating mood, and how is it associated with depression? Explain how Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) work to decrease depression.

 

 

2) Jane develops Anorexia Nervosa symptoms in her late teens a year after she started dieting with her friends. Her twin brother Jerry does not struggle with food and has little concerns about his body image. (1) Describe how changes in cultural reinforcements associated with adolescent development can help explain why Jane struggles with Anorexia and her brother does not. (2) Explain how Jane’s dieting might have contributed to her Anorexia. For part 2, demonstrate your understanding of the Key’s Minnesota Starvation Study in your answer.

 

3) Explain the conclusion of Shedler and Block’s (1990) longitudinal study that drug use is a symptom and not a cause of maladjustment. In your answer, include the name and a brief description of all 3 groups studied, how the groups differed as children, and how well adjusted the groups were as adults.

 

 

4) I will ask you to explain how you could use the OARS of Motivational Interviewing to treat someone who is suffering with a disorder we covered in this section of the course. For example: Kevin develops Hoarding Disorder in his mid 30s; he focuses on collecting bicycles. Explain how you could use the OARS of Motivational Interviewing to treat Kevin. For your answer, provide the label of each OARS step, a brief description of each step, and an example of each step applied to Kevin’s situation.

 

 

 

Anxiety, OCD related, and Stress DOs

 

  1. How does Roger’s humanistic perspective understand the cause and treatment of anxiety?

 

  1. What are the 4 elements of mindfulness?

 

  1. How are the Amygdala and GABA are associated with anxiety?

 

 

  1. What is the most common antianxiety drug, how does it work, and what is its biggest side effect?

 

  1. 3 cognitive new wave explanations for anxiety

 

 

 

  1. What are the 2 components of social anxiety that treatment focuses on?

 

  1. What is biofeedback, & how is it helpful to treat GAD?

 

 

  1. What is the biological challenge? Why & how is it used to treat Panic?

 

 

  1. What is “preparedness” and how does stimulus generalization of Specific phobias help explain GAD?

 

 

  1. Based on the lecture, what 2 common structures of the brain are OCD, Hoarding, & Body Dysmorphic associated with?

 

 

  1. Difference between obsessions and compulsions and their relationship to each other

 

 

  1. What aspect of neurofunctioning is most strongly linked to Hoarding?

 

 

  1. 4 general symptoms associated with Stress Dos

 

  1. What hormone seems most implicated in stress DOs?

 

 

  1. Common reasons why some people develop a Stress DO when exposed to stress and others do not.

 

 

  1. What is EMDR and what it is used to treat most often?

 

  1. What is Psychological Debriefing?

 

 

  1. What does the evidence say about the effectiveness of Psychological Debriefing?

 

 

Somatic & Dissociative DOs (~8 questions)

 

  1. What is the main difference between Somatic Symptom DO and Illness Anxiety DO?

 

  1. What are the 2 main categories of symptom dysfunction associated with Conversion DO?

 

  1. What personality characteristic is commonly associated with Conversion DO?

 

 

  1. What is la belle indifference?

 

 

 

  1. Know the 3 core brain connections to Somatoform DOs based on lecture

 

  1. Understand the 3 behavioral treatments for somatizing disorders

 

  1. For Amnesia DO, what is the difference between localized & generalized?

 

 

  1. What is specification w/ fugue?

 

 

  1. What are the 3 ways in which DID personalities differ from one another?

 

 

  1. DID is often associated with what historical vulnerability? What disorder is DID most often comorbid with?

 

 

  1. Understand the evidence for the Sociocognitive Explanation for Dissociative Identity Disorder.

 

  1. What are the common steps to treating DID?

 

Mood DOs

 

  1. What new child mood disorder was created for the DSM-V and why was it added?

 

 

  1. What are the 3 brain circuit locations most connected to Major Depression?

 

 

  1. Know the 5 sociocultural reasons explained in lecture why women have higher rates of depression than men

 

 

  1. What are the 3 common drug groups historically used to treat Depression?

 

  1. What is the dietary problem with MAO inhibitors?

 

 

  1. How quickly do SSRIs work for mood DOs?

 

 

  1. What is the most common problematic side effect of SSRIs?

 

 

  1. Treatment Resistant Depression

 

 

  1. Mania

 

 

  1. How the permissive theory of neurotransmitters explains the cause of Bipolar versus Depression?

 

 

  1. What are the two most common drug therapies for Bipolar DO

 

  1. When does psychotherapy tend to work for Bipolar DO?

 

 

  1. 5 steps in the assessment of suicide risk

 

 

Eating DOs

 

        1. Difference between purging and nonpurging types of eating DO’s

 

  1. What is a binge episode?

 

 

 

  1. What are the most common compensatory behaviors associated w/ Bulimia?

 

  1. What are the common differences in people who suffer with Bulimia versus people who suffer with Anorexia?

 

 

  1. How are mood DO’s and eating DO’s related?

 

  1. What groups of women are more likely to suffer from eating DOs?

 

 

  1. What are the two stages in treating Anorexia?

 

 

  1. 3 phases of the Maudsley approach for Anorexia.

 

 

 

  1. 3 phases of Interpersonal Therapy

 

  1. How does it compare to CBT as an effective treatment for Bulimia?

 

 

  1. With respect to Bulimia & Anorexia, who is more likely to receive in-patient treatment and antidepressant therapy?

 

 

Substance Use DOs

 

  • 1. What are the most commonly used depressants?

 

    1. What neurotransmitters do Heroine and Alcohol mimic or enhance?

 

          1. Why is overdosing with Heroine so common, and what can happen during overdose?

 

          1. What is the most commonly used stimulant?

 

  1. What neurotransmitters do Cocaine & Meth most directly influence?

 

 

  1. What neurotransmitter does LSD most directly influence?

 

 

  1. Understand the difference between triggers & self-medication as hypotheses for substance use; what is the evidence for each?

 

  1. What two things are most responsible for the supposed “gateway effect” of Cannabis?

 

  1. 3 ingredients of severe addiction

 

 

  1. Understand the association between these personality traits and addiction impulsivity, external locus of control, neuroticism

 

  1. According to research, how do 12 step programs like AA work? They are most effective for what types of people?

 

 

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