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Homework answers / question archive / Lone Star College System, North Harris - PSYC 1301 Chapter 3: The Stuart Stress Adaptation Model of Psychiatric Nursing Care Test Bank MULTIPLE CHOICE 1)Which statement can a nurse use to best describe the Stuart Stress Adaptation Model to someone who is unfamiliar with it? “The model recognizes the limitations of the nursing process and organizes treatment along critical pathways

Lone Star College System, North Harris - PSYC 1301 Chapter 3: The Stuart Stress Adaptation Model of Psychiatric Nursing Care Test Bank MULTIPLE CHOICE 1)Which statement can a nurse use to best describe the Stuart Stress Adaptation Model to someone who is unfamiliar with it? “The model recognizes the limitations of the nursing process and organizes treatment along critical pathways

Psychology

Lone Star College System, North Harris - PSYC 1301

Chapter 3: The Stuart Stress Adaptation Model of Psychiatric Nursing Care Test Bank

MULTIPLE CHOICE

1)Which statement can a nurse use to best describe the Stuart Stress Adaptation Model to someone who is unfamiliar with it?

    1. “The model recognizes the limitations of the nursing process and organizes treatment along critical pathways.”
    2. “The model bases psychiatric nursing practice on principles derived from nursing science and establishes generic goals for each discrete stage of psychiatric treatment.”
    3. “The model integrates biopsychosociocultural, environmental, and legal-ethical aspects of psychiatric nursing care into a unified framework for practice throughout the care continuum.”
    4. “The model is based primarily on the medical model and organizes psychiatric nursing practice according to discrete treatment stages, selected treatment settings, and legal mandates.”

 

 

  1. A nurse states, “I don’t understand why the Stuart Stress Adaptation Model uses both the health/illness and adaptation/maladaptation continua.” The best reply is:
    1. “The more information that’s contained within the model, the more realistically it represents life.”
    2. “The model recognizes that nature is ordered as a social hierarchy from simple to complex. The health/illness continuum is a simple concept; the adaptation/maladaptation continuum is more complex.”
    3. “To integrate the theory of four stages of psychiatric treatment, Stuart had to have a health/illness frame of reference. The adaptation/maladaptation continuum was necessary to complement the holistic framework.”
    4. “The health/illness continuum reflects a medical world view, whereas the adaptation/maladaptation continuum is derived from nursing’s world view. The two reflect the complementary nature of the nursing and medical models of practice.”

 

 

  1. A patient in the emergency room of a local community hospital is crying uncontrollably and repeating over and over, “He will hurt me if I don’t get away from him. You have to help me, please.” Which of the following interventions reflects attention to care in the manner advocated by the assumptions stated in the Stuart Stress Adaptation Model?
    1. Getting a health care provider to prescribe a sedative for the patient
    2. Asking the patient to provide more details about “what he will do”
    3. Beginning the nursing process by conducting a nursing assessment
    4. Putting the patient in a quiet room to minimize environmental stimuli

 

 

  1. An adolescent who belongs to a neighborhood gang has been caught both lying and stealing by a parent. After psychiatric testing determines that the adolescent is able to adequately test reality and has no symptoms of a major psychiatric disorder, the most likely finding will be that the child’s behavior demonstrates:
    1. healthy deviant.
    2. healthy conformist.
    3. unhealthy deviant.
    4. unhealthy conformist.

 

  1. Which criterion of mental health is a nurse assessing when exploring a patient’s sense of self- determination, balance between dependence and independence, and acceptance of the consequences of behavior?
    1. Autonomy
    2. Integration
    3. Reality perception
    4. Environmental mastery

 

 

  1. A patient states, “Sometimes I hear voices when no one else is in the room telling me that people are plotting to hurt me.” This patient is experiencing impairment of which criterion of mental health?

 

    1. Autonomy
    2. Integration
    3. Reality perception
    4. Environmental mastery

 

 

  1. A nurse documents that a patient is appropriately emotionally responsive, in control, and expresses a unified philosophy of life. This implies that the patient has met the mental health criterion of:
    1. autonomy.
    2. integration.
    3. reality perception.
    4. environmental mastery.

 

 

  1. A patient mentions, “No one else I know is mentally ill.” What reply would help the patient understand the extent of mental illness?
    1. “You are not unique; many people experience mental illness.”
    2. “Let’s concern ourselves with you and getting you well again.”
    3. “Being among people who understand your problem and want to help is what is important.”
    4. “You are truly not alone; almost 50% of adults experience some kind of mental illness.

 

 

  1. On the basis of predictions from the Global Burden of Disease Study, mental health professionals should be most concerned with increasing primary prevention efforts for:
    1. alcohol abuse.
    2. schizophrenia.
    3. bipolar disorder.
    4. major depressive disorder.

 

 

 

  1. The spouse of a patient with major depressive disorder tells a nurse, “I feel hopeless about my spouse’s condition. It’s not like a physical illness that he can recover from.” Which response will best reassure the spouse?
    1. “That’s not true. People with mental illness get well more than 90% of the time.”
    2. “While your concerns about your spouse’s recovery are understandable, great strides have been made with the use of new antidepressants.”
    3. “It’s not right to try to make comparisons between the effectiveness of treatment of mental and physical illnesses. It’s like comparing apples and oranges.”
    4. “New studies show that treatment of depression is effective 65% to 80% of the time, whereas treatments for heart disease and cancer are often only 40% effective.”

 

 

  1. The greatest barrier to treatment for the mentally ill can be minimized by:
    1. possessing adequate insurance coverage.
    2. implementing effective treatment modalities.
    3. employing sufficient numbers of mental health practitioners.
    4. formulating appropriate, accurate assessment tools for diagnosis.

 

 

  1. Which predisposing factors most influence mental illness?
    1. Risk factors that influence a person’s vulnerabilities and the type and amount of resources used to handle stress
    2. Biological factors, such as genetic background, general health, nutritional status, and exposure to toxins
    3. Psychological factors, such as intelligence, morale, self-concept, motivation, and past experiences

 

    1. Sociocultural characteristics, such as education, income, occupation, culture, religion, and relatedness

 

 

  1. Precipitating stressors are stimuli that:
    1. society views as being deviant or troublesome.
    2. the family views as disruptive or burdensome.
    3. the patient views as challenging, threatening, or demanding.
    4. the nurse views as noxious, overwhelming, or culturally unacceptable.

 

 

  1. Which individual would a nurse consider to be at the highest risk for the onset of stress- related problems?
    1. A patient whose beloved parent died 3 months ago and who has lost a job because of corporate restructuring. The patient states, “Living with loss and the threat of loss makes me feel helpless.”
    2. A patient who was passed over for promotion and quit to start a new business. The patient states, “This is just one of a series of challenges I’ve faced in my life.”
    3. A patient who is graduating from college and will be married in one month. The patient states, “I’m anticipating the changes these events will make in my life.”
    4. A married patient whose new business is growing slowly and who plans to adopt a child. The patient says, “I think I’m in control of my destiny.”

 

 

  1. A nurse taking the history of a patient diagnosed with depression discovers that the patient has a number of life strains and daily hassles. The patient and patient’s spouse argue frequently, the teenage children in the family are rebellious, and there is seldom enough money to meet all the bills. In what way is this information relevant?

 

    1. Negative life events are more likely to negatively affect physical health than mental health.
    2. Daily hassles are a source of considerable stress and may affect mood more than major misfortunes.
    3. Life strains associated with the work role are most predictive of the development of major depression.
    4. Stressful life events are largely overrated as precipitating stressors that lead to the onset of symptoms.

 

 

  1. A patient has decided to resign from a job that involved many daily hassles. Using Caplan’s theory of response to stress, the patient can be seen to be using:
    1. behavior that adjusts the patient’s appraisal of the stress.
    2. behavior that allows the patient to escape from the stressful environment.
    3. intrapsychic behavior in order to defend against unpleasant emotional arousal.
    4. intrapsychic behavior to come to terms with the event by internal readjustment.

 

 

  1. A patient newly diagnosed with Chron’s disease shares she is spending several hours each week on the Internet seeking information about the illness. The nurse can correctly hypothesize that this patient is initially:
    1. engaged in a search for meaning.
    2. devising a new coping strategy.
    3. making a social attribution.
    4. making a social comparison.

 

 

  1. A major difference between coping resources and coping mechanisms is that:
    1. coping resources are adaptive, whereas coping mechanisms are usually maladaptive.
    2. coping resources are assets, whereas coping mechanisms can be assets or liabilities.

 

    1. individuals have multiple coping resources, but coping mechanisms are limited in number.
    2. available coping resources are more predictive of outcome than are the coping mechanisms used.

 

 

  1. A comparison of the nursing and medical models of care shows that:
    1. nurses assess disease states and causes.
    2. physicians assess risk factors and vulnerability.
    3. nursing intervention focuses on curative treatments.
    4. nursing diagnoses focus on the effectiveness of coping responses.

 

 

  1. Nursing diagnoses:
    1. provide a way for all health professionals to view a patient holistically and to combat the problem of mind-body dualism.
    2. complement medical diagnoses and are best described as the patient’s behavioral response to stress.
    3. offer an alternative to health professionals who wish to use complementary treatment modalities in lieu of traditional medical treatment.
    4. contribute little in the everyday clinical setting but do provide nurses with a common language to use for research on outcomes of standard nursing interventions.

 

 

  1. The spouse of a patient diagnosed with schizophrenia asks a nurse, “How will I know if my spouse becomes psychotic?” The nurse replies:
    1. “His behavior will become very unpredictable.”
    2. “Speech becomes very disorganized and inappropriate.”
    3. “Social skills are greatly impaired resulting in the tendency to isolate.”
    4. “He will demonstrate thinking and behaviors that are based in reality.”

 

 

  1. The nurse initiates the nursing process for the purpose of managing the psychiatric care for a patient with a maladaptive stress response when:
    1. admission orders have been written by the admitting physician.
    2. diagnostic tests rule out the presences of any organic pathology.
    3. the patient relationship with the nurse has been established.
    4. the nurse makes initial contact with the patient.

 

 

  1. A patient became acutely anxious and hysterical in response to the stress of the patient’s home being destroyed by fire the previous evening. A nurse assesses the patient’s treatment stage as:
    1. crisis.
    2. acute.
    3. maintenance.
    4. health promotion.

 

 

  1. A patient became acutely anxious and hysterical in response to the stress of the patient’s home being destroyed by fire the previous evening. The immediate nursing goal for the patient is the:
    1. patient will be stabilized.
    2. illness will go into remission.
    3. patient will completely recover.
    4. patient will achieve optimal wellness.

 

 

 

  1. A delusional patient believes that the accidental death of a child was actually caused by aliens. He has become severely anxious believing he is also in danger. During the acute stage of treatment, the expected outcome of nursing care is the:
    1. patient will experience symptom relief.
    2. nurse will validate the patient’s strengths.
    3. patient will identify vulnerabilities that led to the symptoms.
    4. nurse will focus on the patient’s quality of life and well-being.

 

 

  1. A patient is diagnosed with bipolar disorder and hospitalized. According to the Stuart Stress Adaptation Model, nursing interventions for this stage of treatment will focus on:
    1. inspiring and validating the patient.
    2. managing the environment to provide safety.
    3. mutual treatment planning, modeling, and teaching adaptive responses.
    4. reinforcement of the patient’s adaptive coping responses and advocacy.

 

 

  1. A patient was diagnosed with bipolar disorder and hospitalized. The symptoms went into remission, and the patient was recently discharged to the community. During this stage of treatment the expected outcome will be that the patient will:
    1. be safe from harm.
    2. experience symptom relief.
    3. demonstrate improved functioning.
    4. attain an optimal quality of life in the community.

 

 

 

  1. A nurse caring for a patient suspects that the patient has a personality disorder in addition to presenting with maladaptive stress response. To confirm this, the nurse would look in the patient’s medical record on the DSM-IV-TR Axis:
    1. I.
    2. II.
    3. IV.
    4. V.

 

 

  1. A nurse caring for a patient wonders how the patient’s functioning has been evaluated in the past. To learn this, the nurse would look in the medical record on the DSM-IV-TR Axis:
    1. I.
    2. II.
    3. IV.
    4. V.

 

 

  1. A nurse caring for a patient would look at DSM-IV-TR Axis III to obtain information about the patient’s:
    1. clinical syndromes.
    2. general medical conditions.
    3. global assessment of functioning.
    4. psychosocial and environmental problems.

 

 

MULTIPLE RESPONSE

 

  1. A nurse assessing a patient is interested in the patient’s appraisal of a recent divorce as a stressor. To obtain this information, it is important for the nurse to gather data about which of the patient’s responses. (Select all that apply.)
    1. Affective

 

    1. Behavioral
    2. Physiological
    3. Cognitive
    4. Ethical

 

 

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