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Homework answers / question archive / Question 1) Compared to children with ADHD, children with oppositional defiant disorder           Answers: a

Question 1) Compared to children with ADHD, children with oppositional defiant disorder           Answers: a

Psychology

Question 1)

Compared to children with ADHD, children with oppositional defiant disorder

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

are more impulsive.

 

b. 

are more deliberate in their unruly behavior.

 

c. 

are more likely to be male.

 

d. 

have more attentional deficits.

     
  • Question 2

 

   
 

Shannon, a junior in high school, was recently suspended from school for stealing money from ninth-graders, writing graffiti on the bathroom walls, and beating up another student. Shannon's teacher reports that she has very few friends. The most likely diagnosis for Shannon would be

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.

 

b. 

antisocial personality disorder.

 

c. 

 oppositional defiant disorder.

 

d. 

conduct disorder.

     
  • Question 3

 

   
 

 __________ therapists try to alter the patient’s present-day views of the childhood problems assumed to underlie the personality disorder.

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

Psychodynamic

 

b. 

Cognitive

 

c. 

Behavioral

 

d. 

Psycholinguistic

     
  • Question 4

 

   
 

Rather than including a single diagnosis for dyslexia, the DSM-5

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

combines it with other problems into Specific Learning Disorders.

 

b. 

clarifies subtypes of reading disorders based on age of onset.

 

c. 

clarifies subtypes of reading disorders based on gender.

 

d. 

includes most reading problems with intellectual disability.

     
  • Question 5

 

   
 

Yolanda vacillates between feeling extremely positive feelings for her friend and having extreme negative feelings for her, often for no apparent reason. When these changes in her disposition occur, she also experiences deep depression and sometimes engages in self-injurious behavior. On the basis of this information, Yolanda most likely has __________ personality disorder.

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

schizoid

 

b. 

borderline

 

c. 

obsessive-compulsive

 

d. 

paranoid

     
  • Question 6

 

   
 

Wanda, a 12-year-old girl with severe intellectual disability, was taught to dress herself using the following approach: First, her teacher broke down the behavior of getting dressed into a number of smaller steps, like pulling the neck hole over her head, putting her arm into a shirt sleeve, and then putting the other arm in. Each step was then demonstrated to Wanda, and she was rewarded for each small movement toward the goal. This approach is called

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

behavioral rehearsal.

 

b. 

applied behavior analysis.

 

c. 

self-instructional training.

 

d. 

behavior contracting.

     
  • Question 7

 

   
 

The difference between “insanity” and “competency” is that

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

insanity involves a person’s state at the time of the crime.

 

b. 

insanity is a legal, not a mental health, category

 

c. 

insanity has less serious consequences.

 

d. 

the criteria for insanity are more clear-cut.

     
  • Question 8

 

   
 

The DSM-5 categorizes all of the following as neurodevelopmental disorders EXCEPT

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

learning disorders.

 

b. 

autism spectrum disorders.

 

c. 

motor disorders.

 

d. 

feeding disorders.

     
  • Question 9

 

   
 

Which of these personality disorder clusters is complete?

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

avoidant personality disorder, self-defeating personality disorder, obsessive-compulsive personality disorder, dependent personality disorder

 

b. 

antisocial personality disorder, borderline personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder

 

c. 

paranoid personality disorder, schizoid personality disorder, avoidant personality disorder, schizotypal personality disorder

 

d. 

antisocial personality disorder, narcissistic personality disorder, paranoid personality disorder

     
  • Question 10

 

   
 

You witness a young child in the grocery store kicking and screaming because his mother won’t buy him candy. Which of the following DSM- 5 disorders would apply to the child?

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

conduct disorder

 

b. 

oppositional defiant disorder

 

c. 

It depends on the mother's response; if she gives in, the behavior is probably not a disorder, but the result of poor parenting strategies.

 

d. 

There is not enough information provided to make a diagnosis. In addition, it depends on the child's age and other factors.

     
  • Question 11

 

   
 

Which of the following rights of clients has a legal (not just ethical) basis?

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

confidentiality

 

b. 

informed consent

 

c. 

privileged communication

 

d. 

choice of goals

     
  • Question 12

 

   
 

Saks’ argument about dissociative identity disorder as an insanity defense is that

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

the body that commits the crime should be held responsible, regardless of whether the “person” was conscious of the crime being committed.

 

b. 

the person, not the body, is responsible for a crime.

 

c. 

dissociative identity disorder is usually faked by criminals pleading insanity and thus should not be an allowable defense.

 

d. 

since therapy for dissociative identity disorder is not usually effective, confinement to a prison mental hospital is illogical.

     
  • Question 13

 

   
 

Generally speaking, children exposed to trauma

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

do not re-experience the traumatic events or avoid trauma-related situations as adults do.

 

b. 

almost always develop PTSD.

 

c. 

rarely develop PTSD.

 

d. 

experience the same symptoms as adults exposed to trauma.

     
  • Question 14

 

   
 

Most states hold that a person can be involuntarily committed to a mental hospital

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

if found to be mentally ill.

 

b. 

if found to be mentally ill and a danger to themselves or others.

 

c. 

only if he or she has committed a crime.

 

d. 

only if he or she has committed a violent crime.

     
  • Question 15

 

   
 

George killed his two children because he believed he heard voices telling him that if he did not kill them, his neighbor would. His defense attorney argued that due to George’s insanity at the time of the crime, he should not be held responsible for the crime and should thus be acquitted of the crime. Which of the following best describes the plea that George's defense attorney made?

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

Not Guilty but Mentally Ill

 

b. 

The Durham test

 

c. 

Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity

 

d. 

Guilty but Mentally Insane

     
  • Question 16

 

   
 

Which of the following is emphasized in Linehan’s Dialectical Behavior Therapy for borderline personality disorder?

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

systematic assessment before therapy begins

 

b. 

calm acceptance of contradictions and acting out

 

c. 

focusing on fears of vulnerability in a dangerous, unpredictable world

 

d. 

setting appropriate limits clearly from the beginning

     
  • Question 17

 

   
 

When a person did not know the nature and quality of the criminal act in which he or she engaged, or, if the person did know it, the person did not know what he or she was doing wrong is an issue that is addressed by the

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

Irresistible impulse rule.

 

b. 

M’Naghten rule.

 

c. 

American Law Institute Guidelines.

 

d. 

Insanity Defense Reform Act.

     
  • Question 18

 

   
 

Individuals with borderline personality disorder are difficult to treat because

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

their intellectual functioning is too low for them to reach true insights.

 

b. 

they do not feel distressed, despite being so distressing to others.

 

c. 

they have extreme difficulty trusting others, including a therapist.

 

d. 

all of the above.

     
  • Question 19

 

   
 

Which of the following is NOT a personality disorder

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

Somatoform.

 

b. 

Schizoid.

 

c. 

Histrionic.

 

d. 

Dependent.

     
  • Question 20

 

   
 

Which of the following distinguishes children with ADHD from other children?

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

extreme distractibility.

 

b. 

anxiety.

 

c. 

problems only in classroom.

 

d. 

poor social understanding.

     
  • Question 21

 

   
 

Compared to normal personality styles, personality disorders are more

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

bizarre and out of control.

 

b. 

dangerous and immoral.

 

c. 

inborn and physiological.

 

d. 

pervasive and inflexible.

     
  • Question 22

 

   
 

Outpatient commitment

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

is a method of forcibly hospitalizing unwilling people with mental illnesses.

 

b. 

seeks to reduce violence in patients discharged from hospitals by requiring treatment compliance.

 

c. 

allows hospitalized patients to live independently with a case manager who visits the patient every week.

 

d. 

is often accompanied by decreased medication compliance.

     
  • Question 23

 

   
 

A primary characteristic of histrionic personality disorder is

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

avoidance of others.

 

b. 

multiple, vague physical complaints.

 

c. 

overly dramatic and attention-seeking behavior.

 

d. 

inability to make realistic life plans.

     
  • Question 24

 

   
 

Stimulant drugs have which of the following effects on hyperactive children?

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

increased activity level.

 

b. 

immediate and steady improvement in academic achievement.

 

c. 

short-term improvements in attention, goal-directed activity and behavior

 

d. 

addiction to the medication

     
  • Question 25

 

   
 

Which of the following is true regarding the right to refuse treatment?

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

It does not apply if a person is judged to be at risk for becoming dangerous to others.

 

b. 

It does not apply if a person is a danger to themselves or to others.

 

c. 

It applies only to those in the least restrictive environment.

 

d. 

It applies to criminal commitment but not civil commitment.

     

 

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