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Homework answers / question archive / Final Project: Case Study Instructions No directly quoted material may be used in this project paper

Final Project: Case Study Instructions No directly quoted material may be used in this project paper

Sociology

Final Project: Case Study

Instructions

No directly quoted material may be used in this project paper.

 

Final Project: Case Study

 

Ethical dilemmas permeate the criminal justice. At every level, in each segment of the system, people are exercising discretion that will influence the fate of an individual and/or the security of the community. Incongruous laws, regulations, policies and practices create conflicts and distort the basis upon which judgments are made. Very often these conflicts result in an ethical dilemma. Which is the appropriate course of action? What is the moral/ethical rational for the decisions that were made? What purposes or principles are served? This project will ask you to consider a sequence of decisions (do, or not do) all of which contribute, directly or indirectly the final scene.

 

For each of the three (3) scenarios, your assignment is to:

 

 Examine each situation and describe the ethical and/or moral question,

 Describe what you believe to be the motivation of the actor and the potential consequences of BOTH/EACH options,

 Identify the decision you believe the actor SHOULD make, and

 Provide the ethical basis for your decision.

 Connect the ethical basis for your decision to ethical theories introduced at the beginning of the course and explain the rational for this connection.

 Each decision must be considered separately and not be influenced by earlier decisions and/or actions.

 This project is an opportunity for the student to demonstrate their understanding of ethics and value-based decisions. Most of these situations do not have a single correct answer. Grading is NOT based on solving the problem that is presented to the actor but in identifying the ethical dilemmas and determining and explaining the most ethical course of action.

 

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

 1. The judge

 

Judge Jeffery Owens is very troubled by the felony case before him.  The defendant, Woodrow Wilson, had been found guilty of armed robbery of a liquor store.  The case alleged that Wilson had a handgun in plain sight when he entered the Sin-Yon liquor store, that he hit the owner in the head with the weapon and forced him to open the cash drawer. Fleeing the scene on foot, Woodrow only got a few blocks before responding police officers spotted him and made the arrest. The prosecutor, armed with the recovered cash, video surveillance and an eyewitness as evidence had an easy case. Now it is time for sentencing.

 

Jeffery saw the demonstration of business owners in the hallway when he entered the courthouse that morning. They were chanting “Justice for our victims” and were demanding a lengthy prison sentence. The Pre-Sentence Investigation report said Wilson was suffering from acute addiction and associated mental problems that had caused these violent (but not criminal) outbreaks in the past. There is no information in the file that Wilson has ever received treatment for his disorders. Jeffery knows that, due to budget cuts, the state prison system has very little in the way of addictive or behavioral disorder treatment programs. The prisons had reverted to merely warehousing inmates. However, he had read that the county jail had received a federal grant to establish exactly the kind of services that it appeared Wilson needed. Obviously, he had no way of knowing if this or any treatment would be successful for Wilson.

 

 Sentencing guidelines were established to ensure that defendants convicted of similar offenses received similar punishments. According to the sentencing guidelines, Wilson should be sentenced to 5-7 years in the state correctional prison system. Jeffery knows that the business community was calling for the maximum sentence. The county jail only took inmates sentenced to eighteen months or less. What sentence should Judge Owens impose on Mr. Wilson? 

 

 

2. The District Attorney

 

Jessica ran a successful campaign for district attorney on a very conservative platform generally critical of the incumbent's inability or unwillingness to prosecute police misconduct with criminal charges. The city’s police chief did not support her campaign. He felt that administrative actions that could result is fines, suspensions, demotion or termination of employment were sufficient punishment. Additionally, victims could sue an officer in civil court if the officer acted outside the scope of their authority and immunity.  The chief felt that these consequences should be sufficient for any police misconduct except, perhaps, a felony. Since her election Jessica has brought criminal charges of larceny against one officer for switching city tires off his patrol car on to his personal car. She also brought assault charges against an officer when she learned a suspect needed medical treatment for wrist abrasions due to her handcuffs being too tight. Recently several assistants have cautioned her that they are losing criminal cases, including serious felony cases, because police officers are either not appearing to testify at court or are having "difficulty remembering" critical details during their testimony. This started in traffic court but has also occurred in misdemeanor trials as well. The feeling is these officers are retaliating against the district attorney's officer for the criminal charges being brought against members of the police force.  The pattern is quite clear and getting worse. Prosecutors are complaining that police detectives are “too busy” to return their calls. Jessica understands she cannot successfully prosecute criminal cases without the cooperation of the police department. At the same time, she feels as though she is being bullied by an overly protective autocratic police chief. She feels she can and should prosecute police officer for any criminal offense ...and feels that her election demonstrated that the community agrees with her. What should Jessica do?

 

 

 

3. The Officer

 

Scott is still on probation as a police department rookie. While on probation he can be dismissed at any time for any reason and would not be entitled to a trail board or hearing prior to dismissal.

 

During the course of his patrol duties Scott has cause to stop a car for a legitimate but minor traffic violation. The motorist was highly agitated at being stopped “for no reason” and, using a variety of obscene references and racial slurs, adamantly expressed how upset he was. Agitated, Scott told the man to exit the vehicle and place his hands on the hood of his car. Scott looked through the car interior, and then took the keys out of the ignition to open the trunk. Seeing what Scott was doing the driver told Scott to stop and that he could absolutely not search the trunk of the car.  Ignoring this, Scott opened the trunk and discovered in plain view a large, clear plastic bag containing thousands of pharmaceutical-type capsules. Scott could hear the driver screaming, “That ain’t mine. That ain’t mine.”  Scott suddenly realized he has committed an illegal search. What should Scott do?

 

 

 

Format Requirements

 

Paper must be double spaced, 11 or 12 pt font and 1” margins all around.

All APA 7th edition format requirements must be followed (cover page, in text citations, reference page). Refer to APA/UMGC - learning resources found in the content page of this course.

You must have resources to support your thoughts/opinions/information.  These must be cited both in text as well as at the end of the document. Your paper should not contain direct quotes, sourced material must be paraphrased.

Due Date

Mar 9, 2021 11:59 PM

Hide Rubrics

Rubric Name: A MODEL Rubric for CCJS Projects - Max points

This table lists criteria and criteria group name in the first column. The first row lists level names and includes scores if the rubric uses a numeric scoring method.

Criteria

Equivalent to an A

Equivalent to a B

Equivalent to a C

Equivalent to a D or F

Criterion Score

Overall content of paper or project. Value: 20 points

20 points

The paper is exemplary. Content of the paper exceeds all information required by assignment, demonstrates critical thinking skills, sophisticated analysis and other perspectives.

 

Points available: 18-20

 

17.9 points

Paper indicates effort above and beyond the Project Description in the areas of research, analysis, critical thinking, etc.

 

Points available: 16-17.9

 

15.9 points

In general, the content of the paper addresses the information required by the assignment.

 

Points available: 14-15.9

 

13.9 points

The overall content of the paper addresses less than the minimal amount of the information required by the assignment. It demonstrates marginal work and does not reflect an understanding of the project.

 

 

 

 

 

Points available D: 12 -13.9

 

Points available F: 11.9

 

/ 20

Overall analysis and critical thinking Value: 20 points

20 points

Analysis and critical thinking is evident throughout the paper, beyond the requirements in the Project Description 

 

Points available: 18-20

 

17.9 points

Paper includes evidence of analysis and critical thinking beyond the requirements in the Project Description 

 

Points available: 16-17.9

 

15.9 points

The analysis and critical thinking is consistant with the requirements in the Project Description 

 

Points available: 14-15.9

 

13.9 points

The analysis and critical thinking reflected in this paper did not meet the requirements in the Project Description

 

Points available D: 12-13.9

 

Points available F: 0-11.9

 

/ 20

Responsiveness to Project Description: All elements are included. Value: 10 points

10 points

Assignment is formatted exactly as required.

 

Points available: 9-10

 

8.9 points

Assignment is formatted as required with minor/ inconsequential deviations.

 

Points available: 8-8.9

 

7.9 points

Assignment mostly formatted as required but missing some required element(s).

 

Points available: 7-7.9

 

6.9 points

Assignment is missing major elements,

 

Points available D:6 - 6.9

 

Points available F: 0-5.9

 

/ 10

Responsiveness to Project Description : Application of theory and knowledge to the facts presented, accurate use of terminology, etc. Value: 10 points

10 points

Excellent understanding and application of theory and knowledge to the facts.

 

Terminology is correct in all uses.

 

Points available: 9-10

 

8.9 points

Clear application of theory and knowledge to the facts.

 

Most terminology references are correctly applied.

 

Points available: 8-8.9

 

7.9 points

Application of theory, knowledge and terminology indicate understanding of the concepts and focus of the project

 

Points available: 7-7.9

 

6.9 points

Theory and knowledge does not apply to the facts presented.

 

Use of terminology indicates a lack of understanding of the concepts and focus of the project

 

Points available D: 6-6.9

 

Points available F: 0-5.9

 

 

 

/ 10

Responsiveness to Project Description: Organization. Value: 10 points

10 points

Organization is relevant to topic, clear and understandable with logical flow that makes the project easier to follow. 

 

Points available: 9-10

 

8.9 points

Organization is clear and does not distract from the project’s content. 

 

Points available: 8-8.9

 

7.9 points

Organization presents some MINOR distractions from the project’s content.

 

Points available: 7-7.9

 

6.9 points

Organization lacks relevance, is unclear, difficult to understand, or logic is missing that causes distraction for the reader.

 

Points available D: 6-6.9

 

Points available F: 0-5.9

 

/ 10

Formatting, references, and APA citations Value 15 points

15 points

Assignment is formatted exactly as required, all required citations and references are present and APA standards are followed in every respect.

 

Points available 13.5-15

 

13.4 points

Assignment is formatted as required with minor/ inconsequential deviations, resource requirements are met, citations and references are present and APA standards are followed.

 

Points available: 12-13.4

 

11.9 points

Assignment mostly formatted as required but missing some required elements/ sources or some APA errors are evident. 

 

Points available: 10.5-11.9

 

10.4 points

Assignment is missing major elements, lacks required sources or APA is not followed however a different citation method is used correctly.

 

Points available D: 9 - 10.4

 

Points available F: 0-8.9

 

/ 15

General Grammar/Mechanics Value 15 points

15 points

No or minor English and grammar usage errors. 

 

Points available 13.5-15

 

13.4 points

A few minor/ inconsequential mistakes in English and grammar. 

 

Points available 12-13.4

 

11.9 points

Some, but acceptable mistakes in English and/or  grammar. 

 

Points available: 10.5-11.9

 

10.4 points

Many mistakes evident in English/grammar usage. 

 

Points available D: 9 - 10.4

 

Points available F: 0-8.9

 

 

 

/ 15

Rubric Total Score

Total

/ 100

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