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Homework answers / question archive / 1)The process by which the body breaks down matter into more simple components and waste is known as ________

1)The process by which the body breaks down matter into more simple components and waste is known as ________

Psychology

1)The process by which the body breaks down matter into more simple components and waste is known as ________ .

 

a.

synthesis

 

b.

metabolism

 

c.

absorption

 

d.

biotransformation


 


2

is the study of the biochemical and physiological effects of drugs and their mechanisms of action.

 

a.

Pharmacodynamics

 

b.

Biochemistry

 

c.

Pharmacokinetics

 

d.

Psychopharmacology


 


3

A drug that is taken sublingually is .

 

a.

placed under the tongue

 

b.

injected just below the skin surface

 

 

c.

dropped into the eye

 

d.

sniffed

 

4

A drug that is administered transdermally .

 

a.

is placed under the tongue

 

b.

is injected into muscle tissue

 

c.

is sniffed

 

d.

passes through the skin

 

5

What does the pharmacological phrase ED 60 mean?

 

a.

40% of nonhuman lab animals die at this particular dose

 

b.

60% of nonhuman lab animals die at this particular dose

 

c.

40% of the patients who receive a given dose will experience a particular effect

 

d.

60% of the patients who receive a given dose will experience a particular effect


 

  • Question 1

 

   
 

Which of the following results has not been seen in needle exchange programs?

     
       
  • Question 2

 

   
 

Valium is an example of a drug that can easily pass through the blood-brain barrier because it is highly fat soluble.

     
       
  • Question 3

 

   
 

Confirmatory testing of positive drug screens is important because the screening methods that are used are wrong _____ of the time.

     
       
  • Question 4

 

   
 

When drugs are swallowed, they pass through the stomach and are absorbed in the __________.

     
       
  • Question 5

 

   
 

A drug is ___________ when it changes from solid to liquid after being mixed with a liquid.

     
       
  • Question 6

 

   
 

The safest of the three methods of injecting drugs is the intravenous method.

     
       
  • Question 7

 

   
 

In __________, the combined effects of multiple drugs is greater than the sum of the parts.

     
       
  • Question 8

 

   
 

One way that ____________ is administered involves sprinkling it on marijuana, parsley, tobacco, or other substance that can be smoked.

     
       
  • Question 9

 

   
 

Amphetamines have an antagonistic effect on those of alcohol, reducing alcohol's impairment of motor skills.

     
       
  • Question 10

 

   
 

_____ is a term that refers to the diminished effect of a drug when another drug is present.

     
       
  • Question 11

 

 

   
 

The effect of a drug depends most fundamentally on __________.

     
       
  • Question 12

 

   
 

___________ is the portion of the original drug dose that reaches its site of action or that reaches a fluid in the body that gives the drug access to its site of action.

     
       
  • Question 13

 

   
 

The "first-pass effect" refers to drug metabolism in the liver.

     
       
  • Question 14

 

   
 

When a drug is fat soluble, sniffing is a rapid and effective way to absorb it.

     
       
  • Question 15

 

   
 

Metabolites of some drugs cause unwanted side effects while those of other drugs cause desired psychoactive effects.

     
       
  • Question 16

 

   
 

Which of the following is not an advantage of the oral route of drug administration?

     
       
  • Question 17

 

   
 

The amount of time that marijuana can be detected in the body depends upon whether use is acute or chronic.

     
       
  • Question 18

 

   
 

How long can alcohol be detected in the system by using a drug test?

     
       
  • Question 19

 

   
 

Which of the following is a method used to administer barbiturates?

     
       
  • Question 20

 

   
 

In a prototypic dose-effect curve, the vertical axis refers to the __________ and the horizontal axis refers to the __________.

     
       
  • Question 21

 

   
 

Drugs that are more soluble in lipids (fats) are less readily absorbed than other drugs.

     
       
  • Question 22

 

   
 

Which of the following systems does not receive major portions of a drug rapidly due to a high volume of drug flow?

     
       
  • Question 23

 

   
 

The therapeutic index is _____.

     
       
  • Question 24

 

   
 

Drug potency refers to the largest amount of a drug than can be taken safely.

     
       
  • Question 25

 

   
 

The process by which the body breaks down matter into more simple components and waste is known as ____________.

     
       
  • Question 26

 

   
 

Which of the following is an example of an inhalant?

     
       
  • Question 27

 

   
 

Which of the following is a method used to administer barbiturates?

     
       
  • Question 28

 

   
 

The __________ route is the easiest of the drug injection routes to use.

     
       
  • Question 29

 

   
 

Drug potency refers to the largest amount of a drug than can be taken safely.

     
       
  • Question 30

 

   
 

The amount of time that marijuana can be detected in the body depends upon whether use is acute or chronic.

     
       
  • Question 31

 

   
 

Which of the following drugs has no set range of elimination because its metabolites are used too efficiently in the body to be measured reliably?

     
       
  • Question 32

 

   
 

Drinking large quantities of water would be an example of an attempt to alter the results of a drug test by _________.

     
       
  • Question 33

 

   
 

How many poppy seed bagels would need to be consumed in order to obtain a positive screen for opiates?

     
       
  • Question 34

 

   
 

The effects of alcohol and barbiturates are synergistic and combining the two has led to many accidental deaths.

     
       
  • Question 35

 

   
 

What does the pharmacological phrase ED 60 mean?

     
       
  • Question 36

 

   
 

The effect of a drug depends most fundamentally on __________.

     
       
  • Question 37

 

   
 

Metabolites of some drugs cause unwanted side effects while those of other drugs cause desired psychoactive effects.

     
       
  • Question 38

 

   
 

Intravenous (IV) drug use is an important risk factor for AIDS among heterosexuals.

     
       
  • Question 39

 

   
 

A drug that is taken sublingually is __________.

     
       
  • Question 40

 

   
 

____________ is an example of a medication that is administered sublingually.

     
       
  • Question 41

 

   
 

In __________, the combined effects of multiple drugs is greater than the sum of the parts.

     
       
  • Question 42

 

   
 

Pharmacokinetics is the branch of pharmacology that concerns the absorption, distribution, biotransformation, and excretion of drugs.

     
       
  • Question 43

 

   
 

Which of the following affect drug distribution?

     
       
  • Question 44

 

   
 

_____ is a term that refers to the diminished effect of a drug when another drug is present.

     
       
  • Question 45

 

   
 

Which of the following methods of drug injection is preferred medically for drugs that are not irritating to body tissue?

     
       
  • Question 46

 

   
 

Drugs that are more soluble in lipids (fats) are less readily absorbed than other drugs.

     
       
  • Question 47

 

   
 

Recent research has indicated that environmental differences do not seem to play a role in the pharmacokinetics of drug metabolism.

     
       
  • Question 48

 

   
 

The transdermal route of drug administration is an effective one for most drugs.

     
       
  • Question 49

 

   
 

A drug is ___________ when it changes from solid to liquid after being mixed with a liquid.

     
       

 

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