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Homework answers / question archive / Chapter 29—Entering a New Century, 1992-2010   MULTIPLE CHOICE       1)   Central to the idea of globalization was a

Chapter 29—Entering a New Century, 1992-2010   MULTIPLE CHOICE       1)   Central to the idea of globalization was a

History

Chapter 29—Entering a New Century, 1992-2010

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

    1)   Central to the idea of globalization was

a.

easy immigration.

b.

the reduction of trade barriers.

c.

faster transportation.

d.

economic specialization.

 

 

 

     2.   The World Trade Organization

a.

predated the implementation of the North American Free Trade Agreement.

b.

includes only the G-8 nations.

c.

replaced the 1948 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) in 1995.

d.

was opposed by the Republican Party.

 

 

 

     3.   While Clinton's economic policy aided the recovery of the mid-1990s, the most rapidly growing industry was:

a.

automobiles.

b.

health and educational services.

c.

aviation.

d.

information technology.

 

 

 

     4.   Launched in 1971, the Nasdaq

a.

was the centerpiece of the Microsoft Corporation.

b.

was a stock index that focused on companies in technological fields.

c.

replaced the Dow Jones as the leading stock index.

d.

gained 12,000 points in six years as America's leading stock index.

 

 

 

     5.   Which statement best describes the economy that emerged by the mid-1990s?

a.

Wages were rising for manufacturing workers but falling for people like engineers.

b.

Taxes rose so rapidly that a growing proportion of the middle class was pushed below the poverty line.

c.

The ranks of the rich included large numbers of new millionaires.

d.

Incomes declined for all Americans.

 

 

 

     6.   What industry is centered in Silicon Valley?

a.

Food processing

b.

Photography

c.

Microprocessing

d.

Automobiles

 

 

 

     7.   Which of the following was among the fastest rising costs in the U.S. at the beginning of the 21st century?

a.

healthcare

b.

transportation

c.

information

d.

housing.

 

 

 

     8.   By 2000, only ____ percent of families matched the traditional model of a husband and wife raising children.

a.

13

b.

33

c.

53

d.

73

 

 

 

     9.   The Supreme Court's decision in Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey (1992)

a.

eliminated all government regulation of abortion.

b.

held that in some cases the state could modify a woman's right to have an abortion.

c.

upheld the closing of some Planned Parenthood clinics.

d.

favored a policy of "separate but equal" with regard to women's use of public facilities for abortion.

 

 

 

   10.   Which of the following statements most accurately illustrates the controversy over abortion?

a.

One hundred clinics have been targets of arson or bombing efforts.

b.

The Roman Catholic Church withdrew from the National Council of Churches because it failed to support a constitutional ban on abortions.

c.

The federal government has attempted to force states to impose restrictions on abortions.

d.

Abortion was the central issue in the 1992 and 1996 presidential elections.

 

 

 

   11.   The bombing of the Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City that killed 168 people, including 19 children, was the work of

a.

the Palestinian Liberation Front.

b.

A Libyan terrorist.

c.

the Afghan Mujahideen.

d.

a white anglo-saxon American extremist.

 

 

 

   12.   An important part of the conservative restructuring of government under Reagan and Bush was the appointment of justices who practiced

a.

judicial restraint.

b.

racial equality and social justice.

c.

free market principles.

d.

true libertarianism.

 

 

 

 

 

   13.   In Printz v. United States (1997), the United States Supreme Court invalidated a federal mandate for

a.

residential rezoning.

b.

local minimum wage laws.

c.

state police conducting background checks on gun-buyers.

d.

drug enforcement.

 

 

 

   14.   As a result of his sexual involvement with White House intern Monica Lewinsky, Bill Clinton found himself the ____ president to face trial in the Senate for removal from office.

a.

first

b.

second

c.

third

d.

fourth

 

 

 

   15.   The Dayton Agreement that Bill Clinton brokered

a.

recognized the Palestinian state.

b.

gave China "preferred nation" status.

c.

partitioned Bosnia into a Croatian and a Serbian republic.

d.

granted American farmers exceptions within the NAFTA free trade zone.

 

 

 

   16.   Which statement best describes Americans' attitudes toward homosexuality in the early 1990s?

a.

A vast majority considered homosexuality incompatible with American values.

b.

Although many Americans tolerated homosexuality as a lifestyle, there was much less support for antidiscrimination laws to protect homosexuals.

c.

Most Americans felt it was time to guarantee homosexuals protection under the law.

d.

Homosexuals should be patient and wait for social acceptance.

 

 

 

   17.   Which statement about AIDS is most accurate?

a.

Some conservatives have claimed that homosexuals violate nature and that AIDS is nature's way of getting even.

b.

Its victims are exclusively homosexuals and drug users.

c.

Distributing condoms has had no effect on reducing the number of cases.

d.

Nothing has slowed the growing number of deaths it has wrought.

 

 

 

   18.   Although Republicans supported NAFTA

a.

they opposed ratification of the GATT treaty.

b.

they staunchly opposed Clinton's budget and economic recovery plan.

c.

they opposed including Mexico in the agreement.

d.

they insisted Mexico must improve its human rights record before they would support NAFTA.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   19.   Republicans criticized Bill Clinton's tax increases as

a.

affecting only the poorest Americans.

b.

insufficient to address the budget deficit.

c.

targeted to only affect Republicans.

d.

bad for the economy.

 

 

 

   20.   What was NOT part of the Contract with America?

a.

Reduced federal spending

b.

Getting rid of the line-item veto

c.

A balanced budget

d.

Support for family values

 

 

 

   21.   In the 1995 battle over welfare reform

a.

conservatives claimed that the problems were not material but spiritual and moral poverty.

b.

liberals contended that the current welfare system was working well.

c.

the final bill greatly increased funds to provide child care for the working poor.

d.

a deadlock was broken when representatives of private businesses announced their intention to hire over one million welfare recipients.

 

 

 

   22.   In the end, the dispute over the 2000 presidential election was settled by

a.

the United States Supreme Court.

b.

Florida's secretary of state.

c.

United Nations election overseers.

d.

the electorate college.

 

 

   23.   Which statement best describes Bill Clinton's foreign policy when he first took office?

a.

He favored an isolationist policy that reduced American commitments overseas.

b.

He was inexperienced and generally followed the outline of George Bush.

c.

He favored erecting high tariff walls that would keep foreign goods out of the United States.

d.

He sent weapons to guerrilla movements that were trying to overthrow Communist regimes.

 

 

   24.   In what nation did the Clinton Administration successfully restore democracy?

a.

Venezuela

b.

Turkey

c.

Haiti

d.

Somalia

 

 

 

 

   25.   The Taliban controlled which country?

a.

Pakistan

b.

Iraq

c.

Saudi Arabia

d.

Afghanistan

 

 

 

   26.   George W. Bush owed his victories in several key states in the 2004 election to

a.

voters also going to the polls to vote for constitutional amendments banning gay marriage or civil unions.

b.

voters interested in close Senate races.

c.

voters demanding that the words "under God" remain in the Pledge of Allegiance.

d.

voters concerned about stem cell research.

 

 

 

   27.   The federal organization responsible for coordinating disaster relief during Hurricane Katrina was

a.

the Red Cross.

b.

the National Guard.

c.

FEMA.

d.

the Coast Guard.

 

 

 

   28.   By 2006, more than how many American soldiers had died in Iraq since the beginning of the occupation?

a.

1000

b.

3000

c.

5000

d.

10,000

 

 

 

   29.   By April 2004, who had emerged as the Democratic nominee to challenge George W. Bush?

a.

John Edwards

b.

Howard Dean

c.

Richard Gephart

d.

John Kerry

 

 

 

ESSAY

 

   30.   What issues gave the Republican Party an opportunity to return to power in 1994?

 

   31.   What challenges did women face in the 1990s?

 

   32.   Describe how President George W. Bush responded to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.

 

   33.   Students should consider the decision to go to war in Iraq.

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