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Homework answers / question archive / Package Title: Testbank Course Title: Real World Psychology Chapter Number: Chapter 5     Question type: Multiple Choice     1) Consciousness is defined as _____

Package Title: Testbank Course Title: Real World Psychology Chapter Number: Chapter 5     Question type: Multiple Choice     1) Consciousness is defined as _____

Psychology

Package Title: Testbank

Course Title: Real World Psychology

Chapter Number: Chapter 5

 

 

Question type: Multiple Choice

 

 

1) Consciousness is defined as _____.

a) ordinary and extraordinary wakefulness

b) an awareness of one's internal events and of the external environment

c) mental representations of the world in the here and now

d) any mental state that requires thinking and processing of sensory stimuli

 

 

 

2) _____ can be defined as our awareness of our environments and ourselves.

a) Alternate states of consciousness (ASCs)

b) Consciousness

c) States of consciousness

d) Selective attention

 

 

 

3) A mental state, other than an ordinary waking state, that occurs during sleep, dreaming, psychoactive drug use, or hypnosis is called altered _____.

a) states of mental awareness

b) alertness

c) states of consciousness

d) sentience

 

 

 

4) Armand is daydreaming, Adele is dreaming while asleep. Which statement is TRUE?

a) Armand is semiconscious Adele is unconscious.

b) Armand is semiconscious; Adele is in an altered state of consciousness.

c) Both Armand and Adele are in altered states of consciousness.

d) Armand is in an altered state of consciousness; Adele is unconscious.

 

 

 

5) Consciousness _____.

a) is a relatively simple phenomenon

b) exists on a continuum

c) is an all-or-nothing phenomenon

d) includes only those states in which someone is fully alert

 

 

 

6) Which one of the following is  an altered state of consciousness?

a)  feeling dizzy

b) reading a book

c) sleeping

d)  yoga

 

 

 

7) Circadian rhythms are _____.

a) patterns that repeat themselves on a twice-daily schedule

b) physical and mental changes associated with the cycle of the moon

c) rhythmical processes in your brain

d) biological changes that occur on a 24-hour cycle

 

 

 

8) Rhythms that are based on solar or lunar rhythms basis are called _____ .

a) circuitous

b) chronobiology

c) calendrical

d) circadian

 

 

 

9) Which of the following is synchronized with the circadian rhythm?

a) body temperature

b) the menstrual cycle

c)  jet lag

d) the lunar  cycle

 

 

 

10) Physiological measures, such as blood pressure, pulse, and body temperature, reach their peak during ________.

a) early morning

b) daytime hours

c) early evening

d) late evening

 

 

 

11) Body temperature is lowest at what time of day?

a) between 10 a.m. and 12 noon

b) between 1 p.m. and 3 p.m.

c) between 3 p.m. and 5 p.m.

d) between midnight and 6 a.m.

 

 

 

12) Disruptions in circadian rhythms lead to which of the following?

a) relationship problems

b) reduced concentration

c) lack of  appetite

d) reduced fatigue

 

 

 

13) If you are generally less productive and more accident-prone than other workers, than it is MOST likely that you _____.

a) are working without supervision

b) have a Type B personality

c) are a workaholic

d) are a rotating shift worker

 

 

 

14) In general, it is easiest to shift from __________.

a) night to day shifts

b) day to night shifts

c) night to afternoon shifts

d) afternoon to morning shifts

 

 

15) Jet lag seems to be worse when we travel _________ .

a) north to south

b) south to north

c) east to west

d) west to east

 

 

 

16) Jet lag results from _____.

a) sleep deprivation

b) disruption of circadian rhythms

c) the effect of light on the pineal gland

d) disruption of brain-wave patterns

 

 

 

17) Which part of the brain is involved in the operation of circadian rhythms?

a) cerebellum

b) thalamus

c) suprachiasmic nucleus

d) cerebral cortex

 

 

 

18) Melatonin influences _____.

a) sleep

b) sexual arousal

c) puberty and aging

d) emotions

 

 

 

19) Which hormone increases in our bodies when we are sleep deprived?

a) melatonin

b) cortisol

c) testosterone

d) insulin

 

 

 

20) Which of the following refers to   brief, repeated periods of “sleep” lasting only a few seconds occur as a result of sleep loss?

a) mini-sleep

b) microsleep

c) daydreaming

d) power napping

 

 

 

21) Researchers have documented which of the following hazards of sleep deprivation?

a) reduced cortisol levels

b) reduced microsleep

c) less ability to  concentrate

d) increased daydreaming

 

 

 

22) Scientists study sleep in sleep labs using _____.

a) EKG recordings

b) PET scans

c) Functional MRI scans

d) EEG recordings

 

 

 

23) In a sleep lab, electrodes hooked up to the patient will probably measure _______, which is (are) common for researchers to measure.

a) heart rate, respiration, and blood pressure

b) brain waves, muscle activity, and eye movements

c) heart rate, muscle movements, and sexual arousal

d) brain waves, myocardial functioning, and ocular movements

 

 

 

24) hich of the following is the CORRECT sequence of sleep stages?

a) non-REM—Stages 1-2-3-4—REM

b) pre-sleep—Stages 1-2-3-4—REM—Stages 4-3-2-1

c) pre-sleep—Stages 1-2-3-4-3-2—REM

d) non-REM—Stages 1-2-3-4-3-2—REM

 

 

 

25) Which of the following is TRUE regarding a typical night's sleep cycles?

a) There are 7–8 cycles per night, each lasting about an hour.

b) Stages 3 and 4 decrease, and REM sleep increases during the night.

c) Brain waves increase in frequency and decrease in amplitude as the night progresses.

d) Everyone always progresses from Stage 1 to 4 and back.

 

 

 

26) How many cycles of distinct sleep stages do we typically experience during a normal night’s sleep?

a) 3-4

b) 4-5

c) 5-6

d) 6-8

 

 

 

27) How long do sleep cycles typically last during a normal night’s sleep?

a) 30 minutes

b) 60 minutes

c) 90 minutes

d) 120 minutes

 


 

 

 

28) Which stage of sleep is characterized by sleep spindles?

a) REM sleep

b) Stage 1 sleep

c) Stage 2 sleep

d) Stage 3-4 sleep

 


 

 

 

29) Which stage of sleep is characterized by delta waves?

a) REM sleep

b) Stage 1 sleep

c) Stage 2 sleep

d) Stage 3-4 sleep

 


 

 

 

30) REM sleep is also called _____ because the brain is aroused and active while the person remains nonresponsive and asleep.

a) pseudo-sleep

b) paradoxical sleep

c) hypnagogic sleep

d) transitional sleep

 

 

 

 

31) The sleep stage marked by irregular breathing, eye movements, high-frequency brain waves, and dreaming is called _____ sleep.

a) beta

b) hypnagogic

c) REM

d) transitional

 

 

 

 

32) How do REM dreams compare to non-REM (Stages 1-4) dreams?

a) Dreams are more frequent in non-REM than REM.

b) They are very similar.

c) REM dreams are more colorful.

d) REM dreams are more likely to include muscle twitching.

 

 

 

 

33) Which of the following is a characteristic of REM sleep?

a) sleepwalking

b) unresponsive muscles

c)  rapid breathing

d) less dream activity

 

 

 

 

34) What would best explain your baby's breathing irregularly, making little sounds, and moving her eyes rapidly back and forth under closed lids?

a) The baby appears to be coming out of Stage 1 sleep.

b) The baby is showing signs of a transition between sleep stages.

c) The baby has obviously been awake for several minutes.

d) The baby is most likely in the REM sleep stage.

 

 

 

 

35) Recent research suggests that REM sleep _____.

a) is important for consolidating new memories and learning

b) is necessary for both mammals and non-mammals

c) cannot be “recaptured” if you miss it several nights in a row

d) increases with age

 

 

 

 

36) REM sleep occurs in ________.

a) all mammals

b) only humans

c) only mammals with higher intelligence, including humans

d) both mammals and non-mammals

 

 

 

 

37) Which of the following statements about sleep is CORRECT?

a) Everyone needs eight hours of sleep each night.

b) Some people never dream.

c) Sexual arousal during sleep can occur without a sexual dream.

d) Dying in your dream can be fatal.

 


 

 

 

38) What is MOST likely to happen to your sleep cycles the first time you get uninterrupted sleep after missing several night’s sleep cramming for an exam?

a) You have more than the usual amount of REM sleep.

b) You have more than the usual amount of non-REM sleep.

c) You sleep more hours than usual and get an equal amount of REM and non-REM sleep.

d) You sleep the same number of hours but don’t feel rested. .

 

 

 

 

39) As we age, the amount of time we spend in  _____ declines.

a) Stage 2 sleep

b) Stage 3 sleep

c)  Stage 4 sleep

d)  REM sleep

 

 

 

 

40) _________ spend more time in REM sleep than _______.

a) Infants; adults

b) Adults; infants

c) Young children; adults

d) Older adults; younger adults

 

 

 

41) The average middle-aged adult spends what percentage of sleep time in REM sleep?

a) 40%

b) 14%

c) 20%

d) 33%

 

 

 

42) The adaptation/protection theory of sleep says that sleep _____.

a) evolved to decrease the number of hours of daydreaming

b) conserves energy and protects us from predators

c) restores the biological rhythms that would otherwise be disrupted by round-the-clock wakefulness

d) is necessary for the evolution of our species into spiritual beings

 

 

 

43) The theory of sleep that BEST explains why bears hibernate all winter is the _____ theory.

a) adaptation/protection

b)  rest/rejuvenate

c) recuperative/conservation

d) repair/restoration

 

 

 

44) The repair/restoration theory of sleep says that sleep serves _____.

a) a recuperative function, following depletion of key brain and body resources

b) to protect animals from predators and to restore the balance of nature

c) to conserve energy for use the following day

d) to consolidate memories

 

 

 

45) Which animal spends the least amount of time sleeping in a given night?

a) sheep

b) gorilla

c) cat

d) horse

 

 

 

46) Freud believed that dreams provide an outlet for  _____.

a) conscious wishes

b) unacceptable desires

c) latent wishes

d) acceptable desires

 

 

 

47) Which  method of dream interpretation emphasizes the roles of manifest and latent dream content?

a) Hobson’s activation hypothesis

b) McCarley's synthesis hypothesis

c) Freud’s wish-fulfillment theory

d) Mayan Indian communal theory

 

 

 

48) The ______ content of a dream contains the surface symbols that disguise the underlying meaning of the dream.

a) repressed

b) transference

c) manifest

d) latent

 

 

 

49) The _____ content of a dream is the true, unconscious meaning of the dream.

a) expressed

b) counter-transference

c) latent

d) repressed

 

 

 

50) After becoming very angry with your sister and wishing that she were dead, you dream about pushing her off a cliff. According to Freud, the latent content of your dream would be _____, while the manifest content would be _____.

a) pushing her off the cliff; wishing she were dead

b) wishing she were dead; pushing her off the cliff

c) pushing her off the cliff; angry feelings

d) angry feelings; wishing she were dead

 

 

 

51) A man has a dream about a train traveling through a tunnel, which represents his unhidden desire to engage in sexual intercourse. According to Freud’s view of dreaming, what would be the latent content of this dream?

a) the train traveling through the tunnel

b) sexual intercourse

c) desires unfulfilled

d) his masculinity

 

 

 

52) The idea that dreams are the byproduct of random stimulation of brain cells, and that the brain attempts to combine this spontaneous activity into coherent patterns, is known as the _____ hypothesis of dreaming.

a) Mobson-McHarley

b) activation-synthesis

c) random-convergent

d) brain stimulation

 

 

 

53) According to the activation-synthesis hypothesis of dreaming, what part of the brain is being randomly stimulated?

a) cortex

b) limbic system

c) brain stem

d) hypothalamus

 

 

 

54) The cognitive view of dreaming suggests that dreams _____.

a) awaken the unconscious

b) are random stimulation of cognitive processes

c) are a type of information processing

d) connect us to our unconscious

 

 

 

55) _____ theory states that dreams are byproducts of random stimulation of brain cells, whereas the _____ view suggests that dreams serve an information-processing function and help us sift through our everyday experiences and thoughts.

a) Biological; learning

b) Cognitive; wish-fulfillment

c) Activation-synthesis; cognitive

d) Psychodynamic; info-dynamic

 

 

 

56) The persistent inability to fall or stay asleep, or awakening too early, is a symptom of _____.

a) narcolepsy

b) insomnia

c) sleep apnea

d) narcosomnia

 

 

 

57) Which of the following persons is clearly experiencing insomnia?

a) Kipp frequently cannot fall asleep the night before a final exam.

b) Kaula regularly sleeps less than eight hours per night.

c) Consuela persistently has difficulty falling or staying asleep.

d) Paul wakes up early every morning.

 

 

 

58) Which of the following is TRUE about prescription drugs for insomnia?

a) Nonprescription medication is more addictive.

b) They increase REM sleep.

c) There is a danger of developing dependency on other drugs

d) They increase Stage 4 sleep.

 

 

 

59) If, in midsentence, your friend suddenly slumps over on the couch and appears to have entered the REM stage of sleep, which of the following is the BEST explanation for your friend’s behavior?

a) Your friend suffers from epilepsy and just had a seizure.

b) Your friend suffers from narcolepsy and should seek medical attention.

c) You are boring and should take a class in social speaking skills.

d) Your friend did not get enough sleep last night and should go to bed.

 

 

 

60) Degenerated neurons in certain parts of the brain have been observed in dogs with _____.

a) narcolepsy

b) REM behavior disorder

c) cataplexy

d) parasomnia

 

 

 

61) What types of drugs are typically given to reduce the frequency and intensity of symptoms associated with narcolepsy?

a) benzodiazepines and anti-anxiety medications

b) depressants and pain relievers

c) narcotics and MAO inhibitors

d) antidepressants and stimulants

 

 

 

62) Sleep apnea is ____________.

a) more prevalent in women than in men

b) accompanied by repeated awakenings, gasping for breath, and daytime sleepiness

c) a suspected factor in narcolepsy

d) the least serious sleep disorder

 

 

 

63) According to your textbook, the suspected cause of sleep apnea is _____.

a) a malfunction in the reticular activating system or the brain stem

b) malnutrition, alcoholism, or obesity

c) an airway blockage or the brain’s failure to signal the diaphragm

d) a mystery to sleep researchers at this time

 

 

 

 

64) Dieting, surgery, dental appliances, and tennis balls are all recommended treatments for _____.

a) insomnia

b) parasomnia

c) nightmares

d) sleep apnea

 

 

 

65) Sleep apnea can be treated with ______.

a) exercising throat muscles

b) a machine to keep the airway open

c) barbiturates

d) tranquilizers

 

 

 

66) Sleep apnea is a risk factor for ___________.

a) stroke

b) low blood pressure

c) diabetes

d) narcolepsy

 

 

 

67) A nightmare usually occurs during _____.

a) non-REM sleep

b) REM sleep

c) episodes of sleep apnea

d) sleep stage 4 only

 

 

 

68) _____ occur early in the sleep cycle during non-REM sleep and are characterized by a state of panic.

a) Narcoleptic fits

b) Nightmares

c) Apnea episodes

d) Sleep terrors

 

 

 

69) Sleepwalking is MOST likely to occur in _____.

a) adults

b) hypnagogic sleep

c) NREM sleep

d) REM sleep

 

 

 

70) The BEST way to deal with insomnia is to _____.

a) take a prescription rather than over-the-counter drug

b) exercise vigorously just before bed

c) check the clock each time you wake up and keep a careful record of awakenings

d) limit the use of your bedroom for  sleeping (rather than reading/watching TV)

 

 

 

71) Which of the following methods would be BEST for dealing with a sleep problem such as insomnia?

a) Drink alcohol to relax yourself before you go to sleep.

b) Perform a moderate jog on your treadmill right before bed.

c) Perform progressive muscle relaxation.

d) Try to go to sleep at a different time each night.

 

 

 

72) Psychoactive drugs _____.

a) change conscious awareness, mood, or perceptions

b) are always addictive, mind altering, and dangerous to your health

c) are illegal unless prescribed by a medical doctor

d) only include hallucinogenic drugs and marijuana

 

 

 

73) Drugs that change conscious awareness or perception are called _____.

a) addictive

b) hallucinogenic

c) psychoactive

d) mind altering

 

 

 

74) Which one of the following lists contains ONLY psychoactive drugs?

a) caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol

b) antacids, antidepressants, and antipsychotics

c) insulin, narcotics, and hallucinogens

d) aspirin, L-Dopa, and Prozac

 

 

 

75) Most psychoactive drugs create their changes in mood, energy, or perception by changing ______.

a) the body’s supply of neurotransmitters

b) the balance of drugs in the body

c) the way the neuron synthesizes neurotransmitters

d) the brain’s ability to receive sensory inputs

 

 

 

76) Psychoactive drugs can _____.

a) increase the production of neurotransmitters

b) can alter the transmissions between neuropeptides

c) prevent or mimic the reception of neurotransmitters on the next neuron

d) change neurotransmitters into hormones

 

 

 

77) A drug that mimics one of the body’s own neurotransmitters is called _____.

a) an alpha drug

b) an agonist

c) a psychoactive drug

d) an antagonist

 

 

 

78) When a drug enhances the effect of a neurotransmitter, the drug is acting as  _____.

a) a precursor

b) an agonist

c) a synergist

d) an antagonist

 

 

 

79) When a drug blocks a neurotransmitter’s effect, the drug is acting as  _____.

a) a precursor

b) an agonist

c) a synergist

d) an antagonist

 

 

 

80) What type of antipsychotic drugs block the receptor sites to which the neurotransmitter dopamine is attached?

a) precursor

b) agonist

c) synergist

d) antagonist

 

 

 

81) Which of the following is true about antagonist drugs?

a) They inhibit the effect of neurotransmitters.

b) They increase the ability to synthesize neurotransmissions.

c) They cause reuptake of a neurotransmitter.

d) They increase the release of neurotransmitters.

 

 

 

82) Drug abuse requires that the drug user _____.

a) use a substance that causes emotional or physical harm to self or to others

b) develop a tolerance to the substance being abused

c) develop a physical addiction to the substance being abused

d) develop an emotional addiction to the substance being used

 

 

 

83) Drug-taking that causes emotional addiction  to the drug user is known as _____.

a) addiction

b) physical dependence

c) psychological dependence

d) drug abuse

 

 

 

84) Drug addiction refers to ________________.

a) the use of a substance that causes emotional or physical harm to self or to others

b) a condition in which a person feels compelled to take a specific drug

c) the development of tolerance to a substance that is being abused

d) the use of nonprescription drugs only

 

 

 

85) The condition that compels someone to use a specific drug or engage in a certain activity is called ______.

a) drug abuse

b) addiction

c) cross-tolerance

d) drug dependence

 

 

 

86) Amanda told her best friend that she couldn’t stop thinking about how much she wanted to take more LSD, which was such a great experience. It is likely that Amanda is experiencing  _____.

a) drug dependence

b) psychological dependence

c) psychological addiction

d) drug addiction

 

 

 

87) After having Valium prescribed to help you cope with job-related anxiety, you find a less stressful job and are anxiety-free, but you keep taking Valium because you like its effects. If you haven’t increased the dosage and haven’t experienced withdrawal symptoms when you have forgotten to take the Valium, then it is most likely that you are ________________.

a)  addicted to prescription drugs

b) psychologically dependent on Valium

c) developing a cross-tolerance for other drugs

d) physically dependent on Valium

 

 

 

88) Joe is involved in repeated  use of cocaine, which causes changes in his body that make him highly uncomfortable until he takes more of the drug. What state is Joe in?

a) drug-induced brain damage

b) psychoactive addiction

c) physical dependence

d) drug dependence

 

 

 

89) Physical dependence occurs when a person needs to use a drug to prevent _____.

a) psychological dependence

b) withdrawal symptoms

c) addiction

d) tolerance and withdrawal

 

 

 

90) Brigitta was concerned about her friend Dave who was  physical pain, distressed,   and had intense cravings after stopping the use of an addictive drug. Brigitta took Dave to the emergency room and told the nurse that Dave may be suffering from _____.

a) psychological addiction

b) physical addiction

c) withdrawal

d) tolerance

 

 

 

91) If a person experiences rapid breathing, muscle twitches, and perspiration when trying to quit using illegal opiates, he or she has probably developed _____.

a) psychoactive addiction

b)  intolerance to opiates

c) physical tolerance

d) withdrawal symptoms

 

 

 

92) _____ is the development of decreasing sensitivity to a drug because of continued use, whereas _____ is the development of decreasing sensitivity to a drug because of the use of another drug.

a) Addiction; tolerance

b) Tolerance; addiction

c) Drug abuse; drug addiction

d) Tolerance; cross-tolerance

 

 

 

93) If you have to drink several more beers to get the same buzz you used to get with one or two, it is likely that you have developed _____.

a) a psychoactive addiction

b) an intolerance to alcohol

c) a better ability to metabolize alcohol

d) a tolerance to alcohol

 

 

 

94) Needing higher amounts of Drug B as a result of developing a tolerance to Drug A is called _____.

a) dualistic effects

b) synergistic effects

c) cross-tolerance

d) cross addiction

 

 

 

95) _____ act(s) on the CNS to suppress or slow bodily processes and reduce overall responsiveness.

a) Psychoactive drugs

b) Narcotics

c) Depressants

d) Tobacco

 

 

 

96) Which of the following statements about alcohol is accurate?

a) It has stimulating effects at low doses.

b) It stimulates and speeds up the body and brain at higher doses.

c) At high levels (>0.5%) it can cause fewer symptoms.

d) It is classified as an opiate.

 

 

 

97) Which of the following statements about alcohol is accurate?

a) It has no effects at low doses.

b) It stimulates and speeds up the body and brain at higher doses.

c) At high levels (>0.5%) it can cause coma or death.

d) It is safer when combined with other drugs.

 

 

 

98) If Max ingests a drug so he will be livelier and more outgoing at a party, but finds the drug actually slows his system down and  impairs his thinking, then ____________ Max  probably ingested.

a) nicotine

b) caffeine

c) alcohol

d) heroin

 

 

 

99) Which of the following college students most likely has a .10 blood alcohol content?

a) Sarah is relaxed and more  sociable than usual.

b) Jimmy notices his every day stress has lessened and he feels better.

c) Alex’s friends observe he is loud and difficult to understand, and his emotions are unstable.

d) Maya is clumsy and tripping over everything and her speech is slurred.

 

 

 

100) After taking Seconal (a barbiturate, a central nervous system depressant) prescribed by her doctor, your friend tells you that she is planning to drink a glass of wine to help her mellow out.  Based on what you know about drugs, what would be your BEST response to her?

a) Good idea; the two drugs will work better together.

b) Bad idea; the two drugs will counteract each other and she will become overstimulated.

c) It’s okay; alcohol only has a bad effect if you have more than 2 to 3 drinks.

d) Bad idea; taken together they can relax the diaphragm and cause suffocation.

 

 

 

101) Marijuana belongs to the _____ category of drugs.

a) opiate

b) hallucinogen

c) stimulant

d) depressant

 

 

 

102) Heroin belongs to which category of drugs?

a) opiate

b) hallucinogen

c) stimulant

d) depressant

 

 

 

103) MDMA belongs to which category of drugs?

a) opiate

b) hallucinogen

c) stimulant

d) depressant

 

 

 

104) _____ act on the nervous system to increase its overall activity and general responsiveness.

a) Hallucinogens

b) Stimulants

c) Alcoholic beverages

d) Psychoactive drugs

 

 

 

105) A drug that blocks the reuptake of dopamine, serotonin, and norephinephrine is ______.

a) heroin

b) marijuana

c) cocaine

d) tobacco

 

 

 

106) Marty, a middle-aged man, took a small dose of this drug just to experiment, and he ended up in the hospital with a stroke. The drug interfered with he electrical system of the heart and constricted blood supply to the brain.

a) valium

b) cocaine

c) alcohol

d) barbiturates

 

 

 

107) According to the U.S. Public Health Service, which of these people has  the single most preventable cause of death and disease in the United States?

a) Ben who drives fast and sometimes is drunk behind the wheel.

b) Amit who drinks six cups of coffee a day.

c) Dante who is 15 years old and obese.

d) Terri who has smoked a pack of cigarettes a day for years.

 

 

 

108) Nicotine activates the same brain areas as _____.

a) cocaine

b) serotonin

c) marijuana

d) valium

 

 

 

109) Opiates are used to achieve _____.

a) pain relief

b)  increased  activity and responsiveness

c) lowering of mood and feeling numb

d) an increase in endorphins

 

 

 

110) After repeated flooding with artificial opiates, the brain eventually _______ the production of its own opiates.

a) reduces or stops

b) increases slightly

c) has the same level of

d) increases significantly

 

 

 

111) Hallucinogens are _____.

a) drugs that produce sensory or perceptual distortions

b) often smoked in the form of crack or rock

c) psychodynamic drugs

d) almost always addictive

 

 

 

112) Hallucinogens are sometimes called _____.

a) psychotics

b) psychedelics

c) psychodynamics

d) pseudopsychotics

 

 

 

113) Which of the following persons most likely ingested a hallucinogen?

a) Al who claimed he could taste the color of the sky and see the sound of the birds chirping.

b) Steve who is usually quiet and shy stood up at a party and recited Shakespeare.

c) Rebecca who had a lot of energy, stayed up all night dancing and went to a party the next day.

d) Stacia who fell asleep immediately after taking the drug and felt groggy all day.

 

 

114) Which of the following hallucinogens is derived chemically in a laboratory?

a) mescaline

b) psilocybin

c) peyote

d) phencyclidine

 

 

 

115) “Dropping acid” refers to the use of _____.

a) mescaline

b) psilocybin

c) LSD

d) phencyclidine

 

 

 

 

116) Which of the following is accurate about LSD? It is .

a) used “regularly” and abused

b)  derived from the peyote cactus

c) likely to lead to accidents, death, or suicide

d)  considered a “safe” hallucinogen

 

 

 

117) The active ingredient in marijuana is _______.

a) THC

b) LSD

c) MDMA

d) MJ

 

 

 

118) Which of the following is true about marijuana?

a) It  dissolves in the body’s fat very quickly.

b) It  increases sperm production.

c) It  can enhance immune functioning by promoting relaxation.

d) It dissolves in the body’s fat very slowly.

 

 

 

119) According to research, which of the following drugs can impair lung functioning and immune response, and interfere with proper reproductive functioning?

a) opiates

b) barbiturates

c) marijuana

d) alcohol

 

 

 

120) Which of the following is a property of marijuana? It is   _____.

a) a narcotic

b)  an antidepressant

c)  an appetite suppressant

d) a stimulant

 

 

 

121) __________, the date rape drug, is colorless and tasteless and can easily be given to someone without her or his knowledge.

a) Rohypnol

b) Ecstasy

c) LSD

d) PCP

 

 

                                                                                  

122) This drug is a white powder that  has a stimulant effect.

a)  marijuana

b)  GABA

c)  Rohypnol

d)  cocaine

 

 

 

123) Which of the following club drugs increases levels of dopamine?

a) LSD

b) Ecstasy

c) GHB

d) alcohol

 

 

 

124) Which of the following club drugs increases levels of serotonin?

a) LSD

b) Ecstasy

c) alcohol

d) Rohypnol

 

 

 

125) Chronic use of _____ can produce lasting damage to serotonin-releasing neurotransmitters.

a) aspirin

b) MDMA

c) marijuana

d) valium

 

 

 

126) _____ is a group of techniques designed to refocus attention and block out distractions.

a) Hypnosis

b) Pseudopsychology

c) Parapsychology

d) Meditation

 

 

 

127) Which of the following can produce an altered state of consciousness?

a) insomnia and sleep apnea

b) aspirin and diet Coke 

c) exercise and diet

d) hypnosis and meditation

 

 

 

128) The highest functions of consciousness occur in the _______.

a) frontal lobe

b) temporal lobe

c) parietal lobe

d) occipital lobe

 

 

 

129) Which  of the following physiological processes can be changed during meditation  _____.

a)   the amount of sweating

b) heart rate and blood pressure

c)  muscle strength

d)  thyroid hormone level

 

 

 

130) The way in which the _______ works is profoundly changed during meditation.

a) prefrontal cortex

b) amygdala

c) cerebellum

d) occipital lobe

 

 

 

131) Research indicates that meditation has been somewhat successful in reducing stress because of its effects on what part of the brain?

a) corpus callosum

b) amygdala

c) cerebellum

d) occipital lobe

 

 

 

132) During meditation, the ______ diminishes the sympathetic response and increases the parasympathetic response.

a) corpus callosum

b) amygdala

c) cerebellum

d) hypothalamus

 

 

 

133) Which of the following persons is meditating?

a) Tsuan-wen, who is watching a calming video

 

b) Suzanne, who is performing pilates movements

c) Randi, who has slowed his breathing and heart rate far below normal waking levels

d) Shawn, who is listening to music with her eyes closed

 

 

 

134) _____ is an altered state of heightened suggestibility characterized by deep relaxation and intense focus.

a) Meditation

b) Amphetamine psychosis

c) Hypnosis

d) Daydreaming

 

 

 

135) Which of the following is a characteristic of hypnosis?

a) tuning out of relevant sensory stimuli

b) use of imagination and hallucination

c) an active attitude

d) increased responsiveness to pain

 

 

 

136) If you are planning to bring a hypnotist to class to demonstrate her skills, which student is likely to be the most successful under hypnosis?

a) Elly who is very focused and attentive.

b) James who is the class clown and can fake hypnosis.

c) Julie who wants to be hypnotized to  perform acts of superhuman strength.

d) Mitch who hopes the hypnotist can improve his memory dramatically under hypnosis.

 

 

 

137) If you did not want to be made to quack like a duck when hypnotized, then when you were hypnotized __________.

a) the hypnotist could still “make you” do anything he wanted

b) the hypnotist could still “make you” quack like a duck

c) the hypnotist could not “make you” quack like a duck

d) you didn’t remember what happened

 

 

 

138) Which of the following is the MOST accurate statement regarding self-control during a hypnotic trance?

a) A person retains all self-control and hypnotism isn’t effective or real.

b) A person surrenders all self-control and will do whatever the hypnotist suggests.

c) A person is unaware of what’s happening and afterwards won’t remember what happened.

d) A person voluntarily suspends control but remains aware of what suggestions are being made.

 

 

                   

139) Which of the following statements is  MOST accurate about hypnosis?

a) A person can be hypnotized against their will by a good hypnotist.

b) A person will comply with any hypnotic suggestion, including one that goes against moral beliefs.

c) Some parts of a person’s recall memory improve, but the number of errors increases.

d) A person under hypnosis can do things that require superhuman strength.

 

 

 

140) Hypnosis is BEST used for  _____.

a) improving eyewitness testimonies in a courtroom

b) treatment of phobias

c)  entertainment purposes

d)  to help with memory and recall

 

 

 

141) Researchers have documented all EXCEPT which of the following hazards of sleep deprivation?

a) Reduced cortisol levels

b) Reduced concentration and motivation

c) Increased irritability

d) Reduced motor skills

 

 

 

142) Jordan is in the first stage of sleep.  Which of the following is NOT characteristic of her consciousness at this time?

a) A ringing telephone could easily awaken her

b) She is experiencing alpha brain waves

c) Her breathing is regular

d) Her heart rate and blood pressure are slowing

 

 

 

143) Galen's new baby is scrunching up her face, breathing irregularly, making little sounds, and moving her eyes rapidly back and forth under closed lids.  Galen asks you if this means the baby is waking up.  Based on what you know about sleep cycles, your BEST answer would be _____.

a) Yes, the baby appears to be coming out of Stage 1 sleep.

b) No, the baby is showing signs of a transition between sleep stages.

c) Yes, the baby has obviously been awake for several minutes.

d) No, the baby is most likely in the REM sleep stage

 

 

 

144) Durango was very angry with his stepmother, and wished she were dead.  That night Durango dreamed that he pushed her off a cliff.  According to Freud, the latent content of Durango's dream would be _____, while the manifest content would be _____.

a) pushing her off the cliff; wishing she were dead

b) wishing she were dead; pushing her off the cliff

c) pushing her off the cliff; angry feelings

d) angry feelings; wishing she were dead

 

 

 

145) Which of the following lists contain ONLY psychoactive drugs?

a) Caffeine, nicotine, and alcohol

b) Antacids, antidepressants, and antipsychotics

c) Insulin, narcotics, and hallucinogens

d) Aspirin, narcotics, and Prozac

 

 

 

146) Irving's doctor prescribed Valium to help him cope with job-related anxiety.  He found a less stressful job, and is anxiety-free.  However, Irving keeps taking Valium because he likes its effects.  He hasn't had to increase the dosage, and he did not have withdrawal symptoms when he forgot to take his pills. It is MOST likely that Irving is _____.

a) a drug addict

b) psychologically dependent on Valium

c) developing a cross-tolerance for other drugs

d) physically dependent on Valium

 

 

 

147) Travis tells you that he can taste the color of the sky and see the sound of the birds chirping.  It is likely that Travis has ingested _____.

a) alcohol

b) a hallucinogen

c) a stimulant

d) an opiate

 

 

 

148) Your friend Loretta is taking Xanax prescribed by her doctor. She tells you that she is planning to drink a glass of wine to help her mellow out even more. Based on what you've learned about drugs in this class, what would your BEST response to her be?

a) Good idea; the two drugs will work better together.

b) Bad idea; the two drugs will counteract each other and she will become overstimulated.

c) It's okay; alcohol only has a bad effect if you have more than 2-3 drinks.

d) Bad idea; taken together they can relax the diaphragm and cause suffocation.

 

 

149) Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of hypnosis?

a) Highly focused attention

b) Use of imagination and hallucination

c) An active attitude

d) Decreased responsiveness to pain

 

 

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