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Homework answers / question archive / Question 1 1 / 1 pts Darwin argued that the behaviour of earthworms was    mechanically dictated by the environment;     mechanically dictated by evolutionary inheritance;     sufficiently flexible to indicate some degree of intelligence;     sufficiently flexible to indicate consciousness

Question 1 1 / 1 pts Darwin argued that the behaviour of earthworms was    mechanically dictated by the environment;     mechanically dictated by evolutionary inheritance;     sufficiently flexible to indicate some degree of intelligence;     sufficiently flexible to indicate consciousness

Psychology

Question 1

1 / 1 pts

Darwin argued that the behaviour of earthworms was

  

mechanically dictated by the environment;

   

mechanically dictated by evolutionary inheritance;

   

sufficiently flexible to indicate some degree of intelligence;

   

sufficiently flexible to indicate consciousness.

 

 

Question 2

1 / 1 pts

Darwinian evolution effected a change in intellectual outlook over earlier evolutionary theories in which of the following ways?
i) It stressed the importance of randomness over strict determinism;
ii) It differentiated between the production of variations and their subsequent selection;
iii) It did not portray evolution as inevitably leading to progress;
iv) It did not view variations between individuals as noise or error.

  

i only;

   

i and ii only;

  

i, ii, and iii only;

   

i, ii, iii, and iv.

 

 

Question 3

1 / 1 pts

Darwinian evolution through natural selection required

  

a pre-determined course of history;

   

the inheritance of acquired characteristics;

   

descent with modification;

   

moulding of organisms by their environment.

 

 

Question 4

1 / 1 pts

For William James and George Romanes, the presence of mind in an organism was indicated by

  

flexibility of behaviour to reach a desired end;

   

consciousness of sensations;

   

use of language;

   

abstract reasoning.

 

 

Question 5

1 / 1 pts

Herbert Spencer believed that all organic development took the form of a change from the

  

homogeneous to the heterogeneous;

   

heterogeneous to the homogeneous;

   

concrete to the abstract;

   

complex to the simple.

 

 

Question 6

1 / 1 pts

James disagreed with Spencer's emphasis on the organism's adaptation to the environment because he thought that

  

the organism also adapted the environment to itself;

   

Spencer's view was not sufficiently deterministic;

  

organisms did not adapt as they were born with fixed behaviour patterns;

   

organisms could only adapt in a very restricted time window immediately after birth.

 

 

Question 7

1 / 1 pts

Lamarck believed that evolution occurred through

  

genetic inheritance;

   

natural selection;

   

sexual selection;

   

the inheritance of acquired characteristics.

 

 

Question 8

1 / 1 pts

Spencer believed that evolution occurred through the

  

increased adaptation to the environment of each successive generation;

   

increased ability to control the environment of each successive generation;

   

increased physical strength of each successive generation;

   

increased creativity of each successive generation.

 

 

Question 9

1 / 1 pts

Spencer believed that mentality was

  

an additional quality attached to the mechanical body;

   

the inner aspect of outer physiological events;

   

present throughout nature;

   

caused by physical changes in the nervous system.

 

 

Question 10

1 / 1 pts

Spencer's progressive view of evolution was based on

  

the unfolding of a pre-ordained divine plan;

   

the fact that effects are more complex and differentiated than their causes;

  

the fact that the universe is necessarily towards entropy;

 

the necessary replacement of the weaker by the stronger.

 

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