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Provide a 5 pages analysis while answering the following question: Water Provision Recommendation

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Provide a 5 pages analysis while answering the following question: Water Provision Recommendation. Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide. An abstract is required. Egypt is one country that faces a huge shortfall of water to meet its domestic and industrial demand for freshwater. Currently, River Nile is the largest source of fresh water that the country depends on for supplies in domestic use, agricultural purposes, industrial use, and irrigation. However, this is not enough to meet the country’s demands for water, and as such, it has to explore more options to get fresh water, such as desalinization of seawater by removing salt from it, underground water supplies, reusing treated wastewater, as well as, recycling of agricultural drainage and irrigation water. The climate of Egypt is the hot desert climate whereby it experiences little or no rainfall for a long period. Evaporation of water is also very high and threatening the little reserves of water in the country because of the high atmospheric temperatures experienced within these regions. The population of the country that is ever-increasing also creates more tension on the minimal water reserves of the country. The regional average per capita water availability in Egypt was 2385m3/year in 1995 but faced a sharp decline to 1046m3/year in 2000. Analysts forecast this decline to continue until the water provision reaches 676m3/year by 2025 (Lianos, et. al., 2002, p.876). This lack of adequate water supplies in Egypt causes a lot of social tension and unrest in the country, as well as, deny its industrial markets to expand and grow the economy due to the unavailability of adequate water reserves in the country for use. In fact, for years, the country suffered international conflicts with neighboring countries over the ownership of the River Nile and its water.

However, the country has various water sources in which it can exploit and provide its people and industries with the necessary freshwater to carry out their day-to-day activities. As mentioned earlier, River Nile is the largest source of fresh water in the country, with the Aswan dam being the largest dam in the country.

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