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Homework answers / question archive / APA STYLE  250 words reference from book       BOOK ISBN#978-1-305-27147-0     Question(s): Be prepared to discuss 2 questions: 1

APA STYLE  250 words reference from book       BOOK ISBN#978-1-305-27147-0     Question(s): Be prepared to discuss 2 questions: 1

Nursing

APA STYLE 

250 words

reference from book

 

 

 

BOOK ISBN#978-1-305-27147-0

 

 

Question(s): Be prepared to discuss 2 questions:

1. Discuss what is complicated grieving. 

2. Mention at least 3 clues for identifying complicated grief reaction.

 

 

 

Guidelines: The answer should be based on the knowledge obtained from reading the book, no just your opinion. If there are 2 questions in the discussion, you must answer both of them. Your grade will be an average of both questions. Student discusses what is complicated grieving (55 points). Student mentions 3 clues for identifying complicated grief reaction (45 points - 15 points each clue).  

Chapter Twelve: Personal Loss: Bereavement and Grief

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Terms Critical to Understanding Loss

Bereavement

Uncomplicated bereavement

Grief

Complicated grief/prolonged grief

Traumatic grief

Disenfranchised grief

Loss

Primary loss

Secondary loss

Ambiguous loss

Mourning

 

 

 

Dynamics of Bereavement

Cultural Dynamics

Culture

3 patterns of response:

Death accepting

Death defying

Death denying

Sociocultural Mores

Spirituality and Religion

 

 

 

 

Conceptual Approaches to Bereavement

Stage/Phase Models

Kubler-Ross’s Stages

Bowlby’s Attachment Theory

Schneider’s Growth Model

 

Counterpart to Traditional Models

Dual Process Model

Loss orientation

Restoration orientation

Adaptive Model

Intuitive grieving ??Instrumental grieving

 

 

 

 

Assessment Tools

Texas Revised Inventory of Grief (TRIG)

Current Grief

Past Disruption

Grief Experience Inventory (GEI)

Nine clinical scales

Hogan Grief Reaction Checklist (HGRC)

Can discriminate variability in the grieving process as a function of cause of death and time elapsed since death

Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG)

Targets symptoms of grief that are distinct from bereavement-related depression and anxiety, and predicts long-term functional impairments

 

 

 

 

Types of Loss

Death of a Spouse

One of the most emotionally stressful and disruptive events in life

More widows than widowers

 

Loss Due to Caregiving

 

Death of a Child

Perhaps the ultimate loss for a person to endure regardless of the age of the child

 

 

 

 

Types of Loss Cont.

Bereavement in Childhood

Toddlers

Primary school age

Middle school age

Intervention and treatment

Bereavement in Adolescence

Value of connectedness

Intervention and treatment

Bereavement in the Elderly

Present more somatic problems than psychological problems

No indication that the intensity of grief varies significantly with age

Grief among older people may be more prolonged than among younger people

Tend to be lonelier and to have far longer periods of loneliness than younger people

 

 

 

 

Types of Loss Cont.

HIV/AIDS

Job Loss

Separation and Divorce

Death of a Pet

Complicated Grief

Traumatic grief

 

 

 

 

Being There for Grievers

Empathic Presence

Gentle Conversation

Providing Available Space

Eliciting Trust

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fitting Technique to Style of Grief

The Dual Process Model

The griever sometimes confronts and sometimes avoids the stressors of both orientations

Adaptive Model

Affective

Behavioral

Cognitive

Spiritual

 

 

 

 

Fitting Technique to Style of Grief Cont.

Cognitive-Behavioral Approaches

Most commonly used therapies for those who suffer from complicated grief

Narrative Therapy

Reconstructs the relationship with the deceased rather than abandoning it

Attachment Theory and Therapy

One of the oldest theories that deals with grief and loss

“Coherent narrative”

 

 

 

Case Examples for Dealing with Loss

Sudden Death of a Spouse

Stuart

 

Traumatic Death of a Child

Helen and Brad

 

Bereavement in Childhood

Makeena

 

Separation and Divorce

Nancy

 

 

 

Case Examples for Dealing with Loss Cont.

Death of a Pet

The Thompsons

Bereavement in Elderly People

Lenore

Bereavement in an HIV-Infected Client

Clint

Complicated Grief: Death of a Mother

Ann Marie

 

 

 

 

The Crisis Worker's Own Grief

Emotional investment in the client

Bereavement overload

Countertransference

Emotional replenishment

Facing one’s own mortality

Sense of power

Tendency to rescue

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