Create a 8 pages page paper that discusses douglas mcgregors theory x and theory y. Douglas McGregor was an American social psychologist who believed that there are two ways of motivating people within an organization. Focusing on this he developed the theory X and theory Y, which has been used in human resources management, organizational behavior and organizational development for years now. He introduced his theory in his book ‘The Human Side of Enterprise’ which was published in 1960. He maintained that there were two main ways of managing people. His theory acts as a reminder to the managers who under normal pressure forget the rules of managing people within an organization (Buchanan & Huczynski, 2004).
The theory was based on the main assumption that employees work only for money and security. This theory assumes that people are extremely lazy and employees who fall in this are very concerned about self-interest only (Bach, 2006). This mainly highlights that there exist two goals, one that is set down by the company and the other is the one set down by the employee. Hence the management is required to ensure that the employees work towards attaining the goals of the company rather than their own. This style is a combination of correctives and coercions.
These goals allow employees goals to be in line with the goals of the organization. McGregor also emphasized the fact that some people are not mature enough to meet up to that assumed within the theory hence a hard approach is used until the employees reach the level of maturity. This method as seen is a complete opposite of the previous theory (Buchanan & Huczynski, 2004). It is believed in this method that every person has a different mode of working, and different style, hence it is up to the manager to allow the employees to work as per their desire as long as the end product is in favor of the company and its progress (Bach, 2006).