On January 4, 2015, a research project undertaken by Nasja Ltd. was completed and a patent was approved. The research phase of the project incurred costs of $150,000, and legal costs incurred to obtain the patent approval were $20,000. The patent is assessed to have a useful life to 2025, or for ten years. Early in 2016, Nasja successfully defended the patent against a competitor, incurring a legal cost of $22,000. This set a precedent for Nasja who was able to reassess the patent’s useful life to 2030. During 2017, Nasja was able to create a product design that was feasible for commercialization, but no more certainty was known at that time. Costs to get the product design to this stage were $250,000. Additional engineering and consulting fees of $50,000 were incurred to advance the design to the manufacturing stage. Nasja follows IFRS.
a. Prepare all the relevant journal entries for the project for 2015 to 2017, inclusive.
b. What is the accounting treatment for the engineering and consulting fees of $50,000?