Homework answers / question archive / During the 19th century, performance arts were available to the people by way of commercial artists and organizations in America however in Europe during the same period there was governmental support and the tradition of upper-class patronage
During the 19th century, performance arts were available to the people by way of commercial artists and organizations in America however in Europe during the same period there was governmental support and the tradition of upper-class patronage. So in the US performance art groups were run by individual owners of for-profit enterprises. The shows were performed for mixed audiences and were generally performed by touring companies of musicians and actors in the smaller cities and towns. There was high musical literacy among the young cultured women of the upper and middle class and they staged performances for friends and family as popular evening entertainment. (Butsch 2000)
At the beginning of the 20th century, there was a decline in the commercial travel/touring companies, there were in total 327 theaters in 1899 in America but fewer than 100 by the year 1915(Baumol & Bowen 1966). The major agent of this dramatic change was the introduction and emergence of the new medium of movies. Many commercial live performing arts organizations were lost to the new technologies. film, radio, recorded music, and eventually television. This was the beginning of the change in the mode of delivery of the performance arts in America.
Many artists’ positions were extreme and polarized with the emergence of electronic media with some working with and others against the various mediums of their choice with the aim of emphasizing materiality and corporeal presence. The experiments would lead up to a situation where the physical body disappeared due to the media.
By the mid 60’s one could hardly envision that in only a few decades, the purchase of electronic media/tools would be possible at virtually any store, supermarket, or outlet, however, it was possible to experiment with the interaction between art and technology. .