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Homework answers / question archive / California State University, Fresno - IS 6E Package Title: Test Bank Course Title: Introduction to IS 6e Chapter Number: Technology Guide 3 Question Type: Multiple Choice 1)Which of the following is the correct order of the evolution of the modern IT infrastructure, from latest to earliest? A

California State University, Fresno - IS 6E Package Title: Test Bank Course Title: Introduction to IS 6e Chapter Number: Technology Guide 3 Question Type: Multiple Choice 1)Which of the following is the correct order of the evolution of the modern IT infrastructure, from latest to earliest? A

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California State University, Fresno - IS 6E

Package Title: Test Bank

Course Title: Introduction to IS 6e Chapter Number: Technology

Guide 3

Question Type: Multiple Choice

1)Which of the following is the correct order of the evolution of the modern IT infrastructure, from latest to earliest?

A.         Cloud and mobile computing, enterprise computing, LANs (client/server computing), stand-alone PCs, mainframe and dumb terminals, stand-alone mainframes

B.         Cloud and mobile computing, stand-alone PCs, enterprise computing, LANs (client/server computing), mainframe and dumb terminals, stand-alone mainframes

C.         Stand-alone mainframes, mainframe and dumb terminal, LANs (client/server computing), enterprise computing, stand-alone PCs, cloud and mobile computing

D.         Stand-alone mainframes, mainframe and dumb terminal, stand-alone PCs, LANs (client/server computing), enterprise computing, cloud and mobile computing

 

 

2.         This stage in the evolution of the modern IT infrastructure was characterized by IT personnel being the only one with access.

A.         Enterprise computing

B.         LANs (client/server computing)

C.         Mainframe and dumb terminals

D.         Stand-alone mainframe

 

 

3.         This stage in the evolution of the modern IT infrastructure was characterized by remote job entry.

A.         Enterprise computing

B.         LANs (client/server computing)

C.         Mainframe and dumb terminals

D.         Stand-alone mainframe

 

 

4.         This stage in the evolution of the modern IT infrastructure represented the original BYOD phenomenon.

A.         Cloud and mobile computing

B.         Enterprise computing

C.         LANs (client/server computing)

D.         Stand-alone PCs

 

 

5.         This stage in the evolution of the modern IT infrastructure was characterized by connecting personal PCs to work systems.

A.         Cloud and mobile computing

B.         Enterprise computing

C.         LANs (client/server computing)

D.         Stand-alone PCs

 

 

6.         Systems like ERP, CRM, and SCM were introduced in the     stage in the evolution of the modern IT infrastructure.

A.         Enterprise computing

B.         LANs (client/server computing)

C.         Mainframe and dumb terminals

D.         Stand-alone mainframe

 

 

 

 

7.         This stage in the evolution of the modern IT infrastructure was characterized by sharing pools of resources over a network, usually the internet.

A.         Cloud computing

B.         Enterprise computing

C.         LANs (client/server computing)

D.         Mainframe and dumb terminals

 

 

8.         Users began bringing their own PCs to work in the   to improve their          .

A.         1960s; productivity

B.         1960s; profitability

C.         1970s; productivity

D.         1970s; profitability

 

 

9.         Users first started bringing their PCs to work to improve their productivity in the 1970s; this is similar to the   phenomenon today.

A.         AI

B.         BYOD

C.         ERP

D.         RFID

 

 

10.       Enterprise computing was introduced in the . A. 1950s

B. 1960s

C. 1970s

D. 1990s

 

 

 

11.       Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of cloud computing?

A.         Grid and utility computing

B.         Pooling computing resources

C.         Server centralization on the internet

D.         Utilizing broad network access

 

 

12.       Cloud computing         , which means a customer can access needed computing resources automatically.

A.         encompasses the characteristics of grid computing

B.         encompasses the characteristics of utility computing

C.         provides on-demand self-service

D.         utilizes broad network access

 

 

 

 

13.                  computing makes scalability easier.

A.         Grid

B.         Mainframe

C.         Mobile

D.         Utility

 

 

 

 

14.       SaaS is a type of          computing.

A.         Grid

B.         Mainframe

C.         Mobile

D.         Utility

 

 

 

 

15.                  is NOT a benefit of virtualization.

A.         Lower fixed costs

B.         Lower variable costs

C.         Redundancy

D.         Scalability

 

 

 

 

16.       Public clouds are         .

A.         accessed through an extranet

B.         accessed through an intranet

C.         accessed through the internet

D.         stretched across different businesses in an industry

 

 

 

 

17.       Google Drive is an example of a        cloud.

A.         Hybrid

B.         Private

C.         Public

D.         Vertical

 

 

 

 

 

18.                  clouds are proprietary data centers that integrate servers, storage, networks, data, and applications.

A.         Hybrid

B.         Private

C.         Public

D.         Vertical

 

 

 

 

 

19.       A          cloud is also called a corporate cloud.

A.         Hybrid

B.         Private

C.         Public

D.         Vertical

 

 

 

 

 

20.                  clouds are the least expensive.

A.         Hybrid

B.         Private

C.         Public

D.         Vertical

 

 

 

 

 

21.                  clouds are the most secure because they can be placed behind an organization’s firewall.

A.         Hybrid

B.         Private

C.         Public

D.         Vertical

 

 

 

 

 

 

22.       Vertical clouds are similar to .

A.         extranets

B.         intranets

C.         internets

D.         suppliernets

 

 

 

 

 

23.       IaaS, PaaS, and SaaS shift IT from a(n)           expense, which means IT is

            cost.

A.         capital to an operating; fixed rather than variable

B.         capital to an operating; variable rather than fixed

C.         operating to a capital; fixed rather than variable

D.         operating to a capital; variable rather than fixed

 

 

 

24.                  is a service that delivers hardware networking capabilities, including the use of servers, networking, and storage over the cloud using a pay-per-use revenue model.

A.         DaaS

B.         IaaS

C.         PaaS

D.         SaaS

 

 

 

 

25.       With    , the customer manages the operating system.

A.         DaaS

B.         IaaS

 

 

 

 

 

C.         PaaS

D.         SaaS

 

 

 

 

 

26.       With    , the customer manages applications, data, and the operating system while the vendor manages the servers, virtualization, storage, and networking.

A.         DaaS

B.         IaaS

C.         PaaS

D.         SaaS

 

 

 

 

27.       With    , the customer manages applications and data while the vendor manages the operating system, servers, virtualization, storage, and networking.

A.         DaaS

B.         IaaS

C.         PaaS

D.         SaaS

 

 

 

 

28.                  allows customers to both run existing applications and to develop and test new applications.

A.         DaaS

B.         IaaS

C.         PaaS

D.         SaaS

 

 

 

 

 

29.       With    , the user has no control of software beyond user configuration.

A.         IaaS

B.         OaaS

C.         PaaS

D.         SaaS

 

 

 

 

30.       With    , the vendor manages the applications and data.

A.         IaaS

B.         OaaS

C.         PaaS

D.         SaaS

 

 

 

 

31.       Which of the following is NOT a reason cloud computing has a positive impact on employees?

A.         It allows employees to use whatever device they want.

B.         It gives them access to organizational information no matter where they are.

C.         It helps them save money since they can do everything on a single device.

D.         It increases their overall productivity.

 

 

 

 

32.       Cloud computing can enable companies to shift from capital expenses to operational expenses. This characterizes which of the following benefits of cloud computing?

A.         Expanding the scope of business operations

B.         Making individuals more productive

C.         Mining insights from data

D.         Reducing costs

 

 

 

 

 

 

33.       Cloud computing can enable companies to collect massive amounts of data and then use sophisticated algorithms to make sense of that data to create better products and services. This characterizes which of the following benefits of cloud computing?

A.         Customizing products and services

B.         Expanding the scope of business operations

C.         Mining insights from data

D.         Responding quickly to market changes

 

 

 

 

34.       Which of the following is a benefit of cloud computing?

A.         Privacy

B.         Productivity

C.         Reliability

D.         Security

 

 

 

 

35.       Cloud computing delivers computing services           on-premise computing.

A.         at the same time as

B.         can’t compete with

C.         faster than

D.         slower than

 

 

 

 

36.       Scalability benefits organizations by  .

A.         creating a competitive advantage

B.         improving organizational flexibility

C.         positively impacting employees

D.         saving money

 

 

 

 

37.       If your IT department doesn’t want to move to cloud computing because they don’t want to learn how to manage and maintain a new system, this reflects the following cloud computing concern:

A.         Legacy IT systems

B.         Privacy

C.         Reliability

D.         Security

 

 

 

 

38.       When a site like Google Docs becomes unavailable for any period of time, this fuels the cloud computing concern of .

A.         Legacy IT systems

B.         Privacy

C.         Reliability

D.         Security

 

 

 

 

39.       Unlike private clouds, public clouds have a problem with     .

A.         Legacy IT systems

B.         Privacy

C.         Reliability

D.         Security

 

 

 

 

 

40.       Moving legacy systems to the cloud is difficult. Which of the following does NOT explain this phenomenon?

A.         Complexity

B.         Money spent

C.         Security

D.         User resistance

 

 

 

 

41.       Least privilege is a concept associated with  .

A.         Legacy IT systems

B.         Privacy

C.         Reliability

D.         Security

 

 

 

 

42.       Safe harbors address the concerns associated with  .

A.         Criminal use of cloud computing

B.         Legacy IT systems

C.         Reliability of cloud computing services

D.         The regulatory and legal environment

 

 

 

 

43.       Anonymity on the internet enhances the problems associated with .

A.         Criminal use of cloud computing

B.         Legacy IT systems

C.         Reliability of cloud computing services

 

D.         The regulatory and legal environment

 

 

 

 

 

44.       Web services are applications delivered over           that MIS professionals can select and combine through almost any device.

A.         an extranet

B.         an intranet

C.         the internet

D.         the telephone

 

 

 

 

45.       A collection of web services constitutes a      .

A.         self-service architecture

B.         service-oriented architecture

C.         service-level package

D.         Software-as-a-Service package

 

 

 

 

46.       Which of the following is NOT a web service protocol?

A.         EDI

B.         SOAP

C.         XML

D.         UDDI

 

 

 

 

47.                  describes how data should look on a web site;          describes data being exchanged between business partners.

A.         EDI; HTML

B.         EDI; XML

C.         HTML; XML

D.         XML; HTML

 

 

 

48.                  is a set of rules that define how messages can be exchanged among different network systems and applications through the use of XML.

A.         HTML

B.         SOAP

C.         UDDI

D.         WSDL

 

 

 

 

49.                  is used to create the XML document that describes the tasks performed by the various web services.

A.         HTML

B.         SOAP

C.         UDDI

D.         WSDL

 

 

 

 

50.                  is a registry for searching web services.

A.         SOAP

B.         XML

C.         UDDI

D.         WSDL

 

 

 

 

 

Question Type: True/False

 

1.         The stand-alone mainframe is synonymous with legacy systems.

 

 

 

2.         Utility computing service providers charge a flat rate for the computer services they provide.

 

 

 

 

3.         Private clouds are access through an intranet.

 

 

 

 

 

4.         DaaS is a type of SaaS.

 

 

 

 

5.         Cloud computing allows organizations to shift from capital expenses to operational expenses.

 

 

 

 

6.         The US-China Safe Harbor is a streamlined process for US companies to comply with the Chinese directive on the protection of personal data.

 

 

 

 

7.         PCI compliance addresses reliability issues in cloud computing.

 

 

 

 

8.         HTML and XML are both used to design web pages.

 

 

 

 

Question Type: Fill-in-the-Blank

 

1.         We are currently in the          stage in the evolution of the modern IT infrastructure.

 

 

 

2.                    is a technology that uses software-based partitions to create multiple virtual servers on a single physical server.

 

 

 

 

3.                    clouds are shared, easily accessible, multicustomer IT infrastructures that are available nonexclusively to any entity in the general public (individuals, groups, and/or organizations).

 

 

 

 

 

4.         In the   -as-a-service model, customers rent servers, operating systems, storage, a database, software development technologies, and network capacity over the internet.

 

 

 

 

5.         IT         expenses tend to be more expensive than routine IT                        expenses.

 

 

 

6.         Cloud computing poses a major threat to      because the providers control, and thus lawfully or unlawfully monitor, the data and communication stored between the user and the host company.

 

 

 

 

7.                    markup language is used to design the “look and feel” of a web page.

 

 

 

Question Type: Essay

 

1.         The different stages in the evolution of the modern IT infrastructure can be cumulative. Provide an example of how a modern organization could utilize each type of technology.

 

 

2.         List, describe, and provide an example of the six cloud computing characteristics. What are the business benefits of each of these characteristics?

 

3.         List and describe the four types of clouds. How could an organization like Walmart utilize each of these cloud types?

 

 

 

 

4.         List and describe the three main cloud computing service models, including what the customer and vendor manages for each one. If you were running your own business and wanted to use these models, how would you determine which one is best for the business?

 

5.         Do you think the benefits of cloud computing outweigh the risks? Why or why not? Under what circumstances would you be willing to use cloud computing?

 

 

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