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Homework answers / question archive / 1) By calling something a moral agent, we mean that it is a being that has rights

1) By calling something a moral agent, we mean that it is a being that has rights

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1) By calling something a moral agent, we mean that it is a being that has rights.

            True

            False

 

2) If animals have value only in so far as they are useful for humans, then they have only instrumental, not intrinsic, value.

            True

            False

 

3) A so-called "right" refers to a strong and legitimate moral claim.

            True

            False

 

4) Locke argued all humans should be treated equally because we all have the same basic nature.

            True

            False

 

5) “Laws of nature” always refer to a natural law theory of ethics.

            True

            False

 

6) The idea of "equal consideration" refers to an equal consideration of moral rights.?

            True

            False

 

7) The key moral principle for the Stoics was to?

            ?seek just, love mercy, and to walk humbly with God.

            ?create the greatest amount of happiness for the greatest number.

            ?"know thyself."

            ?"follow nature."

 

8) In light of the discussion in your text, which of the following gives the best reason to believe that animals have intrinsic value?

            ?Animals are interested in their own survival.

            ?We love our pets.

            ?Humane farming produces a better product.

            ?Hedgehogs are so cute!

 

9) Which of the following moral perspectives best represents Singer's approach to animal ethics??

            ?Natural law

            ?Kantianism

            ?Care ethics

            ?Utilitarianism

 

 

 

 

 

10) Which of the following is true of vivisection, as it is practiced today??

            ?A conscious being is dissected.

            ?An animal is involuntarily euthanized.

            ?A person is involuntarily euthanized.

            ?A vegetable is involuntarily dissected.

 

11) Singer begins his argument by comparing animal rights to

            Human rights.

            Children's rights.

            Women's rights.

            Natural rights.

 

12) Which of the following is another word for telos.?

            ?nature

            ?essence

            ?goal

            ?human

 

13) The natural state of human liberty is a state of license according to Locke.

            True

            False

 

14) Evolutionary theory may present a challenge to natural law theory.

            True

            False

 

15) For Thomas Aquinas all laws created by humans are derived from natural law.

            True

            False

 

16) For Locke every person has a distinct right to punish those who transgress the natural law.

            True

            False

 

17) We have duties toward animals only if they have rights.

            True

            False

 

18) Animals are moral patients if what we do to them matters morally.

            True

            False

 

19) The Declaration of Independence draws on the theory of

            Plato.

            Locke.

            Aristotle.

            Hobbes.

 

20) According to Cicero, which of the following is true??

            ?The natural law is relative to culture.

            ?Natural law is an evolving phenomenon.

            ?The natural law is timeless.

            ?There is no such thing as a natural law.

 

 

 

 

21) Globally, how many animal species are considered to be endangered?

            Almost 500

            Almost 20,000                                                                                                                       

            Almost 5000

            Almost 15,000

 

22) Aristotle was the first philosopher to develop a complex ethical philosophy related to the ideas of natural law theory.

            True

            False

 

23) Arguments that animals have rights usually appeal to

            Utilitarianism.

            Categorical imperative.

            Relativism.

            Natural law.

 

24) Which of the following philosophers does NOT agree that there is such a thing as human nature?

            St. Augustine.

            Locke.

            Sartre.

            Aristotle.

 

25) According to your text, which of the following is NOT a view that Aquinas and Aristotle shared in common??

            ?That the moral good consists in innate tendencies of our nature.

            ?That human nature is radically evil.

            ?That humans are biological beings.

            ?That humans are sentient animals.

 

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