Fill This Form To Receive Instant Help

Help in Homework
trustpilot ratings
google ratings


Homework answers / question archive / 1) How did northerners view the Civil War once it began?   A) It was a chance to punish the South after decades of political rivalry

1) How did northerners view the Civil War once it began?   A) It was a chance to punish the South after decades of political rivalry

History

1)

How did northerners view the Civil War once it began?

 

A)

It was a chance to punish the South after decades of political rivalry.

 

B)

It provided an opportunity to integrate all slaves into American society.

 

C)

It was a struggle to preserve the Union.

 

D)

It was an ideal time to emancipate slaves in the Union-loyal border states.

 

 

2.

In his inaugural address, President Lincoln revealed that he hoped to avoid disunion by

 

A)

sending the Union army to South Carolina because it was the first state to secede.

 

B)

dispatching special emissaries to the slave states believed most likely to secede.

 

C)

taking measures to stop the spread of secession.

 

D)

threatening to abolish slavery in all seceding states.

 

 

3.

What event marked the official beginning of armed hostilities between the North and South in April 1861?

 

A)

Confederates firing on the frigate Star of the West

 

B)

An assault on Washington, D.C.

 

C)

The assault on federal troops passing through Baltimore

 

D)

Confederates firing on Fort Sumter

 

 

4.

Why did some states in the Upper South opt for secession from the Union?

 

A)

They felt betrayed, believing that Lincoln had promised to achieve a peaceful reunion.

 

B)

Senators from the Lower South convinced them to.

 

C)

Minor slave revolts threatened the region's institution of slavery.

 

D)

The new Confederate government offered them tax advantages if they seceded.

 

 

5.

What happened in the loyal border states of Missouri and Kentucky during the Civil War?

 

A)

State leaders emancipated their slaves.

 

B)

A violent pro-southern minority remained sympathetic to the southern cause.

 

C)

Most soldiers refused to fight against the Confederates.

 

D)

The citizens threatened to split off and create their own separate nation.

 

 

6.

How many of the fifteen slave states joined the Confederacy?

 

A)

Eight

 

B)

Eleven

 

C)

Thirteen

 

D)

Fifteen

 

 

7.

Why did white southerners from all classes enlist to fight Yankees?

 

A)

They believed the federal government was conspiring to raise their taxes.

 

B)

They believed that serving in the war would boost their economic status.

 

C)

They wanted to ensure that blacks remained subordinate to whites.

 

D)

Poor whites hoped the war would topple the planter regime.

 

 

8.

Most northerners viewed secession as

 

A)

an attack on the rule of law.

 

B)

constitutionally viable but impractical.

 

C)

too expensive and therefore illegal.

 

D)

a concept they wished they had thought of first.

 

 

9.

Why did southerners believe they had a real chance of winning the Civil War?

 

A)

Southern men believed they were physically tougher than northern men.

 

B)

The South had greater industrial might than the North.

 

C)

The South had a larger population of white men who could enlist in the military.

 

D)

The southern military planned to enlist the massive slave population into its ranks.

 

 

10.

What irony emerges when considering the wartime leadership of Abraham Lincoln and Jefferson Davis?

 

A)

Neither man was committed to the efforts he embarked on.

 

B)

While Lincoln was confident, Davis privately believed that the South never had a chance.

 

C)

The inexperienced Lincoln proved to be a more adept leader than the seasoned Davis.

 

D)

Davis and Lincoln agreed more than they disagreed on political policy.

 

 

11.

What disadvantage did the South face when it came to supplying the Confederate armies?

 

A)

It failed to mobilize enough troops.

 

B)

It lacked the resources available to the North.

 

C)

It found it more difficult to build intricate weapons.

 

D)

The Confederate Ordinance Bureau folded a month after it began.

 

 

12.

Why did the South experience greater inflation than the North during the Civil War?

 

A)

The South increased its taxes.

 

B)

The Confederacy issued war bonds.

 

C)

The South owed substantial debt to the North.

 

D)

The Confederacy printed more money.

 

 

13.

What was the significance of the first battle at Manassas (or Bull Run) in July 1861?

 

A)

It disheartened northerners to the extent that men stopped volunteering for the Union army.

 

B)

The Union's defeat encouraged Lincoln to authorize the enlistment of one million more men for three years.

 

C)

It was a bloodbath in which over ten thousand men died.

 

D)

Confederate soldiers questioned whether they had the mettle to compete with Union troops.

 

 

14.

Why did President Lincoln criticize General George B. McClellan early in the war?

 

A)

McClellan had amassed a huge military force but refused to attack.

 

B)

McClellan frequently requested to be reassigned.

 

C)

McClellan took too many unnecessary risks on the battlefield.

 

D)

Congress had appointed McClellan without Lincoln's approval.

 

 

15.

The bloodiest day of the Civil War occurred September 17, 1862, at

 

A)

Fort Henry, Tennessee.

 

B)

Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.

 

C)

Fredericksburg, Virginia.

 

D)

Antietam Creek, Maryland.

 

 

16.

At the end of 1862, the eastern theater of the Civil War

 

A)

made it obvious that the rebellion was nearly over.

 

B)

had been a great success for the Confederates.

 

C)

had seen one Union victory after another.

 

D)

had reached a stalemate.

 

 

17.

Who led the Union forces to victory at the Battle of Shiloh?

 

A)

William Clarke Quantrill

 

B)

“Bloody Bill” Anderson

 

C)

Albert Sidney Johnston

 

D)

Ulysses S. Grant

 

 

18.

What was the significance of the Battle of Shiloh?

 

A)

The Confederate victory gave the South control of the Mississippi River.

 

B)

The Union victory ruined the Confederacy's chances to take control of the West.

 

C)

The Confederate victory ensured that the Union would not take New Orleans.

 

D)

The Union's easy victory convinced General Grant that victory was near.

 

 

19.

What was the significance of the conflict between the Virginia and the Monitor?

 

A)

It ended the Union blockade.

 

B)

It almost prompted the British to enter the war.

 

C)

It marked the birth of the ironclad warship.

 

D)

It showed the South's superior industrial resources.

 

 

20.

Initially the Confederacy sought King Cotton diplomacy, a strategy based on the belief that

 

A)

European nations' need for cotton would lead them to support the Confederacy.

 

B)

raising the price of cotton would force the North to negotiate a peaceful settlement.

 

C)

European nations would loan the South more money if it reduced the price of cotton.

 

D)

growing less cotton and freeing more slaves would convince England to recognize the Confederacy.

 

 

21.

Why did King Cotton diplomacy fail?

 

A)

The Union destroyed too many southern plantations.

 

B)

European nations turned to Egypt and India for cotton.

 

C)

The Union refused to trade with Great Britain.

 

D)

Southern slaves refused to work during the war.

 

 

22.

Why did President Lincoln choose not to make the Civil War a struggle over slavery?

 

A)

He believed slavery to be a relatively insignificant issue.

 

B)

He doubted his power to tamper with the “domestic institutions” of any state.

 

C)

He doubted that destroying slavery was the best thing for African Americans.

 

D)

He believed that eradicating slavery would destroy the economy of the South.

 

 

23.

What did Lincoln consider the biggest obstacle to the acceptance of emancipation in the Union?

 

A)

The difficulty of finding a suitable place to send the freed slaves

 

B)

Public concern about the constitutionality of emancipation

 

C)

Public reaction to seizing southern property

 

D)

White fears that freed slaves would disrupt northern society

 

 

24.

In March 1862, Congress tilted toward emancipating slaves when it

 

A)

forbade the practice of returning fugitive slaves to their masters.

 

B)

labeled all slaves coming within Union military lines as contraband of war.

 

C)

presented emancipation legislation only to see it defeated by Democrats.

 

D)

declared all children born of slave parents free.

 

 

25.

What was the purpose of the second Confiscation Act, passed by Congress on July 17, 1862?

 

A)

It freed all slaves in Union and Confederate states.

 

B)

It made it legal to use slaves as Union army laborers.

 

C)

It freed the slaves of rebel masters.

 

D)

It emancipated slaves in the border states.

 

 

26.

Lincoln justified the Emancipation Proclamation as

 

A)

a military necessity.

 

B)

a personal moral statement.

 

C)

a response to the lobbying of abolitionists.

 

D)

a way to appease the entire northern population.

 

 

27.

Which statement describes African Americans' experiences in the Union army?

 

A)

The Union placed blacks in segregated units.

 

B)

A few African Americans became commissioned officers.

 

C)

Black soldiers earned the same pay as white soldiers.

 

D)

Harsh treatment kept most blacks from enlisting in the military.

 

 

28.

What was the capital city of the Confederacy in 1863?

 

A)

Montgomery, Alabama

 

B)

Atlanta, Georgia

 

C)

Charleston, South Carolina

 

D)

Richmond, Virginia

 

 

29.

Despite their ideological commitment to states' rights and limited government, Confederate leaders

 

A)

denied the right of West Virginians to create their own state.

 

B)

expanded their power by drafting soldiers into the Confederate army.

 

C)

continued their staunch support of states' rights critic Jefferson Davis.

 

D)

forced every state to issue resolutions in opposition to the Emancipation Proclamation.

 

 

30.

Why did the “twenty-Negro law” enrage many white southerners during the Civil War?

 

A)

It exempted from military service one white man on every plantation with twenty or more slaves.

 

B)

It paid slaveholders scarce government funds for every twenty slaves they owned or supervised.

 

C)

It forced every slaveholder with at least forty slaves to turn over twenty of them for use by the government.

 

D)

It targeted for military service every slaveholder with at least twenty slaves.

 

 

31.

What did southern clergymen think about the Civil War?

 

A)

They argued the time had come for the South to free its slaves.

 

B)

They supported the war effort but opposed slavery.

 

C)

They believed God had blessed slavery and the new nation.

 

D)

They believed the war was punishment for southern greed.

 

 

32.

Aside from leading to the legal destruction of slavery, the Civil War itself helped destroy slavery in practice because

 

A)

thousands of weary and disgusted slaveholders freed their slaves.

 

B)

the discipline necessary to keep slavery intact was disrupted.

 

C)

most male slaves joined the Union army.

 

D)

slave owners increasingly realized the advantages of free labor.

 

 

33.

How did slaves use the chaos and turmoil of the Civil War to whittle away at their bondage?

 

A)

Most used violence against their masters when they had the chance.

 

B)

They banded together to sabotage the efforts of the Confederate army.

 

C)

They served in the Union army in exchange for their freedom.

 

D)

They forced concessions from their masters and mistresses.

 

 

34.

Republicans generated the economic power they needed to fight a successful war in the early 1860s by

 

A)

creating special government bonds that paid investors a high rate of interest.

 

B)

revolutionizing U.S. banking, monetary, and tax structures.

 

C)

eliminating the federal income tax previously supported by Democrats.

 

D)

negotiating to secure the complete cooperation of the Democrats.

 

 

35.

What was the purpose of the 1862 Homestead Act?

 

A)

It granted every former slave a homestead with forty acres and a mule.

 

B)

It offered Western land to settlers who would live and labor on it.

 

C)

It instituted America's first public education system.

 

D)

It ended speculation on western land purchases.

 

 

36.

What economic effect did the Civil War have on the rural North?

 

A)

Plowing, planting, and harvesting were disrupted.

 

B)

Mechanization ceased as technological innovations focused on the war effort.

 

C)

High prices and increased production brought it prosperity.

 

D)

Women found their roles reduced because their husbands refused to fight in the war.

 

 

37.

Women served which of the following roles during the Civil War?

 

A)

As government secretaries

 

B)

As spies

 

C)

As soldiers

 

D)

As President Lincoln's advisors

 

 

38.

What was the result of strikes by workers in northern industries during the Civil War?

 

A)

They increased workers' wages.

 

B)

They undermined the patriotism of most workers.

 

C)

They were more effective for women than for men.

 

D)

They rarely succeeded.

 

 

39.

Who went on to found the Red Cross after serving as a nurse in Union battlefield units during the Civil War?

 

A)

Dorothea Dix

 

B)

Clement Vallandigham

 

C)

Clara Barton

 

D)

Justin Morrill

 

 

40.

What prompted an Irish-led riot that took the lives of at least 105 people in New York City in the summer of 1863?

 

A)

The prejudices immigrant workers faced

 

B)

The newly enacted draft law

 

C)

Inadequate living conditions and high rents

 

D)

Dangerous working conditions

 

 

41.

How did President Lincoln attempt to stifle opposition to the Civil War?

 

A)

He instituted martial law in all northern cities.

 

B)

He disfranchised political opponents.

 

C)

He imprisoned of a vast number of northern Democrats.

 

D)

He suppressed free speech.

 

 

42.

Under General Ulysses S. Grant's leadership, the Union armies

 

A)

lost the majority of their battles.

 

B)

sustained few casualties.

 

C)

became a sophisticated war machine.

 

D)

focused primarily on the war in the West.

 

 

43.

What was the result of the Battle of Vicksburg in July 1863?

 

A)

A Confederate victory forced Union commanders to question whether they could win the war.

 

B)

Weeks of battle and horrendous casualties produced only a stalemate.

 

C)

The Union army's victory opened up a large portion of the Mississippi River.

 

D)

The Confederates forced the Union army out of the deep South.

 

 

44.

Which general won the battle of Gettysburg?

 

A)

George G. Meade

 

B)

Robert E. Lee

 

C)

George E. Pickett

 

D)

Andrew “Stonewall” Jackson

 

 

45.

After his victory at Chattanooga, Tennessee, in 1864, General Ulysses S. Grant

 

A)

asked President Lincoln for a ninety-day furlough to recover from the exhaustion of the battle.

 

B)

launched a massive military campaign that would take his troops on a sweep through Virginia down to Louisiana.

 

C)

returned to the western theater of the war to conquer a new rebel threat that had sprung up there.

 

D)

resigned his commission, only to reenlist to fight at Spotsylvania Court House.

 

 

46.

What was General William T. Sherman's strategy for defeating the Confederates in Georgia in 1864?

 

A)

He planned to recruit former plantation slaves for the Union army.

 

B)

He planned to have his men confiscate Georgians' cotton and sell it to England.

 

C)

He intended to infect Confederate camps with typhoid fever.

 

D)

He orchestrated a scorched-earth military campaign aimed at destroying the will of the southern people.

 

 

47.

Which statement describes the fighting between Generals Grant and Lee in Virginia in May and June of 1864?

 

A)

The Confederate and Union forces lost similar numbers of soldiers, and the fighting ended in stalemate.

 

B)

Grant's men suffered fewer casualties than Lee's at Spotsylvania Court House, but not at Cold Harbor.

 

C)

Lee's Confederate forces lost more soldiers than Grant's Union forces.

 

D)

More Union soldiers died, but because Grant had twice as many troops as Lee, his losses were equivalent.

 

 

48.

What problem did President Lincoln face during the election of 1864?

 

A)

The Democrats had an excellent chance of winning.

 

B)

Much of the North's electoral process had shut down.

 

C)

Most Union soldiers threatened to support the Democratic ticket.

 

D)

Key Republicans had vowed to oppose his nomination in 1864.

 

 

49.

What peace terms did Grant offer Lee at Appomattox Court House on April 9, 1865?

 

A)

Grant allowed Lee to keep his slaves.

 

B)

Lee's men could keep their horses.

 

C)

Grant required Confederate officers to serve prison time.

 

D)

Lee would be tried for treason in a military court.

 

 

50.

When the Civil War ended, President Lincoln was confident that

 

A)

the transition to a peaceful nation would be relatively simple.

 

B)

he would hold the office of president as long as he wanted it.

 

C)

his postwar burdens would weigh almost as heavily as those of wartime.

 

D)

Democrats would support Republican peace policies.

 

 

 

 

Option 1

Low Cost Option
Download this past answer in few clicks

8.83 USD

PURCHASE SOLUTION

Already member?


Option 2

Custom new solution created by our subject matter experts

GET A QUOTE

rated 5 stars

Purchased 8 times

Completion Status 100%

Sitejabber (5.0)

BBC (5.0)

Trustpilot (4.8)

Google (5.0)

Related Questions