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Homework answers / question archive / Chapter 4-Law, Government and Public Health  1) The overwhelming majority of U

Chapter 4-Law, Government and Public Health  1) The overwhelming majority of U

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Chapter 4-Law, Government and Public Health 

1) The overwhelming majority of U.S. local health departments are organized at what level of government?

[1] County

[2] City

[3] Township

[4] State

 

  1. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for:

[1] overseeing the science of preventive services.

[2] conducting research into the treatment of major categories of disease.

[3] providing services to indigenous populations.

[4] evaluating the safety of food and drugs.

 

  1. The state health officer is usually appointed by the:

[1] U.S. Public Health Service.

[2] state legislature.

[3] governor.

[4] state board of health.

 

  1. The Institute of Medicine identified which level of government as the central force in public health, bearing primary public sector responsibility for the health of the people?

[1] Federal

[2] State

[3] County

[4] Municipal

 

  1. The agency that was first created as a Marine Hospital Service in 1789 is:

[1] UNICEF

[2] World Health Organization

[3] United States Public Health Service

[4] National Institutes of Health

 

  1. While the 10th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution gives the states primary responsibility for public health, inequities between and among the states persist because:

[1] the amendment did not specify standards of care that each state had to meet.

[2] standards of care implied by implementation is left to the states.

[3] each state has the right to define and delegate authority and responsibility for public health services.

[4] public health services are funded through property taxes that vary from state to state.

 

  1. Public health actions frequently involve a balancing of individual rights vs. the good of the community. Where that balance is struck is based on:

[1] explicit direction from the U.S. Constitution.

[2] societal values.

[3] science.

[4] what is right and what is wrong.

 

  1. What percentage of total federal health spending is devoted to public health activities?

[1] 1–2%

[2] 4–6%

[3] 10–15%

[4] 40–50%

 

True and False

  1. Most local health departments in the United States have more than 100 full-time employees.

[1] True

[2] False

 

  1. State and local governments spend more on health than does the federal government.

[1] True

[2] False

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