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Homework answers / question archive / 1) An argument is any set of statements

1) An argument is any set of statements

Philosophy

1) An argument is any set of statements.

2) An argument diagram should include all statements from the passage.

3. All sentences are statements.

4. The conclusion of an unsound argument must be false.

5. All arguments have more than one premise.

6. Every argument with a valid form is valid.

7. If an argument form is invalid, then so is every substitution instance of that argument form.

8. The Principle of Fairness requires that we be loyal to the original argument and not distort its meaning when rewriting it as a well-crafted argument.

9. All strong arguments have true conclusions.

10. If a passage contains a conditional statement, then it does not contain an argument.

11. Every argument intends to guarantee the truth of its conclusion.

12. Well-crafted arguments should retain any repetition found in an argument because it emphasizes a point or makes it more understandable.

13. All sentences are statements.

14. The statements comprising an "either-or" sentence are called disjuncts.

15. All weak arguments are uncogent.

16. Two or more premises provide interdependent support for a conclusion when the removal of any one of the premises decreases the support provided by the others.

17 When understood in the inclusive sense, "Either A or B" means "Either A or B (but not both)."

18. All true statements are valid.

19. Some arguments are false.

20. Any argument with a true conclusion is sound.

21. A hedge is a row of bushes planted to provide privacy.

22. Every argument intends to guarantee the truth of its conclusion.

23. The conclusion of an unsound argument must be false.

24. Sound arguments can have false conclusions.

25. Any argument that is a substitution instance of affirming the consequent is a valid argument.

26. Strong arguments with all true premises are cogent.

27. All weak arguments have false conclusions.

28. No valid arguments have false premises.

29. A substitution instance of an argument form may be valid even if the argument form itself is invalid.

30. An argument's conclusion is affirmed on the basis of its premises.

31. Identify the following as valid, invalid, strong, or weak: "Assuming Betty's flight leaves on time, she will arrive in Seattle at 6:00 p.m. Betty's flight did leave on time, so she will arrive in Seattle at 6:00 p.m." - Identify the following as valid, invalid, strong, or weak: "Peter has been at bat two times per game in each of the last ten games. He struck out every time he was at bat! So, he'll probably strike out the next time he's at bat." –

32. Identify the following as valid, invalid, strong, or weak: "Either Williams will win the election or Jarboe will win it. If Williams wins the election, then recycling will become mandatory. If Jarboe wins the election, then universal garbage collection will become mandatory. So, either recycling or universal garbage collection will become mandatory." –

33. Identify the following as valid, invalid, strong, or weak: "Approximately 43 percent of pet owners in America own a dog. Ron is a pet owner, so he must have a dog." –

34. "Will Jean will the election?"

35. Identify the following as valid, invalid, strong, or weak: "We can take a vacation in the Bahamas only if we save enough money. We've saved enough money, so now we can take a vacation in the Bahamas!" –

36. "Chocolate ice cream is better than strawberry."

37. "My brother has a cat named Sully."

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