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Homework answers / question archive / Question 1)       An argument consists of _____

Question 1)       An argument consists of _____

Philosophy

  • Question 1)
   
 

An argument consists of _____.

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

one issue and one or more premises.

 

b. 

two people yelling at each other.

 

c. 

one conclusion and one or more mere opinions.

 

d. 

at least one conclusion that is attempting to be supported by one or more premises.

     
  • Question 2

 

   
 

Which of the following statements best explains the following argument?: "The car runs for a few minutes and then dies. The lights inside and outside the car are dim. Therefore, the alternator probably needs to be replaced."

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

The argument has independent premises.

 

b. 

The argument has no premises.

 

c. 

The conclusion necessarily follows from the premises if true.

 

d. 

The argument has dependent premises.

     
  • Question 3

 

   
 

Choose the answer that is true about the following argument:
"There are just too many types of coffee to choose from. On the one hand there are premium brands like Starbucks. Next, you have your generic brands like Folgers. Also, I noticed that there are even brands of 'organic coffees.' Good grief!"

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

"There are premium brands like Starbucks" is the conclusion.

 

b. 

"You have your generic brands like Folgers" is the conclusion.

 

c. 

There are four premises in this argument.

 

d. 

"There are just too many types of coffee to choose from" is the conclusion.

     
  • Question 4

 

   
 

Consider: "(X). Therefore, since (Y), (Z)." Which would go in the "Y" space?

     
 

 

Answers:

a. 

Premise.

 

b. 

Conclusion.

 

c. 

Window dressing.

 

d. 

None of the above.

     
  • Question 5

 

   
 

An argument is not designed to settle an issue.

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

     
  • Question 6

 

   
 

If poor reasons have been given for a claim's acceptance, then the claim is not an argument.

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

     
  • Question 7

 

   
 

If no reasons have been given for a claim's acceptance, then the claim is not an argument.

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

     
  • Question 8

 

   
 

What type of premises does the following argument have?: "People who read more tend to have better vocabularies than those who don't, and having a good vocabulary makes you a better speaker and writer. Since good speaking and writing are important job skills, you are probably a better job candidate if you read a lot."

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

Independent premises.

 

b. 

Dependent premises.

 

c. 

There is only one premise.

 

d. 

This is not an argument.

     
  • Question 9

 

   
 

Deductive-type arguments cannot have false premises.

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

     
  • Question 10

 

   
 

The following argument has what kind of premises? "Chip Carter will be a better governor than Bob Greenfield because he will not raise taxes and will crack down on gang violence."

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

Independent premises.

 

b. 

Dependent premises.

 

c. 

Missing premises.

 

d. 

There is only one premise.

     
  • Question 11

 

   
 

Choose the implicit statement that is missing from the following argument: "Bo Xilai is a politician. And all politicians are scoundrels."

*Show your work on this one*

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

Bo Xilai is a scoundrel.

 

b. 

Bo Xilai is not a politician.

 

c. 

All politicians are associated with Bo Xilai.

 

d. 

None of the above.

     
  • Question 12

 

   
 

The following argument is a deductive argument: "It's Monday, so the mail carrier will probably arrive after noon today. He usually comes in the early afternoon on Mondays."

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

     
  • Question 13

 

   
 

The following text is an argument: "Bamboo can grow up to four feet a day, but only after it is well established. This can take from three to five years, depending on the type of bamboo."

     
 

 

Answers:

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

     
  • Question 14

 

   
 

What type of premises does the following argument have?: "I've been looking at the available literature on the trial of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, and the great majority of writers on the subject have grave doubts about the Rosenbergs' guilt. It seems clear that they may well have been innocent."

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

There is only one premise.

 

b. 

Dependent premises.

 

c. 

Independent premises.

 

d. 

This is not an argument.

     
  • Question 15

 

   
 

The following argument is an inductive argument: "The blasted hedge clippers aren't working again. Must be the switch. That's usually the problem."

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

     
  • Question 16

 

   
 

Choose the implicit statement that is missing from the following argument: "The streets are wet because if it rained last night then the streets are wet."

*Show your work on this one*

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

If the streets are wet then it rained last night.

 

b. 

The streets are outside.

 

c. 

It rained last night.

 

d. 

None of the above.

     
  • Question 17

 

   
 

A conclusion will never be unstated in an argument.

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

     
  • Question 18

 

   
 

The following text is an argument: "Your jacket looks a little tattered, there, Houston. Time to get a new one, I'd say."

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

     
  • Question 19

 

   
 

What type of premises does the following argument have?: "The Samsony UH-401X television is the best UHD LED television to buy because it has Quantum Dot technology, it's the least expensive, and it has the most 'immersive' experience out of all the other TVs in its class."

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

Independent premises.

 

b. 

Dependent premises.

 

c. 

Serial premises.

 

d. 

There is only one premise.

     
  • Question 20

 

   
 

Choose the answer that is true about the following argument: "If you water the lawn, then you will have to mow it. This is due to the fact that If you water the lawn, then it will grow. And if the lawn grows, then you will have to mow it."

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

The argument has dependent premises.

 

b. 

The argument has unstated premises.

 

c. 

The argument has an unstated conclusion.

 

d. 

The argument is inductive.

     
  • Question 21

 

   
 

Some premise indicators include "since", "because", and "for."

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

     
  • Question 22

 

   
 

The statement "Those confounded Patriots won the Super Bowl" is a claim.

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

     
  • Question 23

 

   
 

Choose the answer that is true about the following argument: "Either Terryl is in Istanbul or he is in Bangkok. Terryl is in Istanbul. So, Terryl is not in Bangkok."

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

The argument has independent premises.

 

b. 

The argument has dependent premises.

 

c. 

The argument has an unstated conclusion.

 

d. 

The argument is inductive.

     
  • Question 24

 

   
 

The following argument is a deductive argument: "If your shoes are too small, then you shouldn't wear them, and those are much too small. Besides, they're worn out. If the shoes are worn out, then you shouldn't wear them."

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

True

 

b. 

False

     
  • Question 25

 

   
 

Which statement out of the following is a deductive argument:

     

 

 

Answers:

a. 

Most of the beans in the can picked so far are brown; therefore, the next bean to be picked will be brown.

 

b. 

All Yankees are baseball players; Masahiro Tanaka is a Yankee; therefore, Tanaka is a baseball player.

 

c. 

Most Jips are Jops; Fleeby is a Jip; therefore, Fleeby is a Jop.

 

d. 

Cigarette smoking is a governmental restriction of freedom, hence the government is in the business of restricting personal rights.

     

 

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